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Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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07 Sep 2015, 23:08
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Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies between them on the number line. If \(p_1\) and \(p_2\) are consecutive primes, with \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\), what is the smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\)? (A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 18 (E) 24 Kudos for a correct solution.
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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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07 Sep 2015, 23:31
I didn't really understand the question. Can someone explain it please?
I did however try to get to an answer. For example, the smallest two consecutive prime numbers that have a difference greater than two are 7 and 11. So I guessed that the answer is 12 since its the smallest number that is greater than both the primes  7 and 11.
(12  7)(12  11) ??
Sorry if I'm not making any sense. Waiting for the OA...



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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08 Sep 2015, 01:12
I am also puzzling with this problem. I find no connection between value of x and the end result of the given expression. Is it asking for minimum of both? If so there are 2 answers, 8 and 24, that qualifies with end result of 3.
(87)(811)=3 (2423)(2427)=3



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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08 Sep 2015, 05:43
Bambaruush wrote: I am also puzzling with this problem. I find no connection between value of x and the end result of the given expression. Is it asking for minimum of both? If so there are 2 answers, 8 and 24, that qualifies with end result of 3.
(87)(811)=3 (2423)(2427)=3 Solution: \((xp1)*(xp2) = x^{2}  (p1 + p2) + p1p2\) The absolute coefficient of x is p1+p2. And for this to be minimum and satisfy p1–p2>2, p1 and p2 should be 11 and 7. So,p1+p2 = 18. Option D



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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08 Sep 2015, 08:04
We know that the set of prime numbers is 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, ...
Statement 1: p1 and p2 are consecutive primes, with p1–p2>2 > the first set of two consecutive primes that qualifies is 7 and 11
Statement 2: smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression (x–p1)(x–p2)? > distributed form of (x–p1)(x–p2) > (x7)(x11) > x^2  7x  11x +77 > x^2 18x + 77 > smallest coefficient of the term x is therefore 18



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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08 Sep 2015, 09:34
sanderintelmann wrote: We know that the set of prime numbers is 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, ...
Statement 1: p1 and p2 are consecutive primes, with p1–p2>2 > the first set of two consecutive primes that qualifies is 7 and 11
Statement 2: smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression (x–p1)(x–p2)? > distributed form of (x–p1)(x–p2) > (x7)(x11) > x^2  7x  11x +77 > x^2 18x + 77 > smallest coefficient of the term x is therefore 18 On what basis did you select 7 and 11 as qualified? The criteria of selecting p1 and p2 should be such that the value of p1+ p2 is minimum and p1–p2>2.Then only you get the values as 7 and 11. Can you explain me how you got 7 and 11 before getting into 2nd statement.?



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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08 Sep 2015, 09:55
anudeep133 wrote: sanderintelmann wrote: We know that the set of prime numbers is 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, ...
Statement 1: p1 and p2 are consecutive primes, with p1–p2>2 > the first set of two consecutive primes that qualifies is 7 and 11
Statement 2: smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression (x–p1)(x–p2)? > distributed form of (x–p1)(x–p2) > (x7)(x11) > x^2  7x  11x +77 > x^2 18x + 77 > smallest coefficient of the term x is therefore 18 On what basis did you select 7 and 11 as qualified? The criteria of selecting p1 and p2 should be such that the value of p1+ p2 is minimum and p1–p2>2.Then only you get the values as 7 and 11. Can you explain me how you got 7 and 11 before getting into 2nd statement.? You're right  you cannot evaluate statement 1 without reference to the constraint of "smallest possible absolute value." I went through the below pairs of primes when choosing 7 and 11. Given we are looking for the smallest possible coefficient of x, 7+11=18 is smaller than 13+17=30. P1 P2 P1P2 ABS >2? 2 3 1 No 3 5 2 No 5 7 2 No 7 11 4 Yes 11 13 2 No 13 17 4 Yes



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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08 Sep 2015, 09:59
sanderintelmann wrote: anudeep133 wrote: sanderintelmann wrote: We know that the set of prime numbers is 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, ...
Statement 1: p1 and p2 are consecutive primes, with p1–p2>2 > the first set of two consecutive primes that qualifies is 7 and 11
Statement 2: smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression (x–p1)(x–p2)? > distributed form of (x–p1)(x–p2) > (x7)(x11) > x^2  7x  11x +77 > x^2 18x + 77 > smallest coefficient of the term x is therefore 18 On what basis did you select 7 and 11 as qualified? The criteria of selecting p1 and p2 should be such that the value of p1+ p2 is minimum and p1–p2>2.Then only you get the values as 7 and 11. Can you explain me how you got 7 and 11 before getting into 2nd statement.? You're right  you cannot evaluate statement 1 without reference to the constraint of "smallest possible absolute value." I went through the below pairs of primes when choosing 7 and 11. Given we are looking for the smallest possible coefficient of x, 7+11=18 is smaller than 13+17=30. P1 P2 P1P2 ABS >2? 2 3 1 No 3 5 2 No 5 7 2 No 7 11 4 Yes 11 13 2 No 13 17 4 Yes Its all fine then. It seemed to me that you selected 7,11 before statement 2. What you did is correct. Sry to disturb you



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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08 Sep 2015, 12:50
(x−p1)∗(x−p2)=x2−(p1+p2)x+p1p2
Value of (p1+p2) will be min. for the min consecutive primes which satisfy p1p2>2
So the min. value p1 & p2 can take = 7, 11
p1+p2= 7+11= 18
Ans. D



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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09 Sep 2015, 04:43
Bunuel wrote: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies between them on the number line. If \(p_1\) and \(p_2\) are consecutive primes, with \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\), what is the smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\)?
(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 18 (E) 24
Kudos for a correct solution. Not sure of the answer. Waiting for Bunuel to post solution
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Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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09 Sep 2015, 11:25
Bunuel wrote: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies between them on the number line. If \(p_1\) and \(p_2\) are consecutive primes, with \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\), what is the smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\)?
(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 18 (E) 24
Kudos for a correct solution. Let's solve the expression \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\) first \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\) = \(x^2  (p_1 + p_2)x + (p_1 * p_2)\) Now, Coefficient of x term \([(p_1 + p_2)x] = (p_1 + p_2)\)i.e. We need to calculate the Minimum Absolute value of \((p_1 + p_2)\) which will be possible for MINIMUM values of both \(p_1\) & \(p_2\) But, \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\) i.e. we need to find two consecutive SMALLEST Prime numbers which are separated by more than 2 List of Prime Numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17 ... i.e. \(p_1 = 7\) and \(p_2 = 11\) i.e. Minimum Value of \((p_1 + p_2) = 7+11 = 18\) Answer: option D
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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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09 Sep 2015, 14:27
Bunuel wrote: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies between them on the number line. If \(p_1\) and \(p_2\) are consecutive primes, with \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\), what is the smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\)?
(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 18 (E) 24
Kudos for a correct solution. coefficient of x is (p1+p2). the sum of the smallest prime numbers that are consecutive and also with the condition \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\) are 7,11 first few primes are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19.. out of these 7 and 11 satisfy so D



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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10 Sep 2015, 10:39
Bunuel wrote: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies between them on the number line. If \(p_1\) and \(p_2\) are consecutive primes, with \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\), what is the smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\)?
(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 18 (E) 24
Kudos for a correct solution. Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies between them. So the pairs of these prime numbers can be (2,3) (3,5) (5,7) (7,11) and so on We are also given that difference between two prime numbers should be greater than 2. Now, we are to find the smallest absolute value of coefficient of x in \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\) Distributed for of this expression will be \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\) = \(x^2  p_1x  p_2x + p_1p_2\) = \(x^2  (p_1+ p_2)x + p_1p_2\) the coefficient of x here is \( (p_1+ p_2)\) We want smallest possible value of \( (p_1+ p_2)\) or \((p_1+ p_2)\) Our first such set of \(p_1\) and \(p_2\) according to the above mentioned condition will be (7,11) So, smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term is 7+11 = 18Answer: D



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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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13 Sep 2015, 09:20
Bunuel wrote: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies between them on the number line. If \(p_1\) and \(p_2\) are consecutive primes, with \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\), what is the smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\)?
(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 18 (E) 24
Kudos for a correct solution. MANHATTAN GMAT OFFICIAL SOLUTION:The question seems forbidding, but start by grabbing onto the most concrete part, which comes at the end. Start with distributing \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\). \((x – p_1)(x – p_2) = x^2 – (p_1 + p_2)x + p_1p_2\) All we care about is the coefficient of the x term, which is \(–(p_1 + p_2)\). Specifically, we care about the absolute value of this, which is p_1 + p_2, since primes are by definition positive. So what we are really asked for is the smallest possible value of \(p_1 + p_2\), under two conditions: 1. These two primes are consecutive, meaning that there’s no other prime between them. 2. \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\), meaning that the primes are more than 2 units apart on the number line. In other words, the question really is “what is the smallest possible sum of two consecutive primes that are more than 2 units apart?” Now take the first several primes: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13. The first pair of consecutive primes more than 2 units apart is {7, 11}. Their sum is 18. The correct answer is D.
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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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23 Feb 2019, 10:52
Bunuel wrote: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies between them on the number line. If \(p_1\) and \(p_2\) are consecutive primes, with \(p_1 – p_2 > 2\), what is the smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression \((x – p_1)(x – p_2)\)?
(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 18 (E) 24
We're told that p1 and p2 are CONSECUTIVE primes (no primes in between) We're also told that p1 – p2 > 2, which means the two primes are MORE THAN 2 units away. So, for example, the two primes cannot be 3 and 5, since the two primes are 2 units away. Can two CONSECUTIVE primes be THREE units away? For the primes to be THREE units away, one prime must be EVEN and the other must be ODD Since 2 is the only EVEN prime, the smaller prime must be 2, which means the bigger prime must be 5. HOWEVER, 2 and 5 are not CONSECUTIVE primes, since the prime number 3 lies between 2 and 5 So, we can conclude that two consecutive primes be CANNOT be THREE units away Can two CONSECUTIVE primes be FOUR units away? Let's check some primes that are FOUR units away 3 and 7. No good. They are not CONSECUTIVE since the prime number 5 lies between 3 and 7. 5 and 9. No good. 9 isn't prime. 7 and 11. PERFECT! 7 and 11 are prime, and they're consecutive. So, 7 and 11 are the smallest values for p1 and p2. What is the smallest possible absolute value of the coefficient of the x term in the distributed form of the expression (x – p1)(x – p2)?We can say that p1 = 7, and p2 = 11 We get: (x – p1)(x – p2) = (x – 7)(x – 11) = x²  11x  7x + 77 = x²  18x + 77 The COEFFICIENT of the x term is 18We want to find the smallest possible ABSOLUTE VALUE of the coefficient of the x term So, we want  18, which equals 18 Answer: D Cheers, Brent
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Re: Two prime numbers are considered consecutive if no other prime lies be
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