quantum wrote:
Theater M has 25 rows with 27 seats in each row. How many of the seats were occupied during a certain show?
(1) During the show, there was an average (arithmetic mean) of 10 unoccupied seats per row for the front 20 rows.
(2) During the show, there was an average (arithmetic mean) of 20 unoccupied seats per row for the back 15 rows.
(1) It is given that the front 20 rows had a total of (20)(10) unoccupied seats. Therefore, the front 20 rows had a total of (20)(27) – (20)(10) = (20)(27 – 10) = 340 occupied seats. However, nothing is known about the occupancy of the seats in back 5 rows; NOT sufficient.
(2) It is given that the back 15 rows had a total of (15)(20) unoccupied seats. Therefore, the back 15 rows had a total of (15)(27) – (15)(20) = (15)(27 – 20) = 105 occupied seats. However, nothing is known about the occupancy of the seats in front 10 rows; NOT sufficient.
Given (1) and (2) together, it is possible to vary the number of occupied seats in rows 11 through 20—the rows that belong to both the front 20 rows and the back 15 rows—to obtain different values for the total number of occupied seats. For example, suppose that rows 1 through 12 were fully occupied, row 13 had 16 occupied seats, rows 14 through 21 were unoccupied, row 22 had 24 occupied seats, row 23 had 11 occupied seats, and rows 24 and 25 were unoccupied. Then the front 20 rows would have (12)(27) + 16 = 340 occupied seats, the back 15 rows would have (2)(27) + 16 + 24 + 11= 105 occupied seats, and there would be a total of 340 + 24 + 11 = 375 occupied seats. On the other hand, suppose that row 1 was unoccupied, rows 2 through 13 were fully occupied, row 14 had 16 occupied seats, rows 15 through 24 were unoccupied, and row 25 had 8 occupied seats. Then the front 20 rows would have (12)(27) + 16 = 340 occupied seats, the back 15 rows would have (3)(27) + 16 + 8 = 105 occupied seats, and there would be a total of (12)(27) + 16 + 8 = 348 occupied seats; NOT sufficient.
The correct answer is E;
both statements together are still not sufficient.