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Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of t

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Re: Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of t  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 08:25
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pikolo2510 wrote:
hi GMATNinja

Can you let us know your thoughts on Q7?

7. In the last paragraph, the author is primarily concerned with
(A) summarizing the arguments about Nightingale presented in the first two paragraphs
(B) refuting the view of Nightingale's career presented in the preceding paragraph
(C) analyzing the weaknesses of the evidence presented elsewhere in the passage
(D) citing evidence to support a view of Nightingale's career
(E) correcting a factual error occurring in one of the works under review


Hi pikolo2510,

7.In the last paragraph, the author is primarily concerned with

(A) summarizing the arguments about Nightingale presented in the first two paragraphs - The author presents new evidence to support Nightingale's work -- which also was praised in second para but summers in first para tried to debunk Nightingale and stated that her contribution was marginal
(B) refuting the view of Nightingale's career presented in the preceding paragraph - The author does not mention refute Summers' view
(C) analyzing the weaknesses of the evidence presented elsewhere in the passage - No weakness in earlier evidence is mentioned
(D) citing evidence to support a view of Nightingale's career - Correct
(E) correcting a factual error occurring in one of the works under review - The author does not correct any factual errors .

Answer D
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Re: Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of t  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 05:16
talismaaniac wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: RC 73 ~ 79
Page: 344

Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of the famous British nurse Florence Nightingale. A book by Anne Summers seeks to debunk the idealizations and present a reality at odds with Nightingale's heroic reputation. According to Summers Nightingale's importance during the Crimean War has been exaggerated: not until near the war's end did she become supervisor of the female nurses. Additionally, Summers writes that the contribution of the nurses to the relief of the wounded was at best marginal. The prevailing problems of military medicine were caused by army organizational practices, and the addition of a few nurses to the medical staff could be no more than symbolic. Nightingale's place in the national pantheon, Summers asserts, is largely due to the propagandistic efforts of contemporary newspaper reporters.

By contrast, the editors of a new volume of Nightingale's letters view Nightingale as a person who significantly influenced not only her own age but also subsequent generations. They highlight her ongoing efforts to reform sanitary conditions after the war. For example, when she learned that peacetime living conditions in British barracks were so horrible that the death rate of enlisted men far exceeded that of neighboring civilian populations, she succeeded in persuading the government to establish a Royal Commission on the Health of the Army. She used sums raised through public contributions to found a nurses' training hospital in London. Even in administrative matters, the editors assert her practical intelligence was formidable: as recently as 1947 the British Army's medical services were still using the cost-accounting system she had devised in the 1860's.

I believe that the evidence of her letters supports continued respect for Nightingale's brilliance and creativity. When counseling a village schoolmaster to encourage children to use their faculties of observation she sounds like a modern educator. Her insistence on classifying the problems of the needy in order to devise appropriate treatments is similar to the approach of modern social workers. In sum, although Nightingale may not have achieved all other goals during the Crimean War, her breadth of vision and ability to realize ambitious projects have earned her an eminent place among the ranks of social pioneers.
In the last paragraph, the author is primarily concerned with

(A) summarizing the arguments about Nightingale presented in the first two paragraphs
(B) refuting the view of Nightingale's career presented in the preceding paragraph
(C) analyzing the weaknesses of the evidence presented elsewhere in the passage
(D) citing evidence to support a view of Nightingale's career
(E) correcting a factual error occurring in one of the works under review



This question asks you to identify the author's primary concern in the last paragraph of the passage.

The best answer is D. In the last paragraph, the author cites examples of Nightingale's achievements to support the author's conclusion that Nightingale's achievements to support the author's conclusion that Nightingale is worthy of respect and has earned "an eminent place among the ranks of social pioneers".
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Re: Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of t  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2017, 01:34
VeritasPrepRon wrote:
pr90 wrote:
Can someone please explain the strategy to answer question 6 here?


6. Which of the following is an assumption underlying the author's assessment of Nightingale's creativity?
Original:
(A) Educational philosophy in Nightingale's day did not normally emphasize developing children's ability to observe.
(B) Nightingale was the first to notice the poor living conditions in British military barracks in peacetime.
(C) No educator before Nightingale had thought to enlist the help of village schoolmasters in introducing new teaching techniques.
(D) Until Nightingale began her work, there was no concept of organized help for the needy in nineteenth-century Britain.
(E) The British army's medical services had no cost- accounting system until Nightingale devised one in the 1860's.

Hi PR90, there are some good questions in this passage. Since you specifically asked for question 6, let's review how to attack assumption questions. The best strategy is to employ the Assumption Negation Technique, whereby you negate the stated assumptions and discover which cause the entire argument to fall down. If the argument still stands, then the assumption wasn't necessary. This is the best way to evaluate assumptions that all seem reasonable at first glance.

Negated:
A) Educational philosophy in Nightingale's day DID normally emphasize developing children's ability to observe: Negated, this destroys the entire premise that Nightingale had a heightened sense of creativity. In effect, every child already was subjected to what Nightingale proposed, hence her creativity was somewhere between bland and non-existant.
B) Nightingale was NOT the first to notice the poor living conditions in British military barracks in peacetime: Others had noticed before, but no one did anything. Argument still stands.
C) SOME educators before Nightingale had thought to enlist the help of village schoolmasters in introducing new teaching techniques: Some people already had done this, but what techniques? Same as Nightingale? Different techniques? Could easily be true and the argument holds.
D) Until Nightingale began her work, there WAS already the concept of organized help for the needy in ninteenth century Britain: There was a concept but Nightingale expanded upon it, argument still holds.
E) The British army's medical services had AN cost-accounting system until Nightingale designed one in 1860s: They had one, but Nightingale's was better. Same concept as D.

Once you negate all the options, it becomes clear that only A is required for Nightingale's creativity to be praised. The others could be false and her creativity could still be highly lauded. In assumption questions, the wording used can often be more important than how much the assumption strengthens the text. You're looking for the necessary assumption, not the strongest.
Hope this helps!
-Ron


Hey thanks a lot I was really doubtful regarding this anwer
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Re: Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of t  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2018, 11:47
Bob2018 wrote:
15 mins


2 wrong

can someone explain me 6th?

Quote:
6. Which of the following is an assumption underlying the author's assessment of Nightingale's creativity?

(A) Educational philosophy in Nightingale's day did not normally emphasize developing children's ability to observe.
(B) Nightingale was the first to notice the poor living conditions in British military barracks in peacetime.
(C) No educator before Nightingale had thought to enlist the help of village schoolmasters in introducing new teaching techniques.
(D) Until Nightingale began her work, there was no concept of organized help for the needy in nineteenth-century Britain.
(E) The British army's medical services had no cost- accounting system until Nightingale devised one in the 1860's.

In the final paragraph, the author says that Nightingale's letters support respect for her brilliance and creativity. The author then cites the following example: "When counseling a village schoolmaster to encourage children to use their faculties of observation she sounds like a modern educator."

The inference is that Nightingale was promoting an educational philosophy (encouraging children to use their faculties of observation) that was ahead of her time (i.e. a philosophy that would later be adopted by modern educators). If Nightingale came up with this approach on her own, then that would certainly support the idea that she was creative.

However, if educational philosophy in Nightingale's time normally emphasized children's ability to observe, then Nightingale would NOT have been coming up with a creative educational philosophy. Instead, she would have simply been promoting something that had already been created.

Without (A), the evidence does NOT support that Nightingale was creative, so (A) is the best answer.
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New post 13 Aug 2018, 18:52
Could some1 plz explain the answer to Q5? Why is D the correct answer choice?
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New post 25 Aug 2018, 18:43
Blackishmamba wrote:
Could some1 plz explain the answer to Q5? Why is D the correct answer choice?

Are you sure you're clicking into the right OA? The correct answer choice to Q5 is (C).

Quote:
5. With which of the following statements regarding the differing interpretations of Nightingale's importance would the author most likely agree?

In order to answer this question, we need a clear understanding of the different interpretations AND where the author stands.

  • P1 gives us one interpretation by Summers: Nightingale's importance during the Crimean War has been exaggerated, and the contribution of nurses to relieving the wounded in this conflict was marginal at best.
  • P2 gives us a contrasting interpretation drawn from Nightingale's letters: Nightingale had a huge influence on contemporary and future generations, with regards to administration and training.
  • P3 very clearly gives us the author's take: The author accepts P1 and P2, but believes that Nightingale deserves continued respect when the sum of her life's work is considered. The author believes that Nightingale's positive contributions to education and social work far outweigh her lack of accomplishment during the Crimean War.

Now let's take a look at our choices:
Quote:
(A) Summers misunderstood both the importance of Nightingale's achievements during the Crimean War and her subsequent influence on British policy.

This is very tempting, but does the author ever claim that Summers misunderstood these things? No. The author doesn't reject what is presented in P1 and doesn't question Summers' understanding of what Nightingale achieved or didn't achieve during the Crimean War. The author even admits that "Nightingale may not have achieved all other goals during the Crimean War" in P3. Choice (A) mischaracterizes the author's assessment of Summers' argument, so eliminate it.

Quote:
(B) The editors of Nightingale's letters made some valid points about her practical achievements but they still exaggerated her influence on subsequent generations.

Nope. The author definitely accepts "the evidence of her letters," as stated in the first sentence of P3. At no point does the author say that Nightingale's letters exaggerated her influence on subsequent generations. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) Although Summers' account of Nightingale's role in the Crimean War may be accurate, she ignored evidence of Nightingale's subsequent achievement that suggests that her reputation as an eminent social reformer is well deserved.

This is much closer to what we've read. The author does admit that Summers' account may be accurate. But the author also agrees with the importance of Nightingale's subsequent achievement, and the author states that "her breadth of vision and ability to realize ambitious projects have earned her an eminent place among the ranks of social pioneers." (C) is a spot-on match with the structure and language used by the author, so we'll keep it around.

Quote:
(D) The editors of Nightingale's letters mistakenly propagated the outdated idealization of Nightingale that only impedes attempts to arrive at a balanced assessment of her true role.

The author never says that the editors of Nightingale's letters were mistaken, and spends all of P3 explaining why the letters contribute to a more complete picture of Nightingale's accomplishments. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) The evidence of Nightingale's letters supports Summers' conclusions both about Nightingale's activities and about her influence.

This couldn't be further from what the passage tells us. P2 definitely does not support P1. Eliminate (E).

I hope this helps!
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Re: Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of t  [#permalink]

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