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# The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2011, 22:16
I go with E..enhancing and preparing is parallel..are geared for "sports medicine programs" and them is perfectly fine as it modifies the noun (athletes) close to it..

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 17:17
their is a possessive pronoun and can refer to possessive noun.

Is there any split btw geared towards/geared to?

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2011, 03:38
hey

If I were to re word it... Athletes ' performance and athletes ' preparation ( Choice C )

Their is possessive pronoun .. so certainty refers to athletes ' ....

So why is this not PARALLEL ?

Kindly explain

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2011, 11:21
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

E is the best choice.

Subject is plural, hence A and B are out.
C and D do not have clear referent for pronoun "them" and "their" since athletes' is in possessive case.

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2011, 12:56
Hey

still not clear.. their is a possessive pronoun so it certainly refers to athletes '... so why this treatment ?

Guys explain !

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2011, 23:10
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Expert's post
Priyanka2011 wrote:
hey

If I were to re word it... Athletes ' performance and athletes ' preparation ( Choice C )

Their is possessive pronoun .. so certainty refers to athletes ' ....

So why is this not PARALLEL ?

Kindly explain

Responding to a pm:

Look at the main sentence (remove the modifiers, bring it down to essentials)
The programs are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation for international competition.

The programs can enhance performance of the athletes but they cannot enhance the preparation of the athletes. The programs can prepare the athletes for international competition. Focus on the meaning.
Hence the parallel elements have to be 'enhancing the performance of athletes' and 'preparing them'
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2011, 07:54
I marked B HOW I COULD HAVE BEEN SO WRONG !!!

anyways thanks for the explanations ....
I think my mind has stopped working
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2011, 14:05

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2013, 03:19
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2014, 09:24
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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

A. is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation
B. is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them
C. are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation
D. are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them
E. are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2014, 09:25
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2014, 12:02
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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

"Programs" is the subject so plural verbs.

A. is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation
B. is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

C. are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation
gear towards -> aim at. gear towards should be used

D. are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them
Not parallel entities

E. are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them
Possessive pronouns can refer to the subject nouns - perfect
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Last edited by kinjiGC on 10 Aug 2014, 01:21, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2014, 22:49
kinjiGC wrote:
C. are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation
athletes' is a possessive form and cannot refer to the subject pronoun
[/b]

"their" is not subject pronouns but possessive pronoun, and it can clearly refer to athletes'.
although some argued that "their" has antecedent ambiguity bcz it can refer to "programs" as well, but I don't think that's the case bcz it is in parallel structure, and grammatically it must be parallel with "athletes'"

According to Stacey Koprince option C contains idiom error. but I found in Dictionary that Gear to/gear forward have similar meaning.
geared toward= aimed at

Last edited by bb61 on 09 Aug 2014, 22:55, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2014, 22:53
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kingiGC wrote : are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation
athletes' is a possessive form and cannot refer to the subject pronoun

this interpretation is not correct . "their" can very well refer to "athletes"

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2014, 01:22
bb61 wrote:
kinjiGC wrote:
C. are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation
athletes' is a possessive form and cannot refer to the subject pronoun
[/b]

"their" is not subject pronouns but possessive pronoun, and it can clearly refer to athletes'.
although some argued that "their" has antecedent ambiguity bcz it can refer to "programs" as well, but I don't think that's the case bcz it is in parallel structure, and grammatically it must be parallel with "athletes'"

According to Stacey Koprince option C contains idiom error. but I found in Dictionary that Gear to/gear forward have similar meaning.
geared toward= aimed at

Quote:
kingiGC wrote : are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation
athletes' is a possessive form and cannot refer to the subject pronoun

this interpretation is not correct . "their" can very well refer to "athletes"

Thanks for pointing it out. Corrected the mistake and will keep in mind going forward.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2014, 09:38
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Just focus on analyzing only 2 answer choices C and E to eliminate one and get the correct one. Basically, gear to and gear toward are the same (at least, I think so :D). So it is not solid to eliminate the answer choices by solely relying on the difference between them.

PiyushK wrote:
C. are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

The main short version of this sentence: The Sports Medicine Programs are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation for international competition.

1/ Clearly, no issue with pronoun "their" - it can perfectly refer to the possessive form athletes'.
2/ However, making "athletes' performance" parallel to "their preparation for international competition" changes the intended meaning of the sentence.
How? - In this choice, the Sports Medicine Programs are geared to enhance two things: athletes' performance and their preparation for international competition, meaning that only preparation for international competition is enhance = The Programs may not help athletes be prepared/ready for international competition.

PiyushK wrote:
D. are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

Short version of this sentence: The Sports Medicine Programs are geared are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them for international competition.

In this choice, the Programs are geared to do two things: to enhance athletes' performance and to prepare them for international competition. Setting enhance athletes' performance parallel to prepare them for international competition makes meaning parallel and logic: Yes, this Sports Medicine Programs do aim to enhance performance and prepare athletes for big competition - not just their preparation (as in C)

Hope it's clear!
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2014, 19:59
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2014, 22:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2014, 03:14
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

Quick question - isnt " Sports Medicine Programs" a proper noun as all of them have initial letter in upper case? In that case , "IS" should be used. Isnt "B" the correct answer in that case? Pls clarify as I have read that proper nouns are always singular?

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2014, 20:47
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Expert's post
buddyisraelgmat wrote:
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

Quick question - isnt " Sports Medicine Programs" a proper noun as all of them have initial letter in upper case? In that case , "IS" should be used. Isnt "B" the correct answer in that case? Pls clarify as I have read that proper nouns are always singular?

When the plural form is used, the word is taken as plural. Here we are talking about 'Programs' so we must use 'are'. We would take it as singular if it is explicitly used with a singular verb in the non-underlined part.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2014, 20:47

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