GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Oct 2019, 21:56

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..

Author Message
Intern
Joined: 29 Mar 2013
Posts: 3
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GPA: 3.39
WE: Operations (Energy and Utilities)
Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2013, 20:44
1
5
hi all..

Please help me with the issue. I am unable to judge the use of "having" /" having been" in sentences as correct or incorrect, and as a result have got a habit of simply rejecting the choices with the word. Now its pinching me again and again. So I want to finish the issue once for all.

So I request anyone "HAVING" confidence in the same to please explain the usage on GMAT.

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1563
Re: Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 May 2013, 18:01
10
13
"Having been" is really just a specific example of the "having + past participle" construction.

Having eaten, we retired to the living room.
Having painted the entire house himself, he needed a bath.

This is a perfectly good usage, but you won't see it often on the GMAT. What you're likely to see is something like this:

The movie having been shown first was not funny.

What does this mean? If we are trying to specify our subject, we should say "the movie that was shown first," or even just "the movie shown first." The only way that "having been" would add value here would be as an adverbial modifier:

The movie, having been shown first, set the tone for the entire festival.

Here we're saying that the movie set the tone *as a result* of its being shown first, so the "having been" modifier makes sense.

Another troublesome usage looks like this:

I talked with a co-worker having a break at the same time that I was.

Here, "having" is used to introduce a noun modifier. In fact, everything after "having" is part of the noun modifier, and that's the problem! We can't say "I was" because there's no verb for "was" to refer back to. This is part of the general trouble the GMAT gets us into with -ing words--being, having, flourishing, doubling, etc. They can be used in many different ways, but readers often treat them incorrectly as verbs, when there are several other ways they can be used. Take a look:

1) Verb: Are you having a good time?
2) Noun: Having an MBA will improve my resume.
3) Noun modifier: The man having a heart attack was on the 7th floor.
4) Adverb: My daughter stayed in her room having a fit.

So there are lots of legitimate ways of using having, and we could create an identical list for other -ing words, but you're right to be nervous. The GMAT tends to use these words in trap answers. Don't cross off an answer just because you see -ing, but exercise caution and think about what purpose the word/phrase is serving. Also, "having" and "being" are probably more common in wrong answers than in right ones, so if you're left guessing, pick something else.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan Prep GMAT Instructor | San Diego

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 465
Location: Germany
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
Schools: WHU MBA"20 (A)
GMAT 1: 580 Q46 V24
GPA: 3.88
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2015, 10:21
4
2
Here you can find all the Information regarding Having + participle https://english.lingolia.com/en/grammar/sentences/participle-clauses
_________________
When you’re up, your friends know who you are. When you’re down, you know who your friends are.

800Score ONLY QUANT CAT1 51, CAT2 50, CAT3 50
GMAT PREP 670
MGMAT CAT 630
KAPLAN CAT 660
##### General Discussion
Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 465
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Re: Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 May 2013, 16:59
5
5
confusedsoul wrote:
hi all..

Please help me with the issue. I am unable to judge the use of "having" /" having been" in sentences as correct or incorrect, and as a result have got a habit of simply rejecting the choices with the word. Now its pinching me again and again. So I want to finish the issue once for all.

So I request anyone "HAVING" confidence in the same to please explain the usage on GMAT.

Hi confusedsoul,

Good news is that, yes, most of the GMAT SC questions which use "having been" (not "having") are incorrect. There are only a few applications of "having been"

"having been" is also called perfect gerund. It is used to express a condition that no longer exists at the time of stating.

for example - Having been a doctor's husband I know the advantages of a qualified wife -> I am no longer married to a doctor

"having" is just the ing+verb form of the verb "to have" and very commonly used in participle clauses ( having + past participle)

The use of "having" is pretty common and should not be rejected as frequently as "having been".

Having done my work, I played video games for a while --> after finishing my work I played

Hope this helps,
Vercules
_________________
Manager
Joined: 03 May 2013
Posts: 67
Re: Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Oct 2015, 02:19
hi Expert,
please specify the difference b/w ,having and having . i am confused does ,having is used as all other ",ing" modifiers which modifies the preceding clause , or it(,having) just modifies the preceding noun
And
In the given sc if it would be
just having ( without comma) then the usage would be right ??

Industrialization and modern methods of insect control have improved the standard of living around the globe while at the same time they have introduced some 100,000 dangerous chemical pollutants, having gone virtually unregulated since they were developed more than 50 years ago.
Intern
Joined: 09 Sep 2017
Posts: 10
Re: Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2017, 08:32
1
DmitryFarber wrote:
"Having been" is really just a specific example of the "having + past participle" construction.
Another troublesome usage looks like this:

I talked with a co-worker having a break at the same time that I was.

Here, "having" is used to introduce a noun modifier. In fact, everything after "having" is part of the noun modifier, and that's the problem! We can't say "I was" because there's no verb for "was" to refer back to. This is part of the general trouble the GMAT gets us into with -ing words--being, having, flourishing, doubling, etc.

This is such a great explanation, thank you! I was curious, how exactly would you re-write the incorrect example?
Intern
Joined: 20 Jun 2017
Posts: 32
GMAT 1: 580 Q36 V32
GMAT 2: 660 Q39 V41
GRE 1: Q159 V160
Re: Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2017, 09:10
confusedsoul wrote:
hi all..

Please help me with the issue. I am unable to judge the use of "having" /" having been" in sentences as correct or incorrect, and as a result have got a habit of simply rejecting the choices with the word. Now its pinching me again and again. So I want to finish the issue once for all.

So I request anyone "HAVING" confidence in the same to please explain the usage on GMAT.

Having ends in -ing - it can either be a gerund (a verb serving as a noun) or the conjugated portion of the verb to have

Consider whether the action in the main clause of the verb follows the action listed in the dependent clause (i.e the clause with having)

Note have and has serve as helping verbs when reporting events in the past that happened in sequence.

He had eaten when we arrived -> sequence of events
Having drank a lot, she went to the bathroom. -> She drank AND THEN went to the bathroom

Having can not be alone in a sentence and must help a secondary verb, also there must be an independent clause which contains the working verb of the sentence
Unless Having is serving as a gerund, connoting "having" as the subject of the sentence

See : Having, is one of the most sensational feelings in life.

DmitryFarber how did I do?
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 5930
Re: Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2018, 05:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
Re: Use of "having been" or "having" in SC senctences..   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2018, 05:31
Display posts from previous: Sort by