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The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri

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The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects the preoccupations of their own time.


(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects

(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect

(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects

(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect

(E) historians in writing about it inevitably reflect


Could someone explain the role of the verb modifier in the right answer ?

Originally posted by whichscore on 29 Mar 2011, 03:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 14 Jan 2019, 10:32, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question, added the source
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2011, 08:23
1
The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it
inevitably reflects the preoccupations of [url]their[/url] own time.
(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitable reflect

because the main st used " their" > historian must be historians
we can eliminate ABC
D is wordy
E left
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2011, 08:35
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First thing, let us decide wither it is inevitable or inevitably. Can an adjective inevitable modify a verb reflect? Plain wrong.
A, B and C are out becos of the singular historian not tallying with their in the non-underlined part. D is left
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2011, 08:47
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1
Got it wrong on first go. Chose B
was not able to understand fully. the question and statements are bit garbled.

on second attempt, D looks ok
we need historians for 'their'; therefore A,B,C out.

between D & E
"inevitable reflect" is incorrect. we need inevitably

E is the Answer
the first 'it' refers to "record of the past" . . and . . second 'it' acts like a placeholder to postpone the "infinitive subject" . . seems justified, though clumsy



‘IT’ used as a PLACEHOLDER
IT is a word that doesn't refer to anything but serve a placeholder so that the sentence can express its meaning

Used rightly: Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are necessary only in the South
To postpone “that clause”: As machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated that the workweek would continue to become shorter. . . placeholder IT has delayed the use of that clause; “that the workweek would continue to become shorter”
To postpone infinitive subjects: IT is futile To resist temptation
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2011, 08:59
Target 760

Quote:
between D & E

"inevitable reflect" is incorrect. we need inevitably

E is the Answer

the first 'it' refers to "record of the past" . . and . . second 'it' acts like a placeholder to postpone the "infinitive subject" . . seems justified, though clumsy


Only D has inevitably reflect; E has inevitable reflect. Is your choie of E a typo?”
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New post 29 Mar 2011, 09:04
daagh wrote:
Target 760

Quote:
between D & E

"inevitable reflect" is incorrect. we need inevitably

E is the Answer

the first 'it' refers to "record of the past" . . and . . second 'it' acts like a placeholder to postpone the "infinitive subject" . . seems justified, though clumsy


Only D has inevitably reflect; E has inevitable reflect. Is your choie of E a typo?”



yes typo!

i meant; when choosing between D & E -> we can drop E, because 'inevetiable' cannot modify 'reflect' . . whereas in D, use of inevitable is correct. so i think!!
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New post 30 Mar 2011, 06:15
in my view, the correct answer is E.
The major flaw of "D" is that it fails to rightly place "historians", which is modified by "writing about it". "Historians" should be place right after "writing about it".
Any further suggestions ?
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2011, 21:52
If OA is E.. My question is can "inevitable" modify "reflect" i.e. Can an adjective modifiy the verb??
Am I missing something here??
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New post 14 Aug 2011, 03:52
Is there a typo in Choice E? Some other forums say 'inevitably reflect’, in which case, E is the answer. Which is the correct version? Will the original poster help us?
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2013, 11:07
The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects the preoccupations of their own time.

(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitable reflect

My Answer is D
Official Answer is E

A) incorrect because singular 'the historian' does not agree with plural 'their'
B) incorrect for the same
C) incorrect for the same
E) incorrect because 'inevitable' should function as an adverb to 'reflect'
Thats left us with only choice D.
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2013, 12:51
I agree. The choice E (OA) should have "inevitably", not "inevitable"
(E) historians in writing about it inevitably reflect

Choice(D) is changes the intended meaning and also grammatically incorrect.
"inevitable for historians to reflect" is nonsensical in this context.

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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2018, 06:27
whichscore wrote:
The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it
inevitably reflects
the preoccupations of their own time.
(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitable reflect

Could someone explain the role of the verb modifier in the right answer ?


1. We have "their" in the end of the sentence, it is not underlined --------> we need plural "historians" ------> A, B, C are out.

2. Between D and E I chose E because I did not like "in writing" ("writing" is better imo) in E, and for sure "inevitable" is wrong.
But of course in D double "it" does not make sense, and GMAT does not like it. Moreover, "inevitable for historians to reflect" has very strange semantic meaning, not good one.

So, if in E we replace "inevitable" with "inevitably", it will be fine
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2019, 07:03
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whichscore wrote:
The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it
inevitably reflects
the preoccupations of their own time.
(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitable reflect

Could someone explain the role of the verb modifier in the right answer ?


The question above has a typo in alternative E. Here is the proper question:

The record of the past is always incomplete and the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects the preoccupations of their own time.

(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitably reflect

OA: E

I'm not an expert, but in my opinion D is less concise than E. I don't believe it is grammatically wrong. "...it is inevitable... " is an idiom, such as It is possible that... IT doesn't need to have an antecedent in this case.
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Re: The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2019, 09:59
WilliamH wrote:
whichscore wrote:
The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it
inevitably reflects
the preoccupations of their own time.
(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitable reflect

Could someone explain the role of the verb modifier in the right answer ?


The question above has a typo in alternative E.

WilliamH , edited. Thank you.
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The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2019, 10:29
WilliamH wrote:
whichscore wrote:
The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects the preoccupations of their own time.
(A) the historian who writes about it inevitably reflects
(B) the historian writing about it will inevitably reflect
(C) a historian writing about it inevitably reflects
(D) writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect
(E) historians in writing about it inevitably reflect


I'm not an expert, but in my opinion D is less concise than E. I don't believe it is grammatically wrong. "...it is inevitable... " is an idiom, such as It is possible that... IT doesn't need to have an antecedent in this case.

WilliamH , others on the thread also believe as you do, but Option D is grammatically incorrect.
We cannot omit "the" before "writing." As such, we need to situate historians who, IN writing about the past (who, in doing something), inevitably reflect their biases.

Correct because writing is a gerund, the subject (not an option):
The record of the past is always incomplete and THE writing of such a record is difficult.
"The writing" is a gerund, the subject.
Not correct: The record of the past is always incomplete and THE writing about it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect the preoccupations of their own time.
That sentence is a run-on.

The sentence has clauses that are connected without logic or a conjunction.
Clause 1: The record of the past is always incomplete
Clause 2: THE writing about it . . . VERB? The writing about [the record of the past] . . . does what? is what?
Clause 3: It is inevitable for historians to reflect the preoccupations of their time.

Clauses 1 and 3 are full independent clauses that are not connected properly and worse, are interrupted by a gerund (a verbING) that as constructed must be the subject of a different verb.
The following construction might be okay absent any other alternative: (replication of "it" may not be fatal, though I cannot see GMAT allowing such a construction):
The record of the past is always incomplete and IN the writing of it, it is inevitable for historians to reflect the preoccupations of their own time.

Regardless, option E is correct and far superior to D.

Hope that helps.
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The record of the past is always incomplete, and the historian who wri   [#permalink] 14 Jan 2019, 10:29
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