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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2017, 06:14
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"Enhance athletes performance" is wrong diction. It should be "athletes' performance" with an apostrophe. In addition, "them" refers to the programs rather than the athletes as already pointed out.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 23:47
mikemcgarry wrote:
nahid78 wrote:
Hello. mikemcgarry,
Another one...
I was hesitating between C and E.
I couldn't find meaning differences between them, and picked C. As I found it concise.
Why is C wrong?

Thanks again.... and again... :)

Dear nahid78,

I'm happy to respond. :-) Here's the question with (C) & (E).

The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

C) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

E) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them


Part of this is the parallelism and part of this is the idiom.

In the original, notice there are two actions
(1) enhancing athletes' performance
(2) their preparation
The prompt does not do a good job of presenting those two in parallel. Choice (E) does an excellent job of putting them in parallel, whereas (C) changes their relationship--in (C), the action of "enhancing" applies to both parts, "athletes' performance and their preparation." This is a small change to the meaning.

Also, when the verb "gear" is used metaphorically, it idiomatically takes the preposition "toward." The construction "geared toward" sounds natural, whereas the construction "geared to" sounds awkward. I want to emphasize that this is an idiom that appears relatively infrequently--one might take 100 GMATs in a row and never see a question involving this particular idiom.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)


Dear Mike,
I have a doubt in C. I think 'their' is properly referring to athletes here as possessive pronoun can refer to possessive noun. Please confirm.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 17:27
anje29 wrote:
Dear Mike,
I have a doubt in C. I think 'their' is properly referring to athletes here as possessive pronoun can refer to possessive noun. Please confirm.

Dear anje29,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Yes, the possessive pronoun "their" has, as its antecedent, the possessive noun "athletes'." Usually, possessive nouns can't be antecedents, but they can be antecedents of possessive pronouns.

Mike :-)
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 07:48
1
The sports medicine programs of the Olympic Training Centre is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) ....
b) is geared to enhance performance of athletes and to prepare them.
c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation.
d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them.
e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 12:57
I am very confused.
There is a rule that complex and simple gerund phrases are never parallel.

I thought that 'enhancing the performance' is a complex gerund, and 'preparing them' is a simple form of it. Isn't that true?

Can you explain please?
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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 14:53
maria14ac wrote:
I am very confused.
There is a rule that complex and simple gerund phrases are never parallel.

I thought that 'enhancing the performance' is a complex gerund, and 'preparing them' is a simple form of it. Isn't that true?

Can you explain please?




Hello maria14ac,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

The very basic principle of parallelism is that those elements make a parallel list that has the same role in a sentence.


Now, the rule says that a conventional noun entity CANNOT be parallel to a verb-ing form of the noun (commonly known as gerund). The reason is that a conventional noun denotes a person, place, or thing. But a gerund denotes an action.


However, this is not the case we find in Choice E of this official sentence.

Choice E says: XYZ are geared toward
    enhancing the performance of athletes and
    preparing them for international competition


Both the entities are gerunds and hence, are parallel. There being gerunds is enough to make them parallel.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 06:38
mikemcgarry wrote:
nahid78 wrote:
Hello. mikemcgarry,
Another one...
I was hesitating between C and E.
I couldn't find meaning differences between them, and picked C. As I found it concise.
Why is C wrong?

Thanks again.... and again... :)

Dear nahid78,

I'm happy to respond. :-) Here's the question with (C) & (E).

The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

C) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

E) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them


Part of this is the parallelism and part of this is the idiom.

In the original, notice there are two actions
(1) enhancing athletes' performance
(2) their preparation
The prompt does not do a good job of presenting those two in parallel. Choice (E) does an excellent job of putting them in parallel, whereas (C) changes their relationship--in (C), the action of "enhancing" applies to both parts, "athletes' performance and their preparation." This is a small change to the meaning.

Also, when the verb "gear" is used metaphorically, it idiomatically takes the preposition "toward." The construction "geared toward" sounds natural, whereas the construction "geared to" sounds awkward. I want to emphasize that this is an idiom that appears relatively infrequently--one might take 100 GMATs in a row and never see a question involving this particular idiom.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)


Dear mikemcgarry,
I seem to encounter a problem regarding the noun "Special Training Programs". Although i know that programs is a plural, on a deeper look, I observed that the first letter of the 3 words start with a capital. Special Training Programs. This means that "Special Training Programs" is a singular noun. So I moved on to options A and B. Please clarify. I need your help in this.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 14:00
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

(A) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

(B) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

(C) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

(D) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

(E) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them



Correct Answer E.

The Sports Medicine Programs.....are - SV agreement

enhancing......and preparing - Parallelism


Thanks,
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2018, 02:35
Split: is / are.
Here is the subject is "The Sports Medicine Programs" which is plural. So, we should use are.

(A) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation - Incorrect SV agreement

(B) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them - Incorrect SV agreement

(C) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation - parallelism problem

(D) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them - parallelism problem

(E) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them -
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2018, 06:33
VeritasKarishma wrote:
Priyanka2011 wrote:
hey


If I were to re word it... Athletes ' performance and athletes ' preparation ( Choice C )

Their is possessive pronoun .. so certainty refers to athletes ' ....

So why is this not PARALLEL ?

Kindly explain


Responding to a pm:

Look at the main sentence (remove the modifiers, bring it down to essentials)
The programs are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation for international competition.

The programs can enhance performance of the athletes but they cannot enhance the preparation of the athletes. The programs can prepare the athletes for international competition. Focus on the meaning.
Hence the parallel elements have to be 'enhancing the performance of athletes' and 'preparing them'


why (C) is wrong? I think it is grammatically correct. how does (c) changes meaning?

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2019, 05:39
daagh
Since there is apostrophe in C how it is wrong ?
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2019, 06:48
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Quote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

(C) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

(E) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them


The programs do two things
1, enhancing the performance
2. preparing the athletes.

Both of them separate issues as signified in choice E.
However, C deviates from this perception

C says -- The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation for international competition.

1. The Sports Medicine Programs are geared (to enhance athletes' performance)
2. and The Sports Medicine Programs are geared their preparation.

Therefore, when read with the non-underlined part, the second part doesn't make sense.

You can also parse the same sentence in another way.

1. The Sports Medicine Programs are geared to enhance (athletes' performance)
2. and The Sports Medicine Programs are geared to enhance their preparation ---Here enhancing their preparation is not correct.

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2019, 13:50
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

(A) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation - SV agreement error: The Sports Medicine Programs... is?

(B) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them - SV agreement error: The Sports Medicine Programs... is?

(C) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation - "their" can't refer to athletes, because it's not in the sentence!

(D) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them - "them" can't refer to athletes

(E) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them - Correct!


Answer is E
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center,  [#permalink]

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center,   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2019, 10:10

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