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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is

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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Jan 2018, 00:06
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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

(A) Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

(B) Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment

(C) Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment

(D) Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment

(E) Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

Originally posted by leeye84 on 06 Jul 2007, 08:54.
Last edited by hazelnut on 25 Jan 2018, 00:06, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2014, 12:56
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Bunuel wrote:

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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same


In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main clause; thus A absurdly states that Unlike transplants, patients must take drugs, and B that all patients except for transplants must take drugs.

In B and D the expression identical twins with the same genetic endowment wrongly suggests that only some identical twin pairs are genetically identical.

In E, the construction Other than transplants, all patients must take drugs illogically suggests, as in B, that some patients are transplants.

Choice C, the best answer, solves these problems by using a clause introduces by Unless to describe the exception to the rule and a nonrestrictive clause beginning with who to describe the characteristic attributed to all identical twins.

Answer: C.
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2007, 10:53
leeye84 wrote:
906. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

(A) Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
(B) Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(C) Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
(D) Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(E) Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same


C. using POE.

i know this one is pretty confusing.
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2007, 16:21
C it is .

A is wrong as transplants are compared to patients.
B is wrong for the usage besides and transplants compared to patients.

D usage of aside.
E : same problem.

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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2008, 19:39
A does have the comparision issues. Only C stays...

It was not easy for me, took me around 3 minutes to get to the answer!
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2008, 21:47
leeye84 wrote:
OA is C. Everyone gets a cookie. :-D



C as well,
do i get a cookie too?

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POE is process of elimination.
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2008, 05:05
i will go with E unlike is used to compare nouns and we need possesive pronoun like whose rather than who..!!!

what is OA
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2008, 05:46
A or E, I would probably guess A.

I think it needs to be one of these two because you need the comma before "genetic endowments are the same" to imply that this is the case with all twins. Without the comma it's saying twins who also happen to have the same genetic endowment, which I believe is inaccurate.

Beyond that, I'm not sure if "unlike" or "other than" is more appropriate.

edit: Actually I'm going with E. Unlike doesn't make sense because the next part is "all people" and it's weird to say twins aren't a part of "all people". "Other than" does not bring up this potentially insulting issue! :lol:
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2010, 04:00
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Already discussed at:
sc1000-906-twins-48356.html

Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

(A) Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
(B) Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(C) Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
(D) Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(E) Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same

I want to know why E is wrong!
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2010, 06:09
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E is wrong because transplants are compared to patients. Just ignore the words enclosed in commas and you get "Other than transplants between identical twins, all patients receiving...". It would have been right if it was "Other than transplants between identical twins, transplants between X and W involve..."
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2010, 06:25
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Agree with "aiming4mba" 's reasoning...
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2011, 11:46
I am confused here. All the options seem to have been comparing transplant(s) with all patients. How come C is different than the rest of choices?
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2011, 08:17
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joshnsit wrote:
I am confused here. All the options seem to have been comparing transplant(s) with all patients. How come C is different than the rest of choices?


Joshnsit,
The SC is not just about comparison between transplants in group 1 vs transplants in group 2 but also the right usage of sub-ordinate conjunctions .

In this SC , "besides" and "Aside" dont make sense. The SC is about comparison and not about anything other than transplants. "Besides" and "Aside" indicate activity/operation other than transplants.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2011, 09:52
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Instead of looking at it from the point of view of comparison, let's look at it from the angle modification. ABD and E are sentences starting with a participial phrase modifying the noun ‘all patients.’ Therefore you can not dispense with necessity of modification from these choices. C alone among the choices uses a subordinate clause with its own subject and verb, totally obviating the need for modification. A subordinate clause is not required to modify the main clause but only has to depend upon it for completion of the meaning. That is the reason C is different from the rest
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2011, 04:32
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siddharthasingh wrote:
wats wrong with B??


Besides changes the intended meaning of the sentence.

"Besides" is used when you must take two or more considerations together.

Besides doing regular exercise, you must also maintain balanced diet to keep healthy.
Means; "Doing regular exercise" should co-exist with the other condition i.e. "eating healthy diet". In other words, besides is kind of supportive word.

What we need is a contrast:

What the sentence is trying to convey:
If the transplants involve identical twins, antirejection drugs are NOT necessary. But, if the transplants involve other patients who are NOT identical twins, antirejection drugs are necessary. There is a contrast.

Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

This statement appears as if "transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment" is some sort of ACT or condition that all patients have to fulfill prior to getting the antirejection drugs.
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2011, 22:23
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1. Let’s appreciate that it is ' patients' that have to be compared with another set of patients or people
2. In this case A , B, D and E compare either transplants or transplant and therefore are wrong comparisons. C only compares in essence identical twins (meaning identical wins who receive transplants) with ‘all patients’. Hence, the right answer.
3. Lucky that four out of the five choices can be stroked down on the very first count .
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2011, 23:19
C is the best for displaying contrast!
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2013, 07:08
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aaron22197 wrote:
Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts or other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.
(A) Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
(B) Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(C) Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
(D) Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
(E) Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same


This is the OA:

In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main clause; thus A absurdly states that Unlike transplants, patients must take drugs, and B that all patients except for transplants must take drugs. In B and D the expression identical twins with the same genetic endowment wrongly suggests that only some identical twin pairs are genetically identical. In E, the construction Other than transplants, all patients must take drugs illogically suggests, as in B, that some patients are transplants. Choice C, the best answer, solves these problems by using a clause introduces by Unless to describe the exception to the rule and a nonrestrictive clause beginning with who to describe the characteristic attributed to all identical twins.
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2014, 12:50
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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
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Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2014, 01:17
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

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Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same, all patients receiving hearts of other organs must take antirejection drugs for the rest of their lives.

A. Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same
B. Besides transplants involving identical twins with the same genetic endowment
C. Unless the transplant involves identical twins who have the same genetic endowment
D. Aside from a transplant between identical twins with the same genetic endowment
E. Other than transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is the same


In A and B, the phrases beginning Unlike and Besides modify patients, the subject of the main clause; thus A absurdly states that Unlike transplants, patients must take drugs, and B that all patients except for transplants must take drugs.

In B and D the expression identical twins with the same genetic endowment wrongly suggests that only some identical twin pairs are genetically identical.

In E, the construction Other than transplants, all patients must take drugs illogically suggests, as in B, that some patients are transplants.

Choice C, the best answer, solves these problems by using a clause introduces by Unless to describe the exception to the rule and a nonrestrictive clause beginning with who to describe the characteristic attributed to all identical twins.

Answer: C.


Hello Bunuel,

Could you please elaborate the difference between the usage of "with" and "who" as modifiers here.

I fail to understand how the usage of "with" and "who" who render different meaning to the above sentence.

For instance,

The man with 5 candles.
The man who has 5 candles.

I don't think the above 2 sentences imply a different meaning.

Many thanks :-)
Re: Unlike transplants between identical twins, whose genetic endowment is &nbs [#permalink] 25 Jul 2014, 01:17

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