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To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le

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To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Dec 2018, 08:42
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A
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D
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87% (01:25) correct 13% (01:41) wrong based on 751 sessions

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Project CR Butler:Day 28:Critical Reasoning (CR1)


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To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-level government officials from accepting positions as lobbyists for three years after such officials leave government service. One such official concluded, however, that such a prohibition would be unfortunate because it would prevent high-level government officials from earning a livelihood for three years.

The official’s conclusion logically depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Laws should not restrict the behavior of former government officials.

(B) Lobbyists are typically people who have previously been high-level government officials.

(C) Low-level government officials do not often become lobbyists when they leave government service.

(D) High-level government officials who leave government service are capable of earning a livelihood only as lobbyists.

(E) High-level government officials who leave government service are currently permitted to act as lobbyists for only three years.
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 8
Page: 500

Originally posted by xmagedo on 25 Jun 2010, 06:08.
Last edited by gmat1393 on 03 Dec 2018, 08:42, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2010, 07:41
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I think the answer is D.

The first statement proposes this idea: High level government officials can't take up jobs as lobbyists for three years after leaving the service.

Counter argument: This would render them jobless.

So if you put these two statements together, what do you think the meaning conveyed is? The fact that prevention of these high level officials from taking up a lobbyist position for three years would render them jobless.

What is the underlying tone saying? That they don't have any other livelihood source.

Now look at the options:

A. This is not even directly related to the statement - Wrong
B. This is partially true and can be confusing, but by saying lobbyists were previously high level officials, it's not really saying that all high level officials were only lobbyists. They might have had other opportunities. - Wrong
C. Talking about low level officials doesn't prove anything to us since our argument is based on what these high level officials do or don't do once they leave the government - Wrong
D. This is the most relevant answer. It says high level officials can only become lobbyists after leaving the service. The argument in question says the new rule will render these officials jobless. It matches up. - Correct (But let's look at the last option just in case)
E. This doesn't make any logical sense either. If they're only permitted to act as lobbyists for three years, what's the point of bringing the new rule? In either case, this doesn't serve to be the assumption for the argument the official proposed. - Wrong

Hope this helps.
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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2010, 07:43
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IMO "D".

If the conclusion is that P leads to C , then the assumption will be that C cant be achieved throuh any other mean.

So the conclusion in our problem that high level officials will be prevented from earning a livelihood for 3 years, our assumption will be that there is no other mean to earn a livelihood (for a gov official) other than being a lobbyist. Hence "D".
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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2010, 08:02
A. Laws should not restrict the behavior of former government officials.
--This piece of information is not supporting the conclusion. The argument is not about the behavior of the government officials. Hence A cannot be correct answer choice.

B. Lobbyists are typically people who have previously been high-level government officials.
-- This has been already stated in premise. It cannot be an assumption. Hence B is not a correct answer choice.

C. Low-level government officials do not often become lobbyists when they leave government service.
--Discussion is about high-level officials. This piece of information is irrelevant to the author's conclusion. Hence C cannot be correct answer choice.

D. High-level government officials who leave government service are capable of earning a livelihood only as lobbyists.
--If this piece of information is true, then and then only author will be able to reach to his conclusion. Hence D is a correct answer choice.


One such official concluded, however,
since high-level officials who leave government service are capable of earning a livelihood only as lobbyists, such a prohibition would be unfortunate because it would prevent high-level government officials from earning a livelihood for three years.


E. High-level government officials who leave government service are currently permitted to act as lobbyists for only three years.
--This information is stated in premise. Hence it cannot be an assumption. Hence E is a not a correct answer choice.

Please let us the know the OA. Thank You.

Thanks,
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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2010, 21:32
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IMO D :)
@xmagedo : You can easily check it out by negating the options. Once you negate option D. i.e lobbying is not the only source of livelihood for High Govt Officials, the argument falls apart.
I hope, it helps.

@Akhil: Once again, nice and descriptive explanation by you. Well Done !!
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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2010, 04:16
thanks for the help guys
but IS there anyway I can find out the answer without writing the argument on a rugh paper?
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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2016, 07:34
can someone help me solve this via the Negation technique?
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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2016, 07:47
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paidlukkha wrote:
can someone help me solve this via the Negation technique?


Conclusion : Such a prohibition would be unfortunate because it would prevent high-level government officials from earning a livelihood for three years.

=> It assumes that being a lobbyists is the ONLY way to earn a livelihood.

Negation Technique for Choice D :

Lets say we say High-level government officials who leave government service are capable of earning a livelihood in some other way as well. This would mean official conclusion is shattered as there is some other way to earn the livelihood. Hence, if negating a statement shatters the conclusion, it is the Best choice for the assumption. Hence answer is D.
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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le  [#permalink]

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Re: To prevent some conflicts of interest, Congress could prohibit high-le   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2018, 05:46
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