GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Jun 2018, 19:30

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

V04-38

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Expert Post
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46284
V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:23
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (00:16) correct 35% (00:17) wrong based on 89 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Before the subprime crisis weakened the housing market, America, with its state of the art infrastructure and with multiple job opportunities for expats, had been one of the most popular destinations for foreign investment.

A. had been
B. has been
C. had been being
D. was being
E. was

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46284
Re V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:23
1
Official Solution:

Before the subprime crisis weakened the housing market, America, with its state of the art infrastructure and with multiple job opportunities for expats, had been one of the most popular destinations for foreign investment.

A. had been
B. has been
C. had been being
D. was being
E. was

Do not go by the size of this question. This is actually a very tricky question. (B), (C), (D) are clearly incorrect because they are using the incorrect tense. Most of the students are confused between the choices (A) and (E) and interestingly many don’t even consider that E) could be correct. E) is in fact the correct choice.
  1. We should use past perfect verb when we want to express an event that happened before another event in the past. However, if the meaning of the sentence clearly marks such a sequence then the use of past perfect would be considered redundant (or in other words less preferred). Such a sentence would be grammatically correct, but if you have an answer choice without the past perfect then that would be the better one.
  2. Incorrect tense
  3. Incorrect tense
  4. Incorrect tense
  5. This choice is the better of the two choices, A and E as it removes the redundancy by using only simple past tense.

Answer: E
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Feb 2015
Posts: 14
GMAT 1: 680 Q47 V36
GMAT 2: 720 Q49 V39
Re: V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 May 2015, 23:55
Bunuel wrote:
Official Solution:

Before the subprime crisis weakened the housing market, America, with its state of the art infrastructure and with multiple job opportunities for expats, had been one of the most popular destinations for foreign investment.

A. had been
B. has been
C. had been being
D. was being
E. was

Do not go by the size of this question. This is actually a very tricky question. (B), (C), (D) are clearly incorrect because they are using the incorrect tense. Most of the students are confused between the choices (A) and (E) and interestingly many don’t even consider that E) could be correct. E) is in fact the correct choice.
  1. We should use past perfect verb when we want to express an event that happened before another event in the past. However, if the meaning of the sentence clearly marks such a sequence then the use of past perfect would be considered redundant (or in other words less preferred). Such a sentence would be grammatically correct, but if you have an answer choice without the past perfect then that would be the better one.
  2. Incorrect tense
  3. Incorrect tense
  4. Incorrect tense
  5. This choice is the better of the two choices, A and E as it removes the redundancy by using only simple past tense.

Answer: E


bunnel
i thought
due to presence of 'Before the subprime crisis weakened '
had been and 'was' both seem ok here grammatically
but was is a more preferred scenario if we have a option
am i right??
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1174
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Oct 2015, 13:04
harDill wrote:
bunnel
i thought
due to presence of 'Before the subprime crisis weakened '
had been and 'was' both seem ok here grammatically
but was is a more preferred scenario if we have a option
am i right??


Note that we do not always use the Past Perfect for earlier actions. In general, you should use Past Perfect only to clarify or emphasize a sequence of past events. The earlier event should somehow have a bearing on the context of the later event. Moreover, if the sequence is already obvious, we often do not need Past Perfect.

Right: Antonio DROVE to the store and BOUGHT some ice cream.

We already know that drove happened before bought. A sequence of verbs with the same subject does not require Past Perfect. Rather, use the Simple Past for all the verbs.

Clauses linked by and or but do not require the Past Perfect as a general rule.

Right: Laura LOCKED the deadbolt before she LEFT for work.

Likewise, we already know that locked happens before left because of the word before. The words before
and after indicate the sequence of events clearly and emphatically enough to make the use of the Past
Perfect unnecessary.

Similarly in the current sentence, the order is indicated by before and had been is a strict NO-NO.

Before the subprime crisis weakened the housing market, America, with its state of the art infrastructure and with multiple job opportunities for expats, was one of the most popular destinations for foreign investment.

The reference for the above material is in MGMAT SC.
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.


My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773
https://gmatclub.com/forum/improve-reading-habit-233410.html#p1802265

Expert Post
MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5181
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2015, 22:23
Thanks Mechmeera for the explanation.

I am going to add on the verb form bit.

First, as noted, the past perfect expresses the idea that something occurred prior to another action in the past (sometimes with reference to a specified time). Examples:

Brent only understood the play because he had read the book. (unspecified time in the past)
Brent did not have any money because he had lost his wallet. (unspecified time in the past)


Second, the past perfect is used to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past. Example:

By the time Brent finished his studies, he had been in Victoria for over five years.

However, if the past perfect action occurred at a specific time, the simple past can be used instead of the past perfect when "before" or "after" is used in the sentence. This is important for the sentence you asked about:

Before the subprime crisis weakened the housing market, America, with its state of the art infrastructure and with multiple job opportunities for expats, was one of the most popular destinations for foreign investment.

Keep an eye out for "before" and "after" keywords to know whether you should use the perfect past or simple past form.

Also, keep in mind the following differentiation between the past perfect and simple past tenses:

"Had/has/have been" is usually used for something that was done in the past and still applies (multiple events).
"Was/were" usually applies to something done in the past that no longer applies (single event).

America was one of the most popular destinations, but that no longer applies.

And, of course, context is really important. Examples:

Brent had been running to get fit.
Brent was running to get fit.
_________________

Have an MBA application Question? ASK ME ANYTHING!

My Stuff: Four Years to 760 | MBA Trends for Indian Applicants

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Jun 2015
Posts: 17
Re: V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2016, 04:10
Brent had never been to an opera before last night. (specified time in the past)

The above sentence should also then use past simple, not past perfect?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 02 Jan 2017
Posts: 1
V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Feb 2017, 10:19
I am very disappointed by the quality of the SC questions, their inconsistent answer choices decision points and their explanations. For example in your expert post, you blatantly contradict yourself, giving an example in the beginning that uses "had been" with "before". Later on, you give the reader a warning to not use "had been" with "before". While I've done the whole group of 700+ SC questions, I felt more confused then before. You don't seem to have a clear understanding of the rules involved in SC, and as a result you cannot apply them in a consistent fashion. Your set of SC questions needs serious rethinking. I will not recommend anyone to study after the GMAT Club SCs.
Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3201
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2017, 03:28
socratead wrote:
I am very disappointed by the quality of the SC questions, their inconsistent answer choices decision points and their explanations. For example in your expert post, you blatantly contradict yourself, giving an example in the beginning that uses "had been" with "before". Later on, you give the reader a warning to not use "had been" with "before". While I've done the whole group of 700+ SC questions, I felt more confused then before. You don't seem to have a clear understanding of the rules involved in SC, and as a result you cannot apply them in a consistent fashion. Your set of SC questions needs serious rethinking. I will not recommend anyone to study after the GMAT Club SCs.


I am not sure whether I understood your concern correctly. I do not see any issue with this question (or the OA / OE). Using past perfect along with words such as "before" and "after" is considered redundant. For this reason E is the correct answer. The same has been explained (correctly) in OE. Could you elaborate why you consider that there is a problem with this question?

P.S.: Questionable examples were cited in a subsequent post, seemingly an oversight. But conceptually both experts point at the same concept, which the subject question tests - Thus I do not see why you would consider the OA or OE confusing. The question is absolutely alright. (I have removed those two examples.)
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Jan 2016
Posts: 82
Reviews Badge
Re: V04-38 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 May 2018, 10:15
Hi Bunuel,

this question needs some serious rethinking, as per egmat course (which I have completed) the using past perfect tense with "before" or "after" is optional it is not redudant as some person marked here.

This question needs some rethinking or the explanation.
Re: V04-38   [#permalink] 14 May 2018, 10:15
Display posts from previous: Sort by

V04-38

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Moderators: chetan2u, Bunuel



GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.