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The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of S

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The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of S  [#permalink]

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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 412, Date: 25-Oct-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of Schiller is Aesthetics, and before passing any remarks on his treatment of the subject it will be useful to offer a few observations on the nature of this topic, and on its treatment by the philosophical spirit of different ages.

First, then, aesthetics has for its object the vast realm of the beautiful, and it may be most adequately defined as the philosophy of art or of the fine arts. To some this definition may seem arbitrary, as excluding the beautiful in nature, but it will cease to appear so if it is remarked that the beauty which is the work of art is higher than natural beauty because it is the offspring of the mind. Moreover, if, in conformity with a certain school of modern philosophy, the mind be viewed as the true being, including all in itself, it must be admitted that beauty is only truly beautiful when it shares in the nature of mind, and is mind's offspring.

Viewed in this light, the beauty of nature is only a reflection of the beauty of the mind, only an imperfect beauty, which as to its essence is included in that of the mind. Nor has it ever entered into the mind of any thinker to develop the beautiful in natural objects, so as to convert it into a science and a system. The field of natural beauty is too uncertain and too fluctuating for this purpose. Moreover, the relation of beauty in nature and beauty in art forms a part of the science of aesthetics, and finds again its proper place.


Q1) According to the passage, why is natural beauty considered inferior to man-made beauty?

A. It is not clearly understood by man
B. It is an imperfect beauty
C. It is not a creation of the human mind
D. It is too uncertain
E. It does not have a tangible form



Q2) Which of the following can be inferred about Schiller from the passage?

A. He considered natural beauty inferior to man-made beauty
B. A majority of his works are related to aesthetics
C. He lived at the same time as several other great philosophers
D. His work was more concerned with beauty that was the offspring of the mind
E. He was against excluding natural beauty from the realm of Aesthetics



Q3) Which of the following CANNOT be inferred from the passage?

A. Aesthetics is in some way related to beauty
B. An object is not truly beautiful if it is not a creation of the mind
C. Some people have disputed the non-inclusion of natural beauty in Aesthetics
D. It‘s uncertain nature is not the reason why thinkers have not attempted to convert natural beauty into science
E. A school of philosophy believes that mind is the true being



Q4) Which of the following assertions is best supported by the information in the passage?

A. There has been controversy amongst philosophers over the issue of including natural beauty in the realm of philosophy
B. Natural beauty is not a reflection of beauty of the mind
C. The relation between man-made art and natural beauty is part of the science of aesthetics
D. Natural beauty finds no mention in the study of Aesthetics
E. Natural beauty is permanent in nature


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Originally posted by GmatWizard on 14 Nov 2018, 07:23.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 25 Oct 2019, 08:18, edited 2 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (1108).
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Re: The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of S  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 06:02

Topic and Purpose


The passage starts by defining aesthetics as concerned with beauty but limits its scope to man-made objects of beauty only. The rest of the passage explains the relevance of limiting the scope of aesthetics in this manner.

Passage Map


Paras1 introduces aesthetics and Schiller
Para 2 provides the scope of aesthetics (as defined by philosophers over the ages) and limits it to man-made objects of beauty
Para 3 attempts to justify why it is correct to leave out natural beauty from the realm of aesthetics
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Re: The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of S  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2018, 03:25

Official Answers and Explanations

Q1) According to the passage, why is natural beauty considered inferior to man-made beauty?
A. It is not clearly understood by man
B. It is an imperfect beauty
C. It is not a creation of the human mind
D. It is too uncertain
E. It does not have a tangible form
The 2nd para of the passage states that man-made art is superior to natural art because it is a creation of the human mind. Hence (C) should be the answer.
A – The passage never states this
B – True but this is so because it is not a creation of the human mind
D – True again but this is mentioned with reference to why it has not been converted into a science or system
E – The passage never states this

Q2) Which of the following can be inferred about Schiller from the passage?
A. He considered natural beauty inferior to man-made beauty
B. A majority of his works are related to aesthetics
C. He lived at the same time as several other great philosophers
D. His work was more concerned with beauty that was the offspring of the mind
E. He was against excluding natural beauty from the realm of AestheticsThe passage mentions Schiller only in the first line and ‗greater part‘ is the same as ‗majority‘, so the correct answer should be (B).
A – This is true for philosophers in general but may or may not be true for Schiller
C – The passage never states this
D – Again true for other philosophers but may or may not be true for Schiller
E – The passage never states this

Q3) Which of the following CANNOT be inferred from the passage?
A. Aesthetics is in some way related to beauty
B. An object is not truly beautiful if it is not a creation of the mind
C. Some people have disputed the non-inclusion of natural beauty in Aesthetics
D. It’s uncertain nature is not the reason why thinkers have not attempted to convert natural beauty into science
E. A school of philosophy believes that mind is the true being
The 3rd para of the passage clearly states that the uncertain and fluctuating nature of natural beauty is the reason thinkers have not attempted to convert it into a science.
Hence (D) cannot be inferred from the passage and is the correct answer.
A – This can be easily inferred from the passage
B – The passage states this in the 2nd para
C – The passage states that some people find the non–inclusion of natural beauty in aesthetics arbitrary
E – This can be inferred from the 2nd para as well

Q4) Which of the following assertions is best supported by the information in the passage?
A. There has been controversy amongst philosophers over the issue of including natural beauty in the realm of philosophy
B. Natural beauty is not a reflection of beauty of the mind
C. The relation between man-made art and natural beauty is part of the science of aesthetics
D. Natural beauty finds no mention in the study of Aesthetics
E. Natural beauty is permanent in nature(C) best summarises the last line of the passage and is the correct answer.
A – The passage mentions no such controversy
B – The 3rd para states the opposite
D – Incorrect, since the interrelation of natural and man-made beauty is a part of aesthetics
E – Opposite. The 3rd para states that natural beauty is ‗too uncertain and fluctuating‘

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Re: The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of S  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2019, 08:18
+1 Kudos to posts containing answer explanation of all questions
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The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of S  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2019, 05:12
1
Took 7 min and got all 4 right.
Q1.
A. not mentioned
B. tempting but incorrect, author doesn't say anything thing about man-made beauty being perfect
C. CORRECT. “it is remarked that the beauty which is the work of art is higher than natural beauty because it is the offspring of the mind”
D. also tempting since it’s mentioned in the passage. But that natural beauty is uncertain is the reason why thinkers have attempted to convert it into a system. It doesn’t explain why natural beauty is inferior to man-made beauty.
E. not mentioned
Q2.
The only thing we know about Schiller is “The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of Schiller is Aesthetics “, hence B (greater part = majority)
Q3.
A. Clearly incorrect
B. Incorrect. “it must be admitted that beauty is only truly beautiful when it shares in the nature of mind, and is mind's offspring.”
C. Incorrect. “To some this definition may seem arbitrary, as excluding the beautiful in nature”
D. CORRECT, Uncertain nature IS the reason
E. incorrect. “in conformity with a certain school of modern philosophy, the mind be viewed as the true being”
Q4.
A. tricky, the passage is concerned with realm of the beautiful, not realm of philosophy
B. Incorrect. “the beauty of nature is only a reflection of the beauty of the mind”
C. CORRECT, “the relation of beauty in nature and beauty in art forms a part of the science of aesthetics”
D. Clearly incorrect
E. not mentioned
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The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of S   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2019, 05:12

The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of S

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