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There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”

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There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2019, 04:29
1
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:25) correct 48% (01:21) wrong based on 195 sessions

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There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,” a procedure that allows voters to propose and pass laws, as well as to repeal them.

(A) allows voters to propose and pass laws, as well as to repeal them
(B) allows voters to propose, pass, and to repeal laws
(C) allows voters to propose, to pass, and repeal laws
(D) will allow the voter to propose, pass, as well as to repeal laws
(E) will allow laws to be proposed, passed, as well as repealed by voters

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Re: There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2019, 23:54
Is the option E incorrect because of the use of possessive form of the verbs?
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Re: There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2019, 05:23
Hi Abhinav, logically speaking, propose and pass the laws is one unit (since one would logically propose a law and then pass it) while repealing is another unit.

Hence, the correct grouping is:

i) to propose and pass laws
ii) to repeal them

Even if you thought A and E didn't have any meaning difference, E is in passive voice. Everything else remaining the same, one should prefer active voice over passive voice.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Active and Passive voice, its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2019, 23:10
There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,” a procedure that allows voters to propose and pass laws, as well as to repeal them.

Quote:
(A) allows voters to propose and pass laws, as well as to repeal them

Only choice without any parallelism error. CORRECT
Quote:
(B) allows voters to propose, pass, and to repeal laws

either "to propose, to pass and to repeal laws" is the correct usage or "to propose, pass and repeal" is the correct usage. So this choice is also ELIMINATED.
Quote:
(C) allows voters to propose, to pass, and repeal laws

to propose, to pass and to repeal....is the correct parallel structure. ELIMINATED
Quote:
(D) will allow the voter to propose, pass, as well as to repeal laws

demand is growing for the procedure. Demand for a procedure will grow if there is some applicability of the procedure already. It is not possible that based on the futuristic outcome of the procedure now the demand is growing. So options which use "will" can comfortably be ELIMINATED
Quote:
(E) will allow laws to be proposed, passed, as well as repealed by voters

same error as in option D. So ELIMINATED

OPTION: A
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Re: There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2019, 03:35
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abhinavthapa57 wrote:
Is the option E incorrect because of the use of possessive form of the verbs?


I'd add here that "as well as" is not a synonym for "and." That's why (A) works - the "and" construction completes with "the procedure allows voters to propose and pass laws" and then "as well as" is used to tack on a new thought to the end of the sentence.

(E) Is trying to use "as well as" in direct place of "and" and that's not a proper usage of that phrase. "As well as" sets apart an item as different from / unequal to the others (like "the Golden State Warriors have built their team around great shooters in Steph Curry and Klay Thompson, as well as players like Draymond Green who create unique mismatches" - here Steph and Klay are the shooters, and the bit about Draymond is an attached separate and related but unequal thought)

The GMAT error you see a lot is using "as well as" to complete a list of three items (as in (E) here) and because "as well as" doesn't ascribe equality to the term it applies to it can't be used in that fashion to complete a list. So that's another actionable error in both (D) and (E).
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There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2019, 04:29
Isn't them in option A ambiguous?

Though logically "them" refers to laws.

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Re: There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2019, 04:59
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susmitha2110 wrote:
Isn't them in option A ambiguous?

Though logically "them" refers to laws.

Posted from my mobile device


Yeah, good question. I'm a pretty huge advocate for "don't use pronoun ambiguity as a primary decision point unless it's obviously ambiguous." The mere presence of multiple plural nouns doesn't make "them" ambiguous, so if you're on a mission to find pronoun ambiguity you'll over diagnose it quite a bit.

Here note that there are really two plural nouns: voters and laws. But look at the verb that acts on "them" - it's "repeal" and the subject of that is already set for that as "voters." So if "them" were to refer to "voters" it would be "voters can repeal voters" which 1) is weird and 2) because it's an action upon oneself the pronoun really should be "themselves."

The big headline for me - pronoun ambiguity shouldn't ever be your initial decision point. I have that on a list with redundancy as a handful of decision points that aren't as cut-and-dry as, say, illogical verb tenses or improper singular/plural agreement, so you shouldn't prioritize pronoun ambiguity or redundancy because you'll just see them in lots of places where they're not a problem. We talk about that in this video on the Veritas Prep YouTube Channel if you're interested: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_P8SQQ0gA8Y The aim there is that your greatest asset on Sentence Correction is that you get to prioritize the order in which you make decisions, and some decisions are a whole lot clearer than others.
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Re: There is growing demand in the state for “initiative and referendum,”   [#permalink] 21 Mar 2019, 04:59
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