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Updated on: 15 Apr 2018, 23:20
Dear experts, once a while, I can see the although clause as the opening modifer in OG problems, sentences like"Although he is rich, Tom lives an economical life. " However, is it legitimate to say:

1. Although rich, Tom lives an economical life.

2. Although a rich man, Tom lives an economical life.

Are they both correct? Could you please explain?

Thanks a lot!

Originally posted by tolotolo on 15 Apr 2018, 18:14.
Last edited by tolotolo on 15 Apr 2018, 23:20, edited 4 times in total.
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15 Apr 2018, 18:20
Although can introduce either a subordinate clause or a modifier. In this case, it perfectly modifies the noun immediately after comma. I don't see any mistakes. As long as you correctly identify the main idea of the sentence, the rest should be easy.
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15 Apr 2018, 18:34
Thanks! However, I have seen "although + verbed past participle modifer", such as " although sighted", but I have never seen "although + noun", like "although a rich man".
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16 Apr 2018, 03:51
2
Top Contributor
1
Use of although with examples - Compiled from the views of Ron

'Although' can appear in the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a clause.

I. When it appears at the beginning of a sentence, it can either be a subordinate clause with a verb or just a modifier without a verb.

GMAT examples

Although the term "psychopath" is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people
Ans: D
The above is an example in which although is used in a subordinate clause correctly in the non-underlined part

Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer from what remained of the inscription that the priest Zonainos was buried in the crypt. (This is another example of although used in a subordinate clause in the beginning in the correct choice C.)

(A) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(B) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists had inferred
(C) Although it had been partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(D) Partially destroyed though it had been, the archaeologists had been able to infer
(E) Destroyed partially, the archaeologists were able to infer

II. When 'although' appears in the middle of a clause, it can only appear as a modifier without a verb and not as a clause with a verb. In the middle of a sentence, if although is placed after a noun, then the 'although' phrase will describe the noun just in front. However, if the phrase with although is placed after a verb, then it will describe that verb

Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be brought into the country by visitors.( This is an example in which an "although" subordinate clause is wrongly placed in the middle of the sentence as in A )

(A) Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be
(B) Polio, although eradicated in the United States, it still continues elsewhere and can be
(C) Although still continuing elsewhere, polio has been eradicated in the United States and could be
(D) Although having been eradicated in the United States, polio still continues elsewhere and is capable of being
(E) Although eradicated in the United States, polio continues elsewhere and could be

Ans E.

Along with the drop in producer prices announced yesterday, the strong retail sales figures released today seem like it is indicative that the economy, although growing slowly, is not nearing a recession.(This is an example in which an 'although' phrase is placed in the middle correctly (in the non-underlined part)

(A) like it is indicative that
(B) as if to indicate
(C) to indicate that
(D) indicative of
(E) like an indication of
Ans: C.

III. When 'although' is placed at the end of a clause, it can never be a modifier but can only be written as a clause with a verb

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.( This is an example in which although is correctly used in a subordinate clause at the end of the sentence in choice D)

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Ans: D
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29 Apr 2018, 05:43
Although is mainly used to show contrast

Yes both examples u have given are correct.u can also refer daagh post above for more examples

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31 Aug 2018, 21:52
daagh wrote:
Use of although with examples - Compiled from the views of Ron

'Although' can appear in the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a clause.

I. When it appears at the beginning of a sentence, it can either be a subordinate clause with a verb or just a modifier without a verb.

GMAT examples

Although the term "psychopath" is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people
Ans: D
The above is an example in which although is used in a subordinate clause correctly in the non-underlined part

Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer from what remained of the inscription that the priest Zonainos was buried in the crypt. (This is another example of although used in a subordinate clause in the beginning in the correct choice C.)

(A) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(B) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists had inferred
(C) Although it had been partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(D) Partially destroyed though it had been, the archaeologists had been able to infer
(E) Destroyed partially, the archaeologists were able to infer

II. When 'although' appears in the middle of a clause, it can only appear as a modifier without a verb and not as a clause with a verb. In the middle of a sentence, if although is placed after a noun, then the 'although' phrase will describe the noun just in front. However, if the phrase with although is placed after a verb, then it will describe that verb

Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be brought into the country by visitors.( This is an example in which an "although" subordinate clause is wrongly placed in the middle of the sentence as in A )

(A) Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be
(B) Polio, although eradicated in the United States, it still continues elsewhere and can be
(C) Although still continuing elsewhere, polio has been eradicated in the United States and could be
(D) Although having been eradicated in the United States, polio still continues elsewhere and is capable of being
(E) Although eradicated in the United States, polio continues elsewhere and could be

Ans E.

Along with the drop in producer prices announced yesterday, the strong retail sales figures released today seem like it is indicative that the economy, although growing slowly, is not nearing a recession.(This is an example in which an 'although' phrase is placed in the middle correctly (in the non-underlined part)

(A) like it is indicative that
(B) as if to indicate
(C) to indicate that
(D) indicative of
(E) like an indication of
Ans: C.

III. When 'although' is placed at the end of a clause, it can never be a modifier but can only be written as a clause with a verb

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.( This is an example in which although is correctly used in a subordinate clause at the end of the sentence in choice D)

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Ans: D

Hi,

Hi,

I have a doubt with respect to usage of "though"/ "although". As per my understanding whenever a sentence begins with any of these words, they modify either a noun or follow a dependent clause.

Can dependent clause stand alone?

I have this doubt as I came across this sentence :
"Even though John did not agree with the viability of the plan, he invested heavily in the project." where "he invested heavily in the project" seems like a proper stand alone sentence.

Thanks,

Sumit
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Oct 2017
Posts: 258

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01 Sep 2018, 00:16
1
Sumitdave wrote:
daagh wrote:
Use of although with examples - Compiled from the views of Ron

'Although' can appear in the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a clause.

I. When it appears at the beginning of a sentence, it can either be a subordinate clause with a verb or just a modifier without a verb.

GMAT examples

Although the term "psychopath" is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people
Ans: D
The above is an example in which although is used in a subordinate clause correctly in the non-underlined part

Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer from what remained of the inscription that the priest Zonainos was buried in the crypt. (This is another example of although used in a subordinate clause in the beginning in the correct choice C.)

(A) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(B) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists had inferred
(C) Although it had been partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(D) Partially destroyed though it had been, the archaeologists had been able to infer
(E) Destroyed partially, the archaeologists were able to infer

II. When 'although' appears in the middle of a clause, it can only appear as a modifier without a verb and not as a clause with a verb. In the middle of a sentence, if although is placed after a noun, then the 'although' phrase will describe the noun just in front. However, if the phrase with although is placed after a verb, then it will describe that verb

Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be brought into the country by visitors.( This is an example in which an "although" subordinate clause is wrongly placed in the middle of the sentence as in A )

(A) Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be
(B) Polio, although eradicated in the United States, it still continues elsewhere and can be
(C) Although still continuing elsewhere, polio has been eradicated in the United States and could be
(D) Although having been eradicated in the United States, polio still continues elsewhere and is capable of being
(E) Although eradicated in the United States, polio continues elsewhere and could be

Ans E.

Along with the drop in producer prices announced yesterday, the strong retail sales figures released today seem like it is indicative that the economy, although growing slowly, is not nearing a recession.(This is an example in which an 'although' phrase is placed in the middle correctly (in the non-underlined part)

(A) like it is indicative that
(B) as if to indicate
(C) to indicate that
(D) indicative of
(E) like an indication of
Ans: C.

III. When 'although' is placed at the end of a clause, it can never be a modifier but can only be written as a clause with a verb

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.( This is an example in which although is correctly used in a subordinate clause at the end of the sentence in choice D)

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Ans: D

Hi,

Hi,

I have a doubt with respect to usage of "though"/ "although". As per my understanding whenever a sentence begins with any of these words, they modify either a noun or follow a dependent clause.

Can dependent clause stand alone?

I have this doubt as I came across this sentence :
"Even though John did not agree with the viability of the plan, he invested heavily in the project." where "he invested heavily in the project" seems like a proper stand alone sentence.

Thanks,

Sumit
Hey Sumit,

there are two kinds of clauses: those that can stand alone on their own two feet and those that cannot.  The first kind, independent clauses, can stand alone as complete sentences.   The latter kind, dependent clauses, or subordinate clauses, do not work on their own as a complete sentence: they have to be part of a larger sentence, a sentence that is anchored by at least one independent clause. Here are some examples of independent clauses as stand-alone sentences:

Ram likes ice cream
Pankhuri is the best employee of the month.
David is feeling sleepy.

Let's have a look at some of the independent clause :

Although he is good player
Even though Sumit likes sentence correction

These sentences feel like they are missing something. You can't view a sentence by separating these dependent clause markers ( although, even though, while, because, before, until, now that etc)

Hope this helps. Feel free to ask if anything remains unclear.

Thank you = Kudos
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Intern
Joined: 09 May 2018
Posts: 28
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01 Sep 2018, 05:55
sumit411 wrote:
Sumitdave wrote:
daagh wrote:
Use of although with examples - Compiled from the views of Ron

'Although' can appear in the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a clause.

I. When it appears at the beginning of a sentence, it can either be a subordinate clause with a verb or just a modifier without a verb.

GMAT examples

Although the term "psychopath" is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people
Ans: D
The above is an example in which although is used in a subordinate clause correctly in the non-underlined part

Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer from what remained of the inscription that the priest Zonainos was buried in the crypt. (This is another example of although used in a subordinate clause in the beginning in the correct choice C.)

(A) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(B) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists had inferred
(C) Although it had been partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(D) Partially destroyed though it had been, the archaeologists had been able to infer
(E) Destroyed partially, the archaeologists were able to infer

II. When 'although' appears in the middle of a clause, it can only appear as a modifier without a verb and not as a clause with a verb. In the middle of a sentence, if although is placed after a noun, then the 'although' phrase will describe the noun just in front. However, if the phrase with although is placed after a verb, then it will describe that verb

Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be brought into the country by visitors.( This is an example in which an "although" subordinate clause is wrongly placed in the middle of the sentence as in A )

(A) Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be
(B) Polio, although eradicated in the United States, it still continues elsewhere and can be
(C) Although still continuing elsewhere, polio has been eradicated in the United States and could be
(D) Although having been eradicated in the United States, polio still continues elsewhere and is capable of being
(E) Although eradicated in the United States, polio continues elsewhere and could be

Ans E.

Along with the drop in producer prices announced yesterday, the strong retail sales figures released today seem like it is indicative that the economy, although growing slowly, is not nearing a recession.(This is an example in which an 'although' phrase is placed in the middle correctly (in the non-underlined part)

(A) like it is indicative that
(B) as if to indicate
(C) to indicate that
(D) indicative of
(E) like an indication of
Ans: C.

III. When 'although' is placed at the end of a clause, it can never be a modifier but can only be written as a clause with a verb

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.( This is an example in which although is correctly used in a subordinate clause at the end of the sentence in choice D)

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Ans: D

Hi,

Hi,

I have a doubt with respect to usage of "though"/ "although". As per my understanding whenever a sentence begins with any of these words, they modify either a noun or follow a dependent clause.

Can dependent clause stand alone?

I have this doubt as I came across this sentence :
"Even though John did not agree with the viability of the plan, he invested heavily in the project." where "he invested heavily in the project" seems like a proper stand alone sentence.

Thanks,

Sumit
Hey Sumit,

there are two kinds of clauses: those that can stand alone on their own two feet and those that cannot.  The first kind, independent clauses, can stand alone as complete sentences.   The latter kind, dependent clauses, or subordinate clauses, do not work on their own as a complete sentence: they have to be part of a larger sentence, a sentence that is anchored by at least one independent clause. Here are some examples of independent clauses as stand-alone sentences:

Ram likes ice cream
Pankhuri is the best employee of the month.
David is feeling sleepy.

Let's have a look at some of the independent clause :

Although he is good player
Even though Sumit likes sentence correction

These sentences feel like they are missing something. You can't view a sentence by separating these dependent clause markers ( although, even though, while, because, before, until, now that etc)

Hope this helps. Feel free to ask if anything remains unclear.

Thank you = Kudos

Okay okay, "even though...." is the dependent clause and what follows after comma is obviously the dependent clause.

That was a silly one.

Sumit
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Oct 2017
Posts: 258

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2018, 05:59
1
Sumitdave wrote:
sumit411 wrote:
Sumitdave wrote:
[quote="daagh"]Use of although with examples - Compiled from the views of Ron

'Although' can appear in the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a clause.

I. When it appears at the beginning of a sentence, it can either be a subordinate clause with a verb or just a modifier without a verb.

GMAT examples

Although the term "psychopath" is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people
Ans: D
The above is an example in which although is used in a subordinate clause correctly in the non-underlined part

Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer from what remained of the inscription that the priest Zonainos was buried in the crypt. (This is another example of although used in a subordinate clause in the beginning in the correct choice C.)

(A) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(B) Although partially destroyed, the archaeologists had inferred
(C) Although it had been partially destroyed, the archaeologists were able to infer
(D) Partially destroyed though it had been, the archaeologists had been able to infer
(E) Destroyed partially, the archaeologists were able to infer

II. When 'although' appears in the middle of a clause, it can only appear as a modifier without a verb and not as a clause with a verb. In the middle of a sentence, if although is placed after a noun, then the 'although' phrase will describe the noun just in front. However, if the phrase with although is placed after a verb, then it will describe that verb

Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be brought into the country by visitors.( This is an example in which an "although" subordinate clause is wrongly placed in the middle of the sentence as in A )

(A) Polio, although it is eradicated in the United States, it continues elsewhere and is able to be
(B) Polio, although eradicated in the United States, it still continues elsewhere and can be
(C) Although still continuing elsewhere, polio has been eradicated in the United States and could be
(D) Although having been eradicated in the United States, polio still continues elsewhere and is capable of being
(E) Although eradicated in the United States, polio continues elsewhere and could be

Ans E.

Along with the drop in producer prices announced yesterday, the strong retail sales figures released today seem like it is indicative that the economy, although growing slowly, is not nearing a recession.(This is an example in which an 'although' phrase is placed in the middle correctly (in the non-underlined part)

(A) like it is indicative that
(B) as if to indicate
(C) to indicate that
(D) indicative of
(E) like an indication of
Ans: C.

III. When 'although' is placed at the end of a clause, it can never be a modifier but can only be written as a clause with a verb

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.( This is an example in which although is correctly used in a subordinate clause at the end of the sentence in choice D)

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Ans: D

Hi,

Hi,

I have a doubt with respect to usage of "though"/ "although". As per my understanding whenever a sentence begins with any of these words, they modify either a noun or follow a dependent clause.

Can dependent clause stand alone?

I have this doubt as I came across this sentence :
"Even though John did not agree with the viability of the plan, he invested heavily in the project." where "he invested heavily in the project" seems like a proper stand alone sentence.

Thanks,

Sumit
Hey Sumit,

there are two kinds of clauses: those that can stand alone on their own two feet and those that cannot.  The first kind, independent clauses, can stand alone as complete sentences.   The latter kind, dependent clauses, or subordinate clauses, do not work on their own as a complete sentence: they have to be part of a larger sentence, a sentence that is anchored by at least one independent clause. Here are some examples of independent clauses as stand-alone sentences:

Ram likes ice cream
Pankhuri is the best employee of the month.
David is feeling sleepy.

Let's have a look at some of the independent clause :

Although he is good player
Even though Sumit likes sentence correction

These sentences feel like they are missing something. You can't view a sentence by separating these dependent clause markers ( although, even though, while, because, before, until, now that etc)

Hope this helps. Feel free to ask if anything remains unclear.

Thank you = Kudos

Okay okay, "even though...." is the dependent clause and what follows after comma is obviously the dependent clause.

That was a silly one.

Sumit[/quote]No bro, doubts are never silly. I also had this when I started

Thank you = Kudos
_________________

Thank you =Kudos
The best thing in life lies on the other side of the pain.

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