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Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, th

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Re: Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, th [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2016, 13:30
PrijitDebnath wrote:
Hello Mike, if the usage of "including" is correct here, then why does Manhattan explanation say that it is dangling. I think that is the question that sleepysnowy wanted to clarify.

thangvietnam, you seem to have a valid point about a plural noun before "including". However, here, the "family" is plural (because it has many members), but is "collective noun" and these collective nouns are singular. So, that I think, is the reason for confusion.

Dear PrijitDebnath,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

Here's (A):
A) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, the tomato is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, and was once thought to be poisonous itself as a result.

I would say the phrase "including belladona" in this particular sentence is certainly far from ideal. I certainly see the argument that it could have multiple referents, and anything ambiguous on the GMAT is wrong. I would say a bigger problem in this choice is the funky parallelism: "eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless."

I will repeat that "including" can modify a singular noun if that noun is an abstract idea:
....psychology, including Freudian & Jungian models, ...
... religion, including Confucianism, ...
... democracy, including a constitutional republic design, ...


Mike :-)
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Re: Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, th [#permalink]

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Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, the tomato is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, and was once thought to be poisonous itself as a result.
Major problem is parallelism between eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless in A, B, C & E
SO D is answer

Apart from this C & E has meaning issue
C fails to show the contrast by removing though
D conveys the contrast the other way around even though it is harmless in place of Though now eaten
in A & B poisonous itself doesn't sound okay
Hence its D again


A) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, the tomato is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, and was once thought to be poisonous itself as a result.
B) The tomato, though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, which includes belladonna, and it was therefore once thought to be poisonous itself.
C) Once thought to be poisonous itself, the tomato is harmless and now eaten in large quantities around the world, and is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna.
D) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and known to be harmless, the tomato was once considered poisonous because it is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, which includes belladonna.
E) A member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, the tomato was once considered poisonous even though it is harmless and now eaten in large quantities around the world.

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Re: Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, th [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 14:58
sleepysnowy wrote:
Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, the tomato is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, and was once thought to be poisonous itself as a result.

A) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, the tomato is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, and was once thought to be poisonous itself as a result.

B) The tomato, though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, which includes belladonna, and it was therefore once thought to be poisonous itself.

C) Once thought to be poisonous itself, the tomato is harmless and now eaten in large quantities around the world, and is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna.

D) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and known to be harmless, the tomato was once considered poisonous because it is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, which includes belladonna.

E) A member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, the tomato was once considered poisonous even though it is harmless and now eaten in large quantities around the world.



[Reveal] Spoiler:
what I don't understand is the explanation for the "including belladonna"
(C) The phrase "including belladonna" does not properly modify anything.
(A) Moreover, "including belladonna" is incorrect left dangling. It should be "which includes belladonna."
(E)The phrase "including belladonna" does not properly modify anything.
Why is it dangling? Is it a verb-modifier or noun modifier?
If it's a noun modifier, then "including belladonna" directly modifies the noun next to it which is the"nightshade family" ---makes perfect sense.

I'm having trouble trying to distinguish btw verb modifiers & noun modifiers, can anyone help me on that?



A) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, the tomato is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, and was once thought to be poisonous itself as a result.

B) The tomato, though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, which includes belladonna, and it was therefore once thought to be poisonous itself.

C) Once thought to be poisonous itself, the tomato is harmless and now eaten in large quantities around the world, and is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna.

D) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and known to be harmless, the tomato was once considered poisonous because it is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, which includes belladonna.

E) A member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, the tomato was once considered poisonous even though it is harmless and now eaten in large quantities around the world.

Was stuck between C and D, chose D

In D which is correctly referring to nightshade family

Hence, Answer is D
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Re: Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, th [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 00:39
sleepysnowy wrote:
Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, the tomato is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, and was once thought to be poisonous itself as a result.

(A) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, the tomato is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, and was once thought to be poisonous itself as a result.

(B) The tomato, though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, which includes belladonna, and it was therefore once thought to be poisonous itself.

(C) Once thought to be poisonous itself, the tomato is harmless and now eaten in large quantities around the world, and is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna.

(D) Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and known to be harmless, the tomato was once considered poisonous because it is a member of the generally toxic nightshade family, which includes belladonna.

(E) A member of the generally toxic nightshade family, including belladonna, the tomato was once considered poisonous even though it is harmless and now eaten in large quantities around the world.


The original sentence contains a lot of clauses in a confusing order. We need to find an answer choice that rephrases the sentence in a clear and concise manner. Also, the phrase "though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless" contains two elements that are not parallel. Moreover, "including belladonna" is incorrect left dangling. It should be "which includes belladonna." Finally, "itself" could refer either to "tomato" or to "belladonna".

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The pronoun "it" is ambiguous as it could refer either to "the nightshade family" or "belladonna" or "tomato." Additionally, the phrase "though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless" contains two elements that are not parallel.

(C) The phrase "including belladonna" does not properly modify anything.

(D) CORRECT. The opening phrase contains the two parallel elements "eaten in large quantities . . ." and "known to be harmless." The phrase "which includes belladonna" correctly modifies the "nightshade family." Finally, the pronoun "it" unambiguously refers to the tomato.

(E) The phrase "including belladonna" does not properly modify anything.
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Re: Though now eaten in large quantities around the world and harmless, th   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2017, 00:39

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