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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with [#permalink]
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise.

(A) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

nothing in parallel to and raising
no verb for lawsuits

(B) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
subject verb agreement error

(C) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise
subject verb agreement error

(D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

two verbs running into each other

(E) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

correct verb


So on subject verb itself we were able to tackle the long question
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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with [#permalink]
Will2020 wrote:
Srav wrote:
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise.

(A) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

(B) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

(C) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

(D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

(E) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

E. This dense sentence includes several verbs, making its structure difficult to follow. The key is the verb “raise” (or “raising” or “raises”) about halfway through the sentence – that verb belongs to the lawsuits, as the point of the sentence is that “three lawsuits raise disturbing questions”. In choice A, the verb “raising” is incorrect for two reasons: one, it logically doesn’t make sense that the investment firm would both release the fraudulent documents and raise the disturbing questions about fraud. Two, without an active verb “raise” belonging to the lawsuits, the sentence doesn’t have a subject and verb. As written, choice A only modifies the lawsuit…it never introduces a verb for the subject. In B and C, the verb “raises” is singular, but the subject “three lawsuits” is plural. And in choice D, the active verb “charge” leaves the verb “raise” without a subject (stripped down it reads “lawsuits charge a firm with releasing documents raise” – the verb “raise” is left alone). Choice E, which commits none of these errors, is correct – but watch out for the unique appositive phrase at the end, a classic GMAT technique of hiding the right answer behind an unfamiliar sentence structure.


GMATNinja karishma

In answer choice E, "Three federal lawsuits charging a prominent investment firm..", the subject - lawsuits - shouldn't be followed by that? Is not a meaning issue here? Lawsuits charging? Can a lawsuit charge someone? That's odd.

In D, the final part "...how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise" is ok (meaning)? Shouldn't it be "...how to control fraudulent behavior that appears to be on the rise in the financial services industry"

Many Tks! :)


I am not GMATNinja or Karishma, but I believe I can help!

For your first question the meaning is okay. The charging is meant to describe what the lawsuits are about - in this case they are about the fraud of this one firm. The usage of that, imo, is not necessary in this case.

You are correct that, in a vacuum, the meaning is correct. The financial service industry can be described to be "on the rise". All this means is that the financial service industry is growing (more revenues, more market share, etc). However, in the context of this sentence this meaning is incorrect. The question that is raised from the lawsuit is about the fraudulent behaviour of firms within the financial services industry. It is not so much that the industry itself is on the rise, but that the fraudulent behaviour is. So because of the misplaced "that", answer choice D is incorrect.

Hope that helps!
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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with [#permalink]
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