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# V21-20

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Manager
Joined: 19 May 2015
Posts: 129

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16 Feb 2018, 13:37
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

28% (01:00) correct 72% (01:42) wrong based on 25 sessions

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The deer, despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.

A. despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled
B. in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled
C. despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled
D. after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles
E. which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled
Manager
Joined: 19 May 2015
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16 Feb 2018, 13:37
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1
Official Solution:

The deer, despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.

A. despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled
B. in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled
C. despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled
D. after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles
E. which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled

(A) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggle

I’m not crazy about the “despite having traveled… and being free…”, but I’m not 100% sure that it’s wrong. I guess the sequencing makes sense, but it sounds awkward. Then again – “awkwardness” is a lame reason to eliminate an answer choice, especially on the first pass through. (See our beginners’ guide to SC for more on why “awkwardness” shouldn’t be your primary concern.

But the verb tenses are a legit problem. “The deer… has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.” That doesn’t quite work: why would we pair the past perfect (“had predicted”) with an action in present perfect (“has struggled”)? I’d be OK if “has struggled” just said “struggled”, but this version doesn’t work.

More importantly: “the deer” is plural. More on that in a moment. Either way, (A) is out.

(B) in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggle

Sneaky! “Deer” could be either singular or plural, so you have to let the question somehow “tell you” how to handle it. (Here’s an official example of this concept.) In this case, the word “them” is not underlined, so we know that “deer” has to be plural. So the “it” in (B) is wrong.

(C) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggle

I'm OK with basically everything here, except for the verb tenses: there’s no good reason to use the past perfect “had struggled” here, since we have no “time marker” (usually, another action in simple past tense) that occurred later. (C) is gone.

(D) after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggle

I feel kinda bad for the poor deer, because they’re still struggling in the present. But I can’t figure out why we would use present tense here, considering that we have another action in past perfect (“had predicted”). I think we need simple past tense in this case. (D) is gone.

(E) which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggle

The “which” looks fine, “they” agrees with “them” later in the sentence, and the verb tense is finally correct. (E) is the winner

Intern
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
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03 Sep 2018, 22:30
can somebody explain whether "where" after canadian wilderness is correct?
MBA Section Director
Affiliations: GMATClub
Joined: 22 May 2017
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03 Sep 2018, 22:39
1
soumyashree wrote:
can somebody explain whether "where" after canadian wilderness is correct?

soumyashree

wilderness = an uncultivated, uninhabited, and inhospitable region.

"Where" is used to refer to a place.

So the use of "where" after Canadian wilderness is correct
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Joined: 12 Dec 2017
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04 Dec 2018, 08:17
the original sentence has "despite" but the correct answer E removed that contrast by using which. Can someone explain me why contrast is not needed in the correct answer.
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Joined: 02 Dec 2018
Posts: 36
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12 Dec 2018, 14:18
Non underlined part says - The Deer- which means singular. How is they/them correct for a singular entity?
Whats wrong with D?
Had is used for scientists. So simple past must be used for scientists being the subject.
Manager
Status: The darker the night, the nearer the dawn!
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15 Apr 2019, 09:52
prasunsaha3434 wrote:
the original sentence has "despite" but the correct answer E removed that contrast by using which. Can someone explain me why contrast is not needed in the correct answer.
bhavik1995 wrote:
Non underlined part says - The Deer- which means singular. How is they/them correct for a singular entity?
Whats wrong with D?
Had is used for scientists. So simple past must be used for scientists being the subject.

bhavik1995 The sentence strucure will resolve your doubts.

Sentence structure:
Subject - Verb pair
The deer
, which (deer) traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers,
struggled to acclimate to the habitat
that (habitat)
would enable them (deer) to thrive. - Reference of deer in the NON-UNDERLINED part.

prasunsaha3434, The original sentence does intend a contrast.
However, A grammatically correct option is ALWAYS preferred over the ungrammatical meaning-intended sentence.

How one should tackle when there is a meaning change:
2) If stuck between let's say sentence A and B - Both being grammatically correct., Choose the one which does RETAIN the intended meaning.

TakeAway wrote:
Meaning change is ALLOWED if the rest of the options are grammatically INCORRECT.
In this Q as well, the incorrect answer choices are grammatically INCORRECT - A legit problem.

A. despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled
Verb-tense error: It should be in the PAST-TENSE as the non-underlined part has already used PAST-PERFECT tense
B. in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled
Subject-Verb disagreement: Reference of Deer in the non-underlined section is done as a PLURAL-subject (them)
C. despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled
Verb-tense error: It should be in the PAST-TENSE as the non-underlined part has already used PAST-PERFECT tense
D. after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles
Verb-tense error: It should be in the PAST-TENSE as the non-underlined part has already used PAST-PERFECT tense
E. which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled
Correct!

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V21-20   [#permalink] 15 Apr 2019, 09:52
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