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The simple facts are these: the number of people killed each year by

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The simple facts are these: the number of people killed each year by  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 07:59
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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

88% (01:39) correct 12% (02:28) wrong based on 67 sessions

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The simple facts are these: the number of people killed each year by grizzly bears is about the same as the number of people killed by lightning on golf courses. And the number of people killed by lightning on golf courses each year is about the same as the number of people electrocuted by electric blenders. All the horrible myths and gruesome stories aside, therefore, a grizzly bear is in fact about as dangerous as an electric blender or a game of golf.

Which one of the following, if true, would most effectively undermine the author’s argument?

(A) Although the number of people killed by lightning on golf courses each year is very small, the total number of lightning fatalities is many times greater.
(B) Electric blenders are among the safest household appliances; were the author to compare fatalities from electrical appliances in general, she would get a much higher figure.
(C) Most people would rather take their chances with blenders and golf games than with grizzly bears.
(D) Bears in general—including black, brown, and cinnamon bears, as well as grizzly bears—kill many more people than do electric blenders.
(E) Statistics show that the number of times people use electric blenders each year exceeds the number of times people play golf each year, which in turn far exceeds the number of contacts people have with grizzly bears each year.

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Re: The simple facts are these: the number of people killed each year by  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 11:44
nguyendinhtuong wrote:
The simple facts are these: the number of people killed each year by grizzly bears is about the same as the number of people killed by lightning on golf courses. And the number of people killed by lightning on golf courses each year is about the same as the number of people electrocuted by electric blenders. All the horrible myths and gruesome stories aside, therefore, a grizzly bear is in fact about as dangerous as an electric blender or a game of golf.

Which one of the following, if true, would most effectively undermine the author’s argument?

(A) Although the number of people killed by lightning on golf courses each year is very small, the total number of lightning fatalities is many times greater.
(B) Electric blenders are among the safest household appliances; were the author to compare fatalities from electrical appliances in general, she would get a much higher figure.
(C) Most people would rather take their chances with blenders and golf games than with grizzly bears.
(D) Bears in general—including black, brown, and cinnamon bears, as well as grizzly bears—kill many more people than do electric blenders.
(E) Statistics show that the number of times people use electric blenders each year exceeds the number of times people play golf each year, which in turn far exceeds the number of contacts people have with grizzly bears each year.


Its E

E says :
use of electric blender = let it be 100 times--
people playing golf = 50
grizzly bear attack = 10
but no. of fatalities is same ..let say 10 in all cases
if we compare the Probability : 0.1 , 0.2 , 1 respectively
so G B A > Playing G > EB

so it weaken the argument that all three are equally dangerous ...
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Re: The simple facts are these: the number of people killed each year by  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2017, 05:26
The argument is saying:

# of People killed by GB = # of People killed by lightning on Golf Courses = # of People killed by Blenders

So, the conclusion is GB is as dangerous as Golf Courses or Blenders.

Author is assuming the amount of quantity used in each case is the same. Let's break this.

Option E clearly says Blenders are used in very big quantity than Golf Courses, which in turn are used more than GB. Hence, A weakener.

(A) Although the number of people killed by lightning on golf courses each year is very small, the total number of lightning fatalities is many times greater. : We need to compare GB with others. No comparison here, so incorrect
(B) Electric blenders are among the safest household appliances; were the author to compare fatalities from electrical appliances in general, she would get a much higher figure. Same as A.
(C) Most people would rather take their chances with blenders and golf games than with grizzly bears. : What people would do is irrelevant as it is not telling us which is more dangerous.
(D) Bears in general—including black, brown, and cinnamon bears, as well as grizzly bears—kill many more people than do electric blenders. : Bears other than GB are OFS.
(E) Statistics show that the number of times people use electric blenders each year exceeds the number of times people play golf each year, which in turn far exceeds the number of contacts people have with grizzly bears each year. Correct, for the reasons outlined above.
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Re: The simple facts are these: the number of people killed each year by &nbs [#permalink] 01 May 2017, 05:26
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