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# Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en

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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2008, 01:29
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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.
(A) Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
(B) Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(C) Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
(D) Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(E) Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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29 Jul 2008, 05:05
i will go with E unlike is used to compare nouns and we need possesive pronoun like whose rather than who..!!!

what is OA

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29 Jul 2008, 05:46
A or E, I would probably guess A.

I think it needs to be one of these two because you need the comma before "genetic endowments are the same" to imply that this is the case with all twins. Without the comma it's saying twins who also happen to have the same genetic endowment, which I believe is inaccurate.

Beyond that, I'm not sure if "unlike" or "other than" is more appropriate.

edit: Actually I'm going with E. Unlike doesn't make sense because the next part is "all people" and it's weird to say twins aren't a part of "all people". "Other than" does not bring up this potentially insulting issue!
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29 Jul 2008, 07:10
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aaron22197 wrote:
Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.
(A) Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
(B) Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(C) Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
(D) Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(E) Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

A -- wrong. comparing transplants.. with all patients..
E - wrong.. comparing transplants .. with all patients.
Other than transplants between identical twins,.., all patients..
--> all patients, other than transplants between identical twins,... (wrong)
It should be like this.
all patients, other than identical twins... blah blah...

C is perfect.
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29 Jul 2008, 08:30
OA is C

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28 Aug 2011, 04:32
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siddharthasingh wrote:
wats wrong with B??

Besides changes the intended meaning of the sentence.

"Besides" is used when you must take two or more considerations together.

Besides doing regular exercise, you must also maintain balanced diet to keep healthy.
Means; "Doing regular exercise" should co-exist with the other condition i.e. "eating healthy diet". In other words, besides is kind of supportive word.

What we need is a contrast:

What the sentence is trying to convey:
If the transplants involve identical twins, antirejection drugs are NOT necessary. But, if the transplants involve other patients who are NOT identical twins, antirejection drugs are necessary. There is a contrast.

Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

This statement appears as if "transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment" is some sort of ACT or condition that all patients have to fulfill prior to getting the antirejection drugs.
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28 Aug 2011, 22:23
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1. Let’s appreciate that it is ' patients' that have to be compared with another set of patients or people
2. In this case A , B, D and E compare either transplants or transplant and therefore are wrong comparisons. C only compares in essence identical twins (meaning identical wins who receive transplants) with ‘all patients’. Hence, the right answer.
3. Lucky that four out of the five choices can be stroked down on the very first count .
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28 Aug 2011, 23:19
C is the best for displaying contrast!
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2013, 07:08
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aaron22197 wrote:
Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.
(A) Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
(B) Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(C) Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
(D) Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(E) Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

This is the OA:

In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main clause; thus A absurdly states that Unlike transplants, patients must take drugs, and B that all patients except for transplants must take drugs. In B and D the expression identical twins with the same genetic endowment wrongly suggests that only some identical twin pairs are genetically identical. In E, the construction Other than transplants, all patients must take drugs illogically suggests, as in B, that some patients are transplants. Choice C, the best answer, solves these problems by using a clause introduces by Unless to describe the exception to the rule and a nonrestrictive clause beginning with who to describe the characteristic attributed to all identical twins.

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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 12:50
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GMAT weekly questions

Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 12:56
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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT weekly questions

Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main clause; thus A absurdly states that Unlike transplants, patients must take drugs, and B that all patients except for transplants must take drugs.

In B and D the expression identical twins with the same genetic endowment wrongly suggests that only some identical twin pairs are genetically identical.

In E, the construction Other than transplants, all patients must take drugs illogically suggests, as in B, that some patients are transplants.

Choice C, the best answer, solves these problems by using a clause introduces by Unless to describe the exception to the rule and a nonrestrictive clause beginning with who to describe the characteristic attributed to all identical twins.

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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2014, 01:17
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT weekly questions

Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main clause; thus A absurdly states that Unlike transplants, patients must take drugs, and B that all patients except for transplants must take drugs.

In B and D the expression identical twins with the same genetic endowment wrongly suggests that only some identical twin pairs are genetically identical.

In E, the construction Other than transplants, all patients must take drugs illogically suggests, as in B, that some patients are transplants.

Choice C, the best answer, solves these problems by using a clause introduces by Unless to describe the exception to the rule and a nonrestrictive clause beginning with who to describe the characteristic attributed to all identical twins.

Hello Bunuel,

Could you please elaborate the difference between the usage of "with" and "who" as modifiers here.

I fail to understand how the usage of "with" and "who" who render different meaning to the above sentence.

For instance,

The man with 5 candles.
The man who has 5 candles.

I don't think the above 2 sentences imply a different meaning.

Many thanks

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Unlike Transplants between identical twins [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2014, 22:40
Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

Last edited by Gnpth on 26 Jul 2014, 22:58, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Unlike Transplants between identical twins [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2014, 22:59
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ZeroIQ wrote:
Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2014, 03:40
Also refer to this topic by Bunuel

Gmat Weekly question

unlike-transplants-between-identical-twins-whose-genetic-en-175026.html
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2014, 01:51
many modifier refer to a noun and modify the total sentence.

when refering to a noun, modifier must do so logically
when modifying a sentence, the modifier must do so logically

besides,aside from, +noun refer to patients. this is not logic.
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2015, 15:27
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2015, 10:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2015, 09:08
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The basic take - away from this topic is that, whenever a modifier starts a sentence, it is an adjectival modifier, that has to compulsorily modify the noun that lies just after. The adjectival modifier is always a phrase rather than a clause. In the given case, choices A, B, D, and E use adjectival phrases to introduce their sentences (note the absence of any verb in any of these four introducers). On the contrary, the choice C is a complex sentence with a subordinate clause followed by the main clause. In a complex sentence, there is no modification relation between the two clauses, since both are clauses with their own verbs. That is the reason that C stands out from the rest.
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Last edited by daagh on 26 Jul 2017, 23:40, edited 1 time in total.

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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2016, 06:09
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT weekly questions

Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main clause; thus A absurdly states that Unlike transplants, patients must take drugs, and B that all patients except for transplants must take drugs.

In B and D the expression identical twins with the same genetic endowment wrongly suggests that only some identical twin pairs are genetically identical.

In E, the construction Other than transplants, all patients must take drugs illogically suggests, as in B, that some patients are transplants.

Choice C, the best answer, solves these problems by using a clause introduces by Unless to describe the exception to the rule and a nonrestrictive clause beginning with who to describe the characteristic attributed to all identical twins.

Bunuel,

The use of "who" in option C refers to "those identical twins who have the same genetic endowment", as if there were other twins who did not have the same genetic endowment. However, the logical and intended meaning is that "all identical twins have the same genetic endowment".

Therefore, even if option C is the correct answer, I believe that it still has an error in it.

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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic en   [#permalink] 17 Aug 2016, 06:09

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