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The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief

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The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief [#permalink]

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The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chiefly for his treatises on motion and gravity. But Newton also conducted experiments secretly for many years based on the arcane theories of alchemy, trying unsuccessfully to transmute common metals into gold and produce rejuvenating elixirs. If the alchemists of the seventeenth century had published the results of their experiments, chemistry in the eighteenth century would have been more advanced than it actually was.

Which one of the following assumptions would allow the conclusion concerning eighteenth-century chemistry to be properly drawn?

(A) Scientific progress is retarded by the reluctance of historians to acknowledge the failures of some of the great scientists.

(B) Advances in science are hastened when reports of experiments, whether successful or not, are available for review by other scientists.

(C) Newton's work on motion and gravity would not have gained wide acceptance if the results of his work in alchemy had also been made public.

(D) Increasing specialization-within the sciences makes it difficult for scientists in one field to understand the principles of other fields.

(E) The seventeenth-century alchemists could have achieved their goals only if their experiments had been subjected to public scrutiny.

#LSAT
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Originally posted by Gmat1008 on 23 Nov 2014, 22:27.
Last edited by broall on 02 Sep 2017, 11:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2014, 22:50
B it is: Advances in science are hastened when reports of experiments, whether successful or not, are available for review by other scientists.-------------> this seems a viable assumption as the argument is contending that progress of chemistry would have been different had those results been published there by assuming that some how those results do speed up the progress of science irrespective of the fact whether those experiments are successful or not
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The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 08:19
The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chiefly for his treatise on motion and gravity. But Newton also conducted experiments secretly for many years based on the arcane theories of alchemy, trying unsuccessfully to transmute common metals into gold and produce rejuvenating elixirs. If the alchemists of the seventeenth century had published the results of their experiments, chemistry in the eighteenth century would have been more advanced that it actually was.

Which one of the following assumptions would allow the conclusion concerning eighteenth-century chemistry to be properly drawn?

(A) Scientific progress is retarded by the reluctance of historians to acknowledge the failures of some of the great scientists.

(B) Advances in science are hastened when reports of experiments, whether successful or not, are available for review by other scientists.

(C) Newton's work on motion and gravity would not have gained wide acceptance if the results of his work in alchemy had also been made public.

(D) Increasing specialization within the sciences makes it difficult for scientists in one field to understand the principles of other fields.

(E) The seventeenth-century alchemists could have achieved their goals only if their experiments had been subjected to public scrutiny.
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 19:05
Looks like B. if experiments (successful or failed) are available to people (or scientists), then people can perform the experiments from the knowledge of the earlier ones.
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 19:25
Should be B..this assumption supports the conclusion.
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2015, 00:52
souvik101990 wrote:
The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chiefly for his treatise on motion and gravity. But Newton also conducted experiments secretly for many years based on the arcane theories of alchemy, trying unsuccessfully to transmute common metals into gold and produce rejuvenating elixirs. If the alchemists of the seventeenth century had published the results of their experiments, chemistry in the eighteenth century would have been more advanced that it actually was.

Which one of the following assumptions would allow the conclusion concerning eighteenth-century chemistry to be properly drawn?

(A) Scientific progress is retarded by the reluctance of historians to acknowledge the failures of some of the great scientists.

(B) Advances in science are hastened when reports of experiments, whether successful or not, are available for review by other scientists.

(C) Newton's work on motion and gravity would not have gained wide acceptance if the results of his work in alchemy had also been made public.

(D) Increasing specialization within the sciences makes it difficult for scientists in one field to understand the principles of other fields.

(E) The seventeenth-century alchemists could have achieved their goals only if their experiments had been subjected to public scrutiny.


The passage initially says that Newton, a 17th century physicist, secretly did some chemistry experiments and those experiments were not successful. Then it JUMPS to the conclusion that had the results of 'their' (17th century physicists) experiments been published, 18th century chemistry would have advanced more.

So, the passage some how links 3 things - Newtons unsuccessful experiments, not published results and advancement of chemistry.

A - Role of historians is not relevant to the passage

B - Correct. This choice links all the 3 things mentioned above. If negated, the conclusion falls apart

C - Newton's work motion and gravity does not impact the final conclusion.

D - specialization is irrelevant to the argument

E - 'goals' of scientists being subject to public scrutiny is outside the purview of this argument
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2015, 22:45
I marked as B which is correct answer . But was pretty confused between B & E.
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 22:37
normally, when reading the question, I skip a part of the sentence beginning with "which" or "on which" or "from which".
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2017, 06:54
Can someone please explain why B is the answer and not E?
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 12:50
I felt this was an easier one if I think of the other LSAT CR questions I have seen :). Reasoning below:

The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chiefly for his treatises on motion and gravity. But Newton also conducted experiments
secretly for many years based on the arcane theories of alchemy, trying unsuccessfully to transmute common metals into gold and produce rejuvenating
elixirs. If the alchemists of the seventeenth century had published the results of their experiments, chemistry in the eighteenth century would have been
more advanced than it actually was.

Which one of the following assumptions would allow the conclusion concerning eighteenth-century chemistry to be properly drawn?
(A) Scientific progress is retarded by the reluctance of historians to acknowledge the failures of some of the great scientists.- No mention of the role of historians, so OUT
(B) Advances in science are hastened when reports of experiments, whether successful or not, are available for review by other scientists. I have highlighted 'trying unsuccessfully' and 'alchemists...published' - basically he was trying to replicate or repeat their work unsuccessfully. So if alchemists had chronicled their findings it would have helped Newton
(C) Newton's work on motion and gravity would not have gained wide acceptance if the results of his work in alchemy had also been made public. Irrelevant
(D) Increasing specialization-within the sciences makes it difficult for scientists in one field to understand the principles of other fields.No mention of it anywhere
(E) The seventeenth-century alchemists could have achieved their goals only if their experiments had been subjected to public scrutiny.How do we conclude this statement? so OUT
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief [#permalink]

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Padminiprasad9 wrote:
Can someone please explain why B is the answer and not E?

The author concludes that "if the alchemists of the seventeenth century had published the results of their experiments, chemistry in the eighteenth century would have been more advanced than it actually was." We need an answer choice that explains why publishing those results would have advanced chemistry in the eighteenth century.

Quote:
(E) The seventeenth-century alchemists could have achieved their goals only if their experiments had been subjected to public scrutiny.

Choice (E) suggests that alchemy could have been more advanced if the alchemists of the seventeenth century had published the results of their experiments. But we need to explain why publishing the results of alchemy experiments might have benefited the field of chemistry. Choice (E) is not relevant to the author's conclusion and can be eliminated.

Quote:
(B) Advances in science are hastened when reports of experiments, whether successful or not, are available for review by other scientists.

We know that Newton conducted alchemy experiments in secret. The author concludes that publishing the results of such experiments would have contributed to the field of chemistry. But is this a logical conclusion, even if those experiments were unsuccessful?

Choice (B) explains that publishing the results of such experiments WOULD have hastened advances in science (i.e. chemistry), even if the experiments were not successful. Thus, publishing the results of unsuccessful alchemy experiments, such as those conducted in secret by Newton, would have advanced the field of chemistry.

This explains the author's conclusion, so choice (B) is the best answer.
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief [#permalink]

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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2017, 02:18
Gmat1008 wrote:
The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chiefly for his treatises on motion and gravity. But Newton also conducted experiments secretly for many years based on the arcane theories of alchemy, trying unsuccessfully to transmute common metals into gold and produce rejuvenating elixirs. If the alchemists of the seventeenth century had published the results of their experiments, chemistry in the eighteenth century would have been more advanced than it actually was.

Which one of the following assumptions would allow the conclusion concerning eighteenth-century chemistry to be properly drawn?

(A) Scientific progress is retarded by the reluctance of historians to acknowledge the failures of some of the great scientists.

(B) Advances in science are hastened when reports of experiments, whether successful or not, are available for review by other scientists.

(C) Newton's work on motion and gravity would not have gained wide acceptance if the results of his work in alchemy had also been made public.

(D) Increasing specialization-within the sciences makes it difficult for scientists in one field to understand the principles of other fields.

(E) The seventeenth-century alchemists could have achieved their goals only if their experiments had been subjected to public scrutiny.

#LSAT


The argument concludes that eighteenth century chemistry would have been more advanced than it was if seventeenth century alchemists would have published the results of their experiments. Why? We're told that there were seventeenth century alchemists (of whom Newton is listed as an example) who conducted experiments. We're not told that any of these alchemists' experiments were successful, just that they had conducted some unsuccessful experiments.

We're asked to find a link that would ensure the argument's conclusion is properly drawn. Answer choice (B) builds a bridge between publishing experiments (successful or not) and advances in science. One can speculate as to why publicizing unsuccessful experiments would have advanced science, though it's not needed based on the argument. For example, if Newton had published his unsuccessful, maybe there would have been less alchemists trying to conduct the same experiments who could have then been working on new approaches that would have led to advances in science. The reason why is really not important for this argument.

Incorrect Answers

(A) does not address the lack of publication of scientific research. The reluctance of historians to acknowledge the failures of great scientists is irrelevant. The important thing is whether the publication of research would have led to advances in science.
(C) undermines the conclusion by suggesting that Newton's important science would have been questioned if he had published his less credible research.
(D) is out of scope. The argument never mentions increasing specialization in science.
(E) places a requirement on the success of alchemists but does nothing to ensure the advance of science.
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Re: The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chief   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2017, 02:18
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