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# The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal

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The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2009, 00:57
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003
Practice Question
Question No.: SC 22
Page: 656

The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved

(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by souvik101990 on 18 Oct 2017, 15:52, edited 4 times in total.

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2009, 09:18
skim wrote:
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.
(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

A

use of idiom....'Not X... but Y'

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2009, 10:12
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skim wrote:
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.
(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

C for me. Not spring...but evolved is idiomatic. In A, Not in a flash of inspiration...but evolved is not parallel.

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2009, 03:59
C. Other options are not maintaining parallelism.
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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2009, 05:59
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After search I found that choices are different in the question:

original wrote:
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works

A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved

still the OA is C.
sc-og-verbal-review-27469.html#p184319
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Last edited by sudeep on 22 Jul 2009, 06:28, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2009, 23:06
Not X but Y,
X and Y should be parallel

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2010, 09:16
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hasham222 wrote:
skim wrote:
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.
(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

A

use of idiom....'Not X... but Y'

A is not para||. not in flash .... but <in missing>
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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2010, 11:13
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hey SudiptoGmat
I like the way you nailed it.

C best answer did not spring (simple past) .....but evolved (simple past) .

SudiptoGmat wrote:
hasham222 wrote:
skim wrote:
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.
(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

A

use of idiom....'Not X... but Y'

A is not para||. not in flash .... but <in missing>

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2010, 14:46
C is correct...

lesson to be learnt.....refresh refresh...idioms need to maintain parallel structures...

'Not in X but in Y'

Thanks

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 07:39
I struggled between A and C but luckily remebered the idiom and picked C.

C for me.

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 09:26
seekmba wrote:
I struggled between A and C but luckily remebered the idiom and picked C.

C for me.

I go with C ..
[Reveal] Spoiler:

just checking howto use spoiler
reg

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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15 May 2011, 11:24
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2012, 20:29
I picked C for this question:

The most important concept in this question is parallelism. The parallelism begins after the relative pronoun "that."

A. In this answer choice, parallelism is broken because we are comparing a prepositional phrase to a verb phrase.

The parallelism for this answer choice looks like this:

That his inventions typically spring to life not:
-in a flash of inspiration
BUT:
-evolved slowly from previous works

From the above split, you can see why these 2 are not parallel. The first part is a prepositional phrase and the second is a verb phrase.

B. Again, parallelism is broken here. "Were slowly evolved" makes no sense.

C. This is the correct answer.

The parallelism for this answer choice looks like this:

That his inventions typically:
-did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration
BUT:
-evolved slowly from previous works

From the above split, you can see why these 2 are parallel. The first part is a verb followed by a prepositional phrase and the same can be said for the second part.

D. The past perfect verb tense is incorrect.

E. We are comparing a verb+prepositional phrase to a clause. Therefore, parallelism is broken.

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2012, 06:16
pkmme wrote:
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved

C.. can you share the source and the OA?

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2012, 06:49
pkmme wrote:
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved

For me the answer is C. Got it in 87secs. Wats the correct answer and what is the source?
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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2012, 06:55
C imo
construction Not X but Y correctly used.
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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2012, 08:39
d)did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved

what is wrong with option d

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2012, 11:34
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In D, the use of past perfect 'had evolved' to describe the nature of a phenomenon is erroneous. The springing and evolving are concurrent happenings and so there is no need to sequence them as one before the other. That is why D loses
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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2012, 13:34
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This question tests parallelism. Indeed most of the wrong answers can be eliminated simply because of lack of parallelism (see below).

The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

'Not in a Noun Phrase but in a Noun Phrase' is violated by the use of the verb 'evolved.'

(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

Same problem as in (A), but this time because of 'were slowly evolved.'

(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

'Did not 'Verb Phrase + Prepositional Phrase but 'Verb Phrase + PP' is maintained here. The Answer.

(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved

The use of past perfect, 'had...evolved' is unnecessary.

(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

Use of the passive construction, 'were slowly evolved' invalidates this answer choice.

Hope that helps
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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2012, 12:39
But if we need to maintain parallelism, spring is just in base form where as evolved is past tense . Can someone please explain this?

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Re: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2012, 12:39

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