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To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat

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To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick, Corporation X implemented a new policy requiring employees to come into work unless they were so sick that they had to go to a doctor. But a year after the policy was implemented, a study found that Corporation X's overall productivity losses due to reported employee illnesses had increased.

Which of the following, if true, would best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?

(A) After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick

(B) Before the policy was implemented, employees who were not sick at all often called in sick

(C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers

(D) Unusually few employees became genuinely sick during the year after the policy was implemented

(E) There are many other factors besides employee illness that can adversely affect productivity

Sickness Policy

Step 1: Identify the Question

The question asks you to explain why a policy produced the reverse of its intended effect so this is an Explain the Discrepancy question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

Sick à prod loss

New pol: Work unless Dr.

Result: More prod loss

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

On Discrepancy questions, your goal is to find a piece of information that makes the results described in the argument less surprising. It often helps to restate exactly what is surprising in the argument in your own words. A policy designed to reduce productivity loss due to sickness—requiring employees to work unless they went to the doctor—actually resulted in more productivity losses. Why would this happen?

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) This information cannot explain why productivity losses actually increased after the policy. Even if every employee who previously stayed home sick chose to visit the doctor once the new policy was in place, productivity loss should remain unchanged.

(B) This answer actually makes the finding more surprising. If many employees who were not sick previously called in sick, productivity should have increased with the new policy (because they would no longer have been able to call in sick).

(C) CORRECT. Someone can be sick enough to infect other people without being sick enough to go to the doctor. Previously, those employees would have called in sick. If they now have to come to work, then they may infect many others, so that more employees get sick and miss work in the future. This information could explain the decrease in productivity under the new policy.

(D) This information makes the finding more surprising. If few employees were sick, productivity should have increased (the intended effect of the plan).

(E) The argument specifically states that productivity losses due to employee illness increased after the policy was implemented. Other causes of lost productivity are not relevant to this argument.

Originally posted by WillGetIt on 28 Jun 2015, 08:18.
Last edited by GMATNinja on 06 Sep 2018, 18:57, edited 4 times in total.
fixed typos
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2015, 13:06
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To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick, Corporation X implemented a new policy requiring employees to come into work unless they were so sick that they had to go to a doctor. But a year after the policy was implemented, a study found that Corporation X's overall productivity losses due to reported employee illnesses had increased.

Which of the following, if true, would best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?

(A) After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick.
(B) Before the policy was implemented, employees who were not sick at all often called in sick.
(C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers.
(D) Unusually few employees became genuinely sick during the year after the policy was implemented.
(E) There are many other factors besides employee illness that can adversely affect productivity.


Type: Explain
Boil It Down: Stricter standards to limit absence, but absences went up
Missing Information: A reason why a stricter policy would have had the opposite effect
Goal: Find the option that delivers why absences would have increased.
Analysis: In explain questions, it's ALWAYS a great idea to come up with a really simple, common sense theory that could explain the mystery. The new policy states that employees should come to work unless they visit with a doctor, but taking the time to explore or confirm an illness with a doctor takes time in and of itself. One likely scenario is that because of the policy there's an even greater risk of catching a cold if people don't feel like bothering to go to a doctor and decide to just show up at work sick.


A) This is the runner up option by a landslide. If people are spending more time going to the doctors' then that could explain why attendance would have fallen, BUT this option still doesn't really put the the issue to rest. Just because people who were sick were more likely to see a doctor, they were still sick and presumably would have missed work anyhow under the prior policy. There's no real clear explanation as to why absences would have risen with this option.

B) This is a 180 in that it would appear to explain why there should have been a reduction in absence after the policy was instituted.

C) If sick employees are more likely to "tough it out" by going to work when sick, they could infect their coworkers and cause a bigger hit to productivity. This option totally explains it.

D) This option intensifies the mystery if few employees got sick the year after the new policy. I'm left scratching my head again with a bigger mystery at hand with this option.

E) This option is genuinely outside of the focus of the discussion. The issue here is about the effect of illness on productivity, not an evaluation of sources of impact on productivity in general. Gone.
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2015, 14:47
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vinnisatija wrote:
I was confused between A and C.

Doesn't A address the premise more aptly ??


Hello vinnisatija

(A) After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick.
So let's imagine that in previous year 100 people were sick
And in this year 100 people was sick and went to the doctor during the sickness.
The same 100 people sick so why productivity is dropped?

(C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers.
This answer gives us a reason why number of sick people increased: because sick people continue to going n work and spread viruses in workplace.
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2015, 09:51
Company incurs productivity loss because employee's call sick

Therefore implemented new rules

But this back fired and more productivity loss occured due increased sickness cases among employees.



lets use POE here


A) There is no mention of Expense for Doctor Visit is covered by company - Ruled Out

B) This should be a strengthening case - Ruled Out

C) This seems close , as sick people infect others there might be point here - Might be a reason

D) This could be a paradox - Ruled Out

E) The Arguement concerns only losses due to sick leaves - Ruled Out


Therefore The Best Fit is C.

However I have a doubt whether 700 -Level question can be this straight forward !
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2015, 12:38
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vikasbansal227 wrote:
To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporation X implemented a new policy requiring
employees to come into work unless they were so sick that they had to go to a doctor. But a year after the
policy was implemented, a study found that Corporation X's overall productivity losses due to reported
employee illnesses had increased.

Which of the following, if true, world best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?

A) Alter the policy was implemented. employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick

B) Before the policy was implemented, employees who were not sick at all often called in sick

C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers

D) Unusually few employees became genuinely sick during the year after the policy was implemented

E) There are many other factors besides employee illness that can adversely affect productivity


We have two situations: before implenting new policy people can take dayoff if they feel sick or start of sick.
after implenting the policy - people can't take dayoff until they seroiuosly sick.

If people catch infection and have first simptoms they can't stay at home and should go on the work until the sickness became so serious as to go to doctor.
And on the work such litlle-ill people infect other colleagues.
Answer C
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2015, 05:38
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To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporation X implemented a new policy requiring employees to come into work unless they were so sick that they had to go to a doctor. But a year after the policy was implemented, a study found that Corporation X's overall productivity losses due to reported employee illnesses had increased.

Premise : Corp X implemented a policy that employees need to come to work unless they are so sick that they have to go to the doctor.
Intended result : The employee who are mildly sick will be able to contribute to the work and productivity wouldn't get affected much.
Actual Result : The productivity decreased.


Which of the following, if true, world best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?

A) After the policy was implemented. employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick
This option doesn't explain how the actual result is observed. This option is as per the intended result as when the employee are very sick they have to go to doctor.

B) Before the policy was implemented, employees who were not sick at all often called in sick
This policy doesn't explain the actual result as per this option the intended result should happen as the corporation make the employee work till they have to go to the doctor and the productivity should remain same as much as possible.

C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers
This is the option which explains that actual result as employee who are mildly sick often infect the other employee and in turn the infection spreads and carrier and last infected would have to go to the doctor effecting the productivity of the corporation - Hence Correct

D) Unusually few employees became genuinely sick during the year after the policy was implemented
This should result into intended result.

E) There are many other factors besides employee illness that can adversely affect productivity
This is out of scope as this option is not talking about explaining the actual result.
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2015, 00:01
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why is option A incorrect? if we employ prethinking, we can consider a scenario wherein employees deliberately go to doctor even if they are not that sick, thereby leveraging the policy that u can avoid work if u visit the doctor?..this could be the case and A exactly says that, employees went to doctor more often therby resulting in decrease productivity....
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2015, 01:06
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raj44 wrote:
why is option A incorrect? if we employ prethinking, we can consider a scenario wherein employees deliberately go to doctor even if they are not that sick, thereby leveraging the policy that u can avoid work if u visit the doctor?..this could be the case and A exactly says that, employees went to doctor more often therby resulting in decrease productivity....


After the policy was implemented. employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick
raj44 The option A says that the employees have started visiting the doctor more frequently.

This simply implies that the people have started going to the doctor more frequently. (Not more number of people are going to the doctor)
Before the policy, they might have taken the leave without going to the doctor, but now in order to take the leave they go to the doctor.
This does not direct us towards an increase in the number of people going to the doctor.

The premise says that the productivity has decreased. This means more people have started going to the doctor and s/he has found new patients :)
This is visible in the option C.

Hence option C is the best option here.

Hope this helps!
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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I was confused between A and C.

Doesn't A address the premise more aptly ??
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2015, 22:40
This one is a bit confusing.

I am having trouble with A and C :

(A) After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick.
(C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers.

The hypothesis is that 'To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick (and hence staying at home)' ---> Company requires them to come to work unless they have to go to a doctor.

So, if employees trick the company by going to the doctor more frequently, the productivity will not be improved. On the other hand, even if employees infect others we can't conclude that productivity will be lost, since there is no stated relation between the extent of infection and the productivity of the employee. For all I care, the employees will come to work and it doesn't affect the overall productivity. So, I chose A.

Can someone explain?
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 02:11
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Pillarsofcreation wrote:
This one is a bit confusing.

I am having trouble with A and C :

(A) After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick.
(C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers.

The hypothesis is that 'To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick (and hence staying at home)' ---> Company requires them to come to work unless they have to go to a doctor.

So, if employees trick the company by going to the doctor more frequently, the productivity will not be improved. On the other hand, even if employees infect others we can't conclude that productivity will be lost, since there is no stated relation between the extent of infection and the productivity of the employee. For all I care, the employees will come to work and it doesn't affect the overall productivity. So, I chose A.

Can someone explain?


Hello Pillarsofcreation

I think we shouldn't think about some employees' tricks.
Before implenting policy people get easy cold and stayed home. New policy banned this possibility and now people can stay home only after they feel really bad and visit a doctor.
So teoretically we should receive increase in productivity because now people with easy illnesses work and not stay home.
But this new policy miss the moment that these people can infect other healthy workers and ultimately this new police cause decrease in productivity.
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 04:43
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notwithstanding wrote:
To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick, Corporation X implemented a new policy requiring employees to come into work unless they were so sick that they had to go to a doctor. But a year after the policy was implemented, a study found that Corporation X's overall productivity losses due to reported employee illnesses had increased.

Which of the following, if true, would best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?

(A) After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick.
(B) Before the policy was implemented, employees who were not sick at all often called in sick.
(C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers.
(D) Unusually few employees became genuinely sick during the year after the policy was implemented.
(E) There are many other factors besides employee illness that can adversely affect productivity.



We have been told that the losses due to increased employee have increased. This points to a paradox that even though
more employees are coming to office but still productivity is reduced. Somehow we have to break this.

Option A - Employees more frequently went to doctor. Nothing has been told about the timings/number of employees.
It can be the case that employees are attending office and after office hours they are visiting a doc.
Also number of employees can reduce also. It can be the case that fewer employees are taking leaves due to illness but the frequency of going to the doc has increased.


Plenty of loopholes

Option C - Bingo !!! This is what we were looking for. As more employees are getting affected its perfectly plausible to assume that more ppl are taking leaves
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2015, 19:03
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vinnisatija wrote:
I was confused between A and C.

Doesn't A address the premise more aptly ??


Hi

I am also confused between A and C, but after I reread the reading material, I know why A is wrong.

we need to explain the reverse of the policy's intended effect,ie, overall productivity loss. And in the material, the writer clearly said that this phenomenon due to increasing reported empoyee illnesses. thus we need to explain why reported employee illnesses increase.

As for option A, employees more frequently went to the doctor not necessarily means that reported employee illnesses increase. Imagining that before the policy was implemented, there were 20 people got sick and they visited doctor once a week. After the policy was implemented, there were also 20 people got sick, and those people visited twice a week. the frequently increase, but the reported illness didn't increase, thus eminiate A

As for option C, if sick employee infect others, then the reported illnesses must increase.

it's a tricky problem about the frequency and the quantity.

Hope it helps :-D
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2015, 17:24
WillGetIt wrote:
To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporation X implemented a new policy requiring
employees to come into work unless they were so sick that they had to go to a doctor. But a year after the
policy was implemented, a study found that Corporation X's overall productivity losses due to reported
employee illnesses had increased.

Which of the following, if true, world best explain why the policy produced the reverse of its intended effect?

A) Alter the policy was implemented. employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick

B) Before the policy was implemented, employees who were not sick at all often called in sick

C) Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers

D) Unusually few employees became genuinely sick during the year after the policy was implemented

E) There are many other factors besides employee illness that can adversely affect productivity


plan implemented → loss due to illness increase

how come asking people who sick go to see a doctor would lead to the loss from illness?
u can see in the passage "a new policy requiring
employees to come into work unless they were so sick"
so probably there are some people who are sick but are not sick enough to see a doctor, so that's why (c) can explain the result.

(a) just irrelevant, because "more people go to see the doctor" does not actually explain why the loss increase.
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2016, 20:44
vinnisatija wrote:
I was confused between A and C.

Doesn't A address the premise more aptly ??


Option A doesn't state that more employees visited the doctor. It says the employees (who previously visited the doctor for sickness) visited more frequently now. There is a subtle difference between the two statements. The answer choices do a good job of throwing you off the track.
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 19:28
The two options that come close are A and C, so let me concentrate on them.

A. After the policy was implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick.
This simply says that the employees go to the doctors more frequently. It does not talk about the number of people who go to the doctor.

C. Employees coming into work when sick often infect many of their coworkers.
Since as per the new rules, the employees had to come to office until they were very sick, the employees might affect other healthy employees too.
This would make the others such too and explain the decrease in productivity.

Correct Option: C
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2016, 02:54
The answer can be reasoned out naturally without reference to the answer choices really. :)
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2018, 03:35
Hi GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma

Would (A) be the OA if it said:
After the policy was implemented, MORE employees made visits to doctor when they fell sick.
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2018, 10:43
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adkikani wrote:
Hi GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma

Would (A) be the OA if it said:
After the policy was implemented, MORE employees made visits to doctor when they fell sick.

Not necessarily. In the past, employees would stay home sick without having to see a doctor. This would result in productivity loss.

After the policy was implemented, perhaps more employees started to see the doctor on their sick days. This would increase the number of employees who visit the doctor without necessarily increasing the total number of sick days or the amount of productivity loss.

This is the same reason why choice (A) is wrong as written.
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Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2018, 07:40
ankurgupta03 wrote:
raj44 wrote:
why is option A incorrect? if we employ prethinking, we can consider a scenario wherein employees deliberately go to doctor even if they are not that sick, thereby leveraging the policy that u can avoid work if u visit the doctor?..this could be the case and A exactly says that, employees went to doctor more often therby resulting in decrease productivity....


After the policy was implemented. employees more frequently went to the doctor when they felt sick
raj44 The option A says that the employees have started visiting the doctor more frequently.

This simply implies that the people have started going to the doctor more frequently. (Not more number of people are going to the doctor)
Before the policy, they might have taken the leave without going to the doctor, but now in order to take the leave they go to the doctor.
This does not direct us towards an increase in the number of people going to the doctor.

The premise says that the productivity has decreased. This means more people have started going to the doctor and s/he has found new patients :)
This is visible in the option C.

Hence option C is the best option here.

Hope this helps!



I have a different view here. Same individual is capable enough to decrease the productivity. It's not necessary that more number of people should have to take the leave.
I think the argument says that people were often taking leave from office if they felt even little-sick but they were not going to the doctor. Now option A says that after the policy is implemented, employees more frequently went to the doctor. These employees can be the same employees who were little-ill and took the leave.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: To reduce productivity losses from employees calling in sick. Corporat &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jun 2018, 07:40

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