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University administrator: Any proposal for a new department will not

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Joined: 30 Jan 2016
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23 Nov 2018, 09:00
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68% (02:14) correct 32% (02:24) wrong based on 190 sessions

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University administrator: Any proposal for a new department will not be funded if there are fewer than 50 people per year available for hire in that field and the proposed department would duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in one of our existing departments. The proposed Area Studies Department will duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in our existing Anthropology Department. However, we will fund the new department.

Which one of the following statements follows logically from the university administrator’s statements?

(A) The field of Area Studies has at least 50 people per year available for hire.
(B) The proposed Area Studies Department would not duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in any existing department other than Anthropology.
(C) If the proposed Area Studies Department did not duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in Anthropology, then the new department would not be funded.
(D) The Anthropology Department duplicates more than 25 percent of the material covered in the proposed Area Studies Department.
(E) The field of Area Studies has fewer than 50 people per year available for hire.

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Non progredi est regredi
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Re: University administrator: Any proposal for a new department will not  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2018, 22:44
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Akela wrote:
University administrator: Any proposal for a new department will not be funded if there are fewer than 50 people per year available for hire in that field and the proposed department would duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in one of our existing departments. The proposed Area Studies Department will duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in our existing Anthropology Department. However, we will fund the new department.

Which one of the following statements follows logically from the university administrator’s statements?

(A) The field of Area Studies has at least 50 people per year available for hire.
(B) The proposed Area Studies Department would not duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in any existing department other than Anthropology.
(C) If the proposed Area Studies Department did not duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in Anthropology, then the new department would not be funded.
(D) The Anthropology Department duplicates more than 25 percent of the material covered in the proposed Area Studies Department.
(E) The field of Area Studies has fewer than 50 people per year available for hire.

Any new dept will NOT be funded if A AND B.
A - fewer than 50 people for hire
B - Duplicate more than 25% stuff of existing dept

A new dept will not be funded if BOTH A and B are satisfied.

Area studies satisfies B. However, we will fund Area Studies. (Since it duplicates more than 25% stuff of another dept, one might expect the admin to not fund the new dept. But the university is funding the new dept. Hence the use of "however")

What does this imply? That A is NOT satisfied. If both A and B had been satisfied, Area studies would not have been funded.
If A is not satisfied, it means there're at least 50 people for hire.

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Karishma
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23 Nov 2018, 11:37
Akela wrote:
University administrator: Any proposal for a new department will not be funded if there are fewer than 50 people per year available for hire in that field and the proposed department would duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in one of our existing departments. The proposed Area Studies Department will duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in our existing Anthropology Department. However, we will fund the new department.

Which one of the following statements follows logically from the university administrator’s statements?

(A) The field of Area Studies has at least 50 people per year available for hire.
(B) The proposed Area Studies Department would not duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in any existing department other than Anthropology.
(C) If the proposed Area Studies Department did not duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in Anthropology, then the new department would not be funded.
(D) The Anthropology Department duplicates more than 25 percent of the material covered in the proposed Area Studies Department.
(E) The field of Area Studies has fewer than 50 people per year available for hire.

Though the solution is straight forward ,i didnot understand the question itself.
What does it mean?
The proposed Area Studies Department will duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in our existing Anthropology Department. However, we will fund the new department.

What is the role of however.
Does it mean in spite of fulfilling one condition only (25 percent copy) we will allow Area studies dept?
should not however be hence then
or does it mean inspite of filling this condition,we will not allow Area study department and will allow some other new department?
Why did they use the word new department instead of Area search dept?
Plz explain
daagh
Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Aug 2017
Posts: 334

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24 Nov 2018, 00:16
Here I would like to raise my hand.

If A and B both are satisfied, no fund to new department.
Means fund will issued only when condition A and Condition B are met.

Given:
Condition B satisfied, but fund still sanctioned.
It will tear apart the premise.
And how can we say that one condition is met and other is not met, but fund was sanctioned for new department.

If this "and" were replaced with "or", argument could be more clear, isn't it?
Manager
Joined: 29 Sep 2016
Posts: 91
Re: University administrator: Any proposal for a new department will not  [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2019, 19:14
Akela wrote:
University administrator: Any proposal for a new department will not be funded if there are fewer than 50 people per year available for hire in that field and the proposed department would duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in one of our existing departments. The proposed Area Studies Department will duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in our existing Anthropology Department. However, we will fund the new department.

Which one of the following statements follows logically from the university administrator’s statements?

(A) The field of Area Studies has at least 50 people per year available for hire.
(B) The proposed Area Studies Department would not duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in any existing department other than Anthropology.
(C) If the proposed Area Studies Department did not duplicate more than 25 percent of the material covered in Anthropology, then the new department would not be funded.
(D) The Anthropology Department duplicates more than 25 percent of the material covered in the proposed Area Studies Department.
(E) The field of Area Studies has fewer than 50 people per year available for hire.

Any new dept will NOT be funded if A AND B.
A - fewer than 50 people for hire
B - Duplicate more than 25% stuff of existing dept

A new dept will not be funded if BOTH A and B are satisfied.

Area studies satisfies B. However, we will fund Area Studies. (Since it duplicates more than 25% stuff of another dept, one might expect the admin to not fund the new dept. But the university is funding the new dept. Hence the use of "however")

What does this imply? That A is NOT satisfied. If both A and B had been satisfied, Area studies would not have been funded.
If A is not satisfied, it means there're at least 50 people for hire.

Hi Karishma,

We have AND condition not OR condition.
We are asked what can be logically followed.

If the admin can deviate condition B(<25% duplicate), it may be having power & authority to deviate condition A(>50% hire) also. Hence we can't logically follow statement A.
Had A been phrased as new deptt. having potential of more than 90% hire, it could have been stronger but still not the best since no limit of deviation is mentioned in the argument.

I see statement D can be logically followed. We can't eliminate D just because it is too simple to logically followed.

Am I missing something.
Re: University administrator: Any proposal for a new department will not   [#permalink] 08 Mar 2019, 19:14
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