It is currently 19 Oct 2017, 18:52

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

V04-05

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Expert Post
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 41891

Kudos [?]: 128918 [0], given: 12183

V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:00
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:13) correct 41% (01:47) wrong based on 72 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?


A. Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.
B. Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to handle emotionally stressful situations.
C. Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study.
D. Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications.
E. Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Kudos [?]: 128918 [0], given: 12183

Expert Post
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 41891

Kudos [?]: 128918 [0], given: 12183

Re V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:00
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Official Solution:


Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?


A. Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.
B. Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to handle emotionally stressful situations.
C. Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study.
D. Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications.
E. Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days.


Situation:The argument shows a causal relationship between the premises and the conclusion. The conclusion states that emotional stress causes people to become obese and nervous. The assumption in this causal argument should support the causal direction of the conclusion. i.e. the assumption must prove that A causes B or Emotional stress causes obesity and nervousness.

The assumptions in a causal arguments are often of two types: i) Assumptions that support the causality of the argument either by eliminating an alternate cause of the conclusion OR ii) by demonstrating that the conclusion, if it exists, is in proper direction. In other words A is caused by B and not B has caused A. Any option which does not tell us anything about the causal link between Emotional eating and, obesity and nervousness can be safely eliminated.
  1. The stimulus does not discuss the seriousness of health problems, so, this choice becomes irrelevant. Moreover, there is no link to the causal relationship.
  2. Correct: This answer choice rules out an opposite direction for the causality, making our conclusion valid, thus, the correct choice.
  3. The number of respondents does not say anything about the causal link between emotional eating and, obesity and nervousness. No link to causal relationship.
  4. Again the awareness of people on problems related to emotional stress is irrelevant. No link to causal relationship.
  5. This choice is incorrect for two reasons. First, the argument never compares some emotional eater to other emotional eaters. Second, the argument is not based on immediate impact of emotional stress in making people obese and nervous.

Answer: B
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Kudos [?]: 128918 [0], given: 12183

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Mar 2014
Posts: 19

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 13

Re: V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Oct 2015, 23:36
Explanation given here need to be corrected...A is caused by B= B------> A
Not B has caused A X B-----> A.

It Should be rather Not B is caused By A

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 13

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 08 Jan 2015
Posts: 86

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 53

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2016, 01:47
C is very important too. If the doesn't assume that the experiment is valid (e.g. that number of participants was equal, or any other conditions), than he doesn't make this claim. Though my logic could be a bit stretched.

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 53

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3157

Kudos [?]: 3300 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2016, 15:46
manlog wrote:
C is very important too. If the doesn't assume that the experiment is valid (e.g. that number of participants was equal, or any other conditions), than he doesn't make this claim. Though my logic could be a bit stretched.


Your point is valid. Nonetheless a convenient way to check the assumption type questions is the negation technique. Negate the given option and see whether the argument breaks down. If it does, then the option must be an assumption, because assumptions MUST be true in order to arrive at the conlcusion - this is where assumption type questions differ from strenghtening questions.

Option C strengthens the argument, however it is NOT a necessary assumption - it is not that the author MUST have assumed this statement. If the author did not assume option C, even then the argument would hold. Although it would be weakened, it won't completely break down.

Kudos [?]: 3300 [0], given: 22

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2016
Posts: 22

Kudos [?]: 3 [1], given: 0

V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2016, 21:26
1
This post received
KUDOS
I totally agree that B is the best choice, but A also serves as a necessary assumption.
The logical structure of the passage is as blow IMO:

Stress ---> Some serious health problems (bld pres., car comp..) (This is a premis)
Stress ----> Another serious health problems (Malady) (This is a Conclusion)
High stress = More obese and nervous (more like a fact, a objective result)

If we negate the option A: Obesity and nervousness do not lead to serious health problems. Or we can say Obesity and nervousness are not serious health problems, then the argument breaks down because The conclusion is now groundless

Kudos [?]: 3 [1], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 Mar 2014
Posts: 9

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 164

Re V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2016, 10:40
I think this is a poor-quality question. The third sentence in the question needs attention.

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 164

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3157

Kudos [?]: 3300 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2016, 11:05
dpgiii wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question. The third sentence in the question needs attention.


Could you elaborate your concern? The logic in this question frequently occurs in GMAT CR.

Kudos [?]: 3300 [0], given: 22

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 23 May 2012
Posts: 4

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V37
GRE 1: 318 Q164 V154
GPA: 3.73
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jun 2017, 05:37
gomax1199 wrote:
I totally agree that B is the best choice, but A also serves as a necessary assumption.
The logical structure of the passage is as blow IMO:

Stress ---> Some serious health problems (bld pres., car comp..) (This is a premis)
Stress ----> Another serious health problems (Malady) (This is a Conclusion)
High stress = More obese and nervous (more like a fact, a objective result)

If we negate the option A: Obesity and nervousness do not lead to serious health problems. Or we can say Obesity and nervousness are not serious health problems, then the argument breaks down because The conclusion is now groundless



Then why is B the best Answer when the conclusion clearly is concerned with maladies i.e. obesity and nervousness and not ones capability to handle stressful situation, guys help me out here explain relevance of B over A

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Aug 2017
Posts: 30

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 4

CAT Tests
Re: V04-05 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2017, 16:24
There is also a typo. The number of errors in these questions is unacceptable.

"Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days."

"form" should be "from"

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 4

Re: V04-05   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2017, 16:24
Display posts from previous: Sort by

V04-05

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Moderators: Bunuel, Vyshak



GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.