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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2017, 06:14
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"Enhance athletes performance" is wrong diction. It should be "athletes' performance" with an apostrophe. In addition, "them" refers to the programs rather than the athletes as already pointed out.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 23:47
mikemcgarry wrote:
nahid78 wrote:
Hello. mikemcgarry,
Another one...
I was hesitating between C and E.
I couldn't find meaning differences between them, and picked C. As I found it concise.
Why is C wrong?

Thanks again.... and again... :)

Dear nahid78,

I'm happy to respond. :-) Here's the question with (C) & (E).

The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

C) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

E) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them


Part of this is the parallelism and part of this is the idiom.

In the original, notice there are two actions
(1) enhancing athletes' performance
(2) their preparation
The prompt does not do a good job of presenting those two in parallel. Choice (E) does an excellent job of putting them in parallel, whereas (C) changes their relationship--in (C), the action of "enhancing" applies to both parts, "athletes' performance and their preparation." This is a small change to the meaning.

Also, when the verb "gear" is used metaphorically, it idiomatically takes the preposition "toward." The construction "geared toward" sounds natural, whereas the construction "geared to" sounds awkward. I want to emphasize that this is an idiom that appears relatively infrequently--one might take 100 GMATs in a row and never see a question involving this particular idiom.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)


Dear Mike,
I have a doubt in C. I think 'their' is properly referring to athletes here as possessive pronoun can refer to possessive noun. Please confirm.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 17:27
anje29 wrote:
Dear Mike,
I have a doubt in C. I think 'their' is properly referring to athletes here as possessive pronoun can refer to possessive noun. Please confirm.

Dear anje29,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Yes, the possessive pronoun "their" has, as its antecedent, the possessive noun "athletes'." Usually, possessive nouns can't be antecedents, but they can be antecedents of possessive pronouns.

Mike :-)
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 07:48
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The sports medicine programs of the Olympic Training Centre is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) ....
b) is geared to enhance performance of athletes and to prepare them.
c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation.
d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them.
e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 12:57
I am very confused.
There is a rule that complex and simple gerund phrases are never parallel.

I thought that 'enhancing the performance' is a complex gerund, and 'preparing them' is a simple form of it. Isn't that true?

Can you explain please?
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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 14:53
maria14ac wrote:
I am very confused.
There is a rule that complex and simple gerund phrases are never parallel.

I thought that 'enhancing the performance' is a complex gerund, and 'preparing them' is a simple form of it. Isn't that true?

Can you explain please?




Hello maria14ac,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

The very basic principle of parallelism is that those elements make a parallel list that has the same role in a sentence.


Now, the rule says that a conventional noun entity CANNOT be parallel to a verb-ing form of the noun (commonly known as gerund). The reason is that a conventional noun denotes a person, place, or thing. But a gerund denotes an action.


However, this is not the case we find in Choice E of this official sentence.

Choice E says: XYZ are geared toward
    enhancing the performance of athletes and
    preparing them for international competition


Both the entities are gerunds and hence, are parallel. There being gerunds is enough to make them parallel.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2017, 14:53

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