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The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which

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Re: The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 21:02
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GMATNinja, GMATninja2, Does not option A break the assumption of the author i.e. with small retail market share a company cannot cause upheaval in the office-equipment retail business.

For option B my thought is- Despite prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies can small firms not survive in the market? yes they can

I would appreciate your assistance to clear my doubt how option B is a better choice.
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Re: The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2018, 10:21
gsingh0711 wrote:
GMATNinja, GMATninja2, Does not option A break the assumption of the author i.e. with small retail market share a company cannot cause upheaval in the office-equipment retail business.

For option B my thought is- Despite prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies can small firms not survive in the market? yes they can

I would appreciate your assistance to clear my doubt how option B is a better choice.

Choice (A) is not talking about the retail market at all. Instead, it talks about non-retail sales to manufacturers. Thus, (A) is not relevant to this argument.

Yes, (B) does not PROVE that the author's argument is wrong. It is certainly possible that small retail firms could survive despite lower prices. But we are simply looking for the answer that, if true, would most weaken the argument.

If (B) is true, then the small firms MUST have lowered their prices. Unless they can suddenly cut costs, this means that their revenues and profits have decreased. This could certainly explain why many small firms have gone out of business.

Again, we don't need to prove that the lowered prices caused many small firms to go out of business. But (B) definitely weakens the author's argument by providing evidence supporting that possibility.

I hope that helps!
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Re: The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2018, 10:22
gsingh0711 wrote:
GMATNinja, GMATninja2, Does not option A break the assumption of the author i.e. with small retail market share a company cannot cause upheaval in the office-equipment retail business.

For option B my thought is- Despite prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies can small firms not survive in the market? yes they can

I would appreciate your assistance to clear my doubt how option B is a better choice.

Choice (A) is not talking about the retail market at all. Instead, it talks about non-retail sales to manufacturers. Thus, (A) is not relevant to this argument.

Yes, (B) does not PROVE that the author's argument is wrong. It is certainly possible that small retail firms could survive despite lower prices. But we are simply looking for the answer that, if true, would most weaken the argument.

If (B) is true, then the small firms MUST have lowered their prices. Unless they can suddenly cut costs, this means that their revenues and profits have decreased. This could certainly explain why many small firms have gone out of business.

Again, we don't need to prove that the lowered prices caused many small firms to go out of business. But (B) definitely weakens the author's argument by providing evidence supporting that possibility.

I hope that helps!
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Re: The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2019, 17:20
The actual stem could be better written to avoid confusion. Or maybe I'm just easily confused.

The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which many small firms have gone out of business, has been attributed to the advent of office equipment superstores whose high sales volume keeps their prices low. This analysis is flawed, however, since even today the superstores control a very small share of the retail market.

I constantly thought the argument said "volumes keep" super stores prices low - so it made no sense to me what was going on until I realised I mixed this up.
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Re: The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2020, 07:32
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Curly05 wrote:
The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which many small firms have gone out of business, has been attributed to the advent of office equipment superstores whose high sales volume keeps their prices low. This analysis is flawed, however, since even today the superstores control a very small share of the retail market.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument that the analysis is flawed?

(A) Most of the larger customers for office equipment purchase under contract directly from manufacturers and thus do not participate in the retail market.

(B) The superstores’ heavy advertising of their low prices has forced prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies.

(C) Some of the superstores that only recently opened have themselves gone out of business.

(D) Most of the office equipment superstores are owned by large retailing chains that also own stores selling other types of goods.

(E) The growing importance of computers in most offices has changed the kind of office equipment retailers must stock.


Wow surprisingly all this becomes easy when you understand the GAP and know what you are looking for .

small businesses are closing becoz super stores keep prices low (becoz they have high sales volume ). and we need to weaken the conclusion that superstores are not the reason for failures/closures of small businesses .
We need to show that small businesses closed because of these superstores .

So correct answer will fill this GAP. and clearly B is correct
(B) The superstores’ heavy advertising of their low prices has forced prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies.
B makes sense as we were talking about price and small business don't have high sales so they can never compete this price .
NOTE- always follow the logic and info used in STEM to weaken the argument . Weaken contains outside info but right outside info would contain similar link /connection /structure /logic .

OPTION (A) Most of the larger customers for office equipment purchase under contract directly from manufacturers and thus do not participate in the retail market. fails to show how SUPERSTORES have made small businesses suffer . Option A is just extra info it doesn't help us understand this GAP we are looking for.

(D) Most of the office equipment superstores are owned by large retailing chains that also own stores selling other types of goods.- Owning MOST of the OE doesn't help us understand how big stores made small business run out of business . May be some of the equipment which big stores don't have could have been available with small stores / business . So this doesn't weaken and isn't best ans .
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Re: The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2020, 01:24
main FOUR words of the argument : "keeps their prices low"
It is the reason for grasping all the customers in order to control the retail market .
superstores are doing so but small firms are unable to that.
someone has purported "keeps their prices low" is the reason for kicking small firms out of the market . but does "keeps their prices low" come ? according to that person it is just because superstores have large percent of share in the market.
author says logic is flawed because superstores have small percentage of share in market .

we have to weaken the argument that the analysis is flawed . so percentage of share ( contradicting factor between someone and the author ) is not the reason. we have to find another reason from answer choice which will be the deciding factor for superstores by keeping prices low to rule the market and keep small firms out of it.

option (1) : Most of the larger customers for office equipment purchase under contract directly from manufacturers and thus do not participate in the retail market.

The retail supply chain consists of manufacturers, wholesalers, retailers, and the consumer (end user). so, here consumers are directly linked with manufacturers ; option doesn't consider retail market. so. this is out of scope.

option (2) : The superstores’ heavy advertising of their low prices has forced prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies.
here comes the another reason what we were just looking for. heavy advertising is the cause to keep the prices low and to capture the whole market . so. the flaw is weakened by this choice.

option (3) : Some of the superstores that only recently opened have themselves gone out of business.
The goal is to show that something that the superstores did had an impact (in this case negative) on the small business sales.
just opposite to our intended search .

option (4) : Most of the office equipment superstores are owned by large retailing chains that also own stores selling other types of goods.
the ownership of the superstores isn't relevant to the argument. the scope of the passage is limited to the retail market for office supplies. so, "large retailing chains that also own stores selling other types of goods " is totally out of scope .

option (5) : The growing importance of computers in most offices has changed the kind of office equipment retailers must stock. so what? retails are not stocking new equipments? definitely prices will be changed for the new products but will affect the market in the same way as the old products did.

correct answer B
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Re: The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which   [#permalink] 16 Apr 2020, 01:24

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