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# To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat

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Manager
Joined: 14 Jul 2014
Posts: 86
Location: India
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GMAT 1: 620 Q41 V34
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2018, 23:50
2
WillGetIt wrote:
To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick, Corporation X implemented a new policy requiring employees to come into work unless they were so sick that they had to go to a doctor. But a year after the policy was implemented, a study found that Corporation X's overall productivity losses due to reported employee illnesses had increased.

Which of the following, if true, world best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?

(A) After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick

(B) Before the policy was implemented, employees who were not sick at all often called in sick

(C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers

(D) Unusually few employees became genuinely sick during the year after the policy was implemented

(E) There are many other factors besides employee illness that can adversely affect productivity

Sickness Policy

Step 1: Identify the Question

The question asks you to explain why a policy produced the reverse of its intended effect so this is an Explain the Discrepancy question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

Sick à prod loss

New pol: Work unless Dr.

Result: More prod loss

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

On Discrepancy questions, your goal is to find a piece of information that makes the results described in the argument less surprising. It often helps to restate exactly what is surprising in the argument in your own words. A policy designed to reduce productivity loss due to sickness—requiring employees to work unless they went to the doctor—actually resulted in more productivity losses. Why would this happen?

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) This information cannot explain why productivity losses actually increased after the policy. Even if every employee who previously stayed home sick chose to visit the doctor once the new policy was in place, productivity loss should remain unchanged.

(B) This answer actually makes the finding more surprising. If many employees who were not sick previously called in sick, productivity should have increased with the new policy (because they would no longer have been able to call in sick).

(C) CORRECT. Someone can be sick enough to infect other people without being sick enough to go to the doctor. Previously, those employees would have called in sick. If they now have to come to work, then they may infect many others, so that more employees get sick and miss work in the future. This information could explain the decrease in productivity under the new policy.

(D) This information makes the finding more surprising. If few employees were sick, productivity should have increased (the intended effect of the plan).

(E) The argument specifically states that productivity losses due to employee illness increased after the policy was implemented. Other causes of lost productivity are not relevant to this argument.

Dear WillGetIt,

The question in the argument needs to be corrected.
It mentions : Which of the following, if true, world best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?
It should mention: Which of the following, if true, would best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?
Kindly do the needful.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2864
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GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2018, 19:58
HimanshuW11 wrote:

Dear WillGetIt,

The question in the argument needs to be corrected.
It mentions : Which of the following, if true, world best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?
It should mention: Which of the following, if true, would best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?
Kindly do the needful.

Fixed! Thank you for pointing out the typo, HimanshuW11. Always appreciated.
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GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2864
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2018, 20:00
HimanshuW11 wrote:

Dear WillGetIt,

The question in the argument needs to be corrected.
It mentions : Which of the following, if true, world best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?
It should mention: Which of the following, if true, would best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?
Kindly do the needful.

Fixed! Thank you for pointing out the typo, HimanshuW11.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: SC & CR Fundamentals | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset | Series 3: Word Problem Bootcamp + Next-Level SC & CR

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
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Joined: 17 Oct 2018
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To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2019, 01:32
To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick, Corporation X implemented a new policy requiring employees to come into work unless they were so sick that they had to go to a doctor. But a year after the policy was implemented, a study found that Corporation X's overall productivity losses due to reported employee illnesses had increased.

Which of the following, if true, would best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?

(A) After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick

(B) Before the policy was implemented, employees who were not sick at all often called in sick

(C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers

(D) Unusually few employees became genuinely sick during the year after the policy was implemented

(E) There are many other factors besides employee illness that can adversely affect productivity

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Conclusion - as the new policy implemented, the productivity of losses has increased due to employ illness
By POE

A.) if employees more frequently reporting to doctor-- then the productivity may have been remain constant or released-- so eliminated
B.) i dont care the situation before the policy-- and even it doesnt explains the apparent discrepency-- so eliminated
C.) Hold on sounds convincing -- if employees were called in sick without consulting doctors then disease may spread to other employees also-- therefore the productivity losses is increased
D.) irrelevant -- why do we need to consider the genuinety or attributes of employee-- so eliminated
E.) out of scope--i dont even care about other factors influencing productivity-- so eliminated

so finally the answer is option D
To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2019, 01:32

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