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Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high

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Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Oct 2017, 19:35
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Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and technology.

(A) Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus

(B) Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on

(C) In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on

(D) Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus

(E) In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on

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Originally posted by nakib77 on 13 Oct 2005, 13:49.
Last edited by hazelnut on 17 Oct 2017, 19:35, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2011, 07:07
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By focusing only on the number of the word ‘media’, a larger issue has been ignored.

C refers to ‘media’ as plural while D maintains the plurality by referring to the subject as media analyses, Some may debate that it is the media that can analyse and focus and not the analyses by themselves. This is an aberrant proposition, because in any survey or study or report, it is the people behind that do the action, although we do mention that the survey reveals, study indicates and report points out and so on.

But still, can we equate media with media analyses? Logically yes, but not contextually, I suppose. The original text keeps the media as the subject. So C must be the answer for not distorting the subject.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2011, 17:14
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I think what's cool about this question is you don't need to be 100% certain of has/have to be tempted by the right answer. The modifying clause at the beginning is made clearer, and the main verb is simplified. Stylistically, it's a much better choice.

Here's a hint on how to be sure about whether "media" is singular/plural: Do you see another singular/plural world, in the non-underlined portion of the sentence, that tells us the number of "media" as used here?
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2010, 22:57
Can you please tell me the source as well....
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2010, 10:31
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amneetpadda wrote:
Can you please tell me the source as well....

hi

if you see carefully its avery old post hence the author may not be very active on the forum !!...

Guys , for a second I was confused in deciding whether the media is singular or plural word ......

So i read the question again ....see carefully in the second part it says but they have generally overlooked

hence the question itself tells you ....once this as done then straight C ...cheers
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2011, 17:17
Hi Adam.....you nailed it ....its the word media that led me to choose a wrong ans. I do see expenditures as plural. How do you suggest i tackle this..thanks
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2011, 17:28
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Again, there's another word later on that tells us whether "media" is singular or plural. Once you see this, there's no longer any question.
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New post 08 Jan 2011, 17:34
ah !..have focussed on high costs !
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2011, 17:37
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The clue I'm actually talking about is the pronoun "they" later in the sentence. They is plural, and it's not underlined, and it without question refers to the "media." Thus, MEDIA IS PLURAL, so if media is the subject, it must be "have."

Whenever you have a confusion over subject/verb, look for a pronoun clue; whenever you have confusion over pronoun/antecedent, look for a verb clue. It doesn't always work, but sometimes there's extra info dropped for you there!
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2011, 21:16
+1 C

"...has had as a focus" sounds ackward, doesn't it?
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2011, 22:31
metallicafan wrote:
+1 C

"...has had as a focus" sounds ackward, doesn't it?
.

Yes and it's grammatically incorrect as well ... I am curious though if "Have had as a focus" can be accepted if all other choices are wrong grammatically

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2011, 00:28
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True- the textual ‘the media has had as a focus' is grammatically wrong because of number disagreement.

However the issue here is whether choice D is correct. If that choice were to be discussed in an independent context, I would say it is a perfect sentence with a plural subject and a plural verb. But if the topic were a GMAT question, and if there were serious grammatical errors in choices ABCE, leaving only D as the best of the bads, then we may have to reconcile to D in spite of the distorted intent. In GMAT can you skip a question? You won't get the next question.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2014, 21:58
Can anyone explain why D is incorrect here?

Media can very well be either singular or plural. D takes into account the use of "they" by using a plural subject. Also, I'm not sure how it can be reasoned in good faith that "analyses" cannot focus or ignore.

I just can't see why D is the wrong option. Since media can take either a plural or singular verb, while analyses must take a plural verb, is D not the more fool proof option?

I have read everything in this thread and the MGMAT thread. The common line is that the analyses cannot "overlook" something. However, can we not say "his analysis of the problem overlooks several key factors...." Is that not a correct sentence?
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New post 12 Jan 2014, 00:57
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forevertfc wrote:
Can anyone explain why D is incorrect here?

Media can very well be either singular or plural. D takes into account the use of "they" by using a plural subject. Also, I'm not sure how it can be reasoned in good faith that "analyses" cannot focus or ignore.

I just can't see why D is the wrong option. Since media can take either a plural or singular verb, while analyses must take a plural verb, is D not the more fool proof option?

I have read everything in this thread and the MGMAT thread. The common line is that the analyses cannot "overlook" something. However, can we not say "his analysis of the problem overlooks several key factors...." Is that not a correct sentence?


Before we start looking at the options, let's do some pre-thinking and remove modifiers and prep phrases (that are not underlined)

Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and technology.

Also, the subject of the second independent clause is plural, and hence media must be plural.

A. Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
Wrong option as media is singular. Doesn't agree with the question stem.

B. Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
they seem to refer to analyses. Wrong.
C. In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
The media have focused on X, but they have overlooked Y - perfect construction with SV agreeing in number. Also, the co-ordinating conjunction 'but' separates the independent clauses well. No issues.
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
they refers to media analyses and hence this choice is wrong. How can media analyses overlook the cost of actually administering elections ? So D, is wrong.
E. In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on
SV error again

Hope this is clear.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 12:00
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Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and technology.

(A) Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
- "media has" = incorrectly singular. hint: in the non-underlined part of the passage, "they have" -- so media = plural.

(B) Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
- same as "A"

(C) In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
- correct as is

(D) Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
- "media analyses ... have had as a focus" = awkward, wordy, and passive.

(E) In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on
- same as "A"

definitely a helpful tip to pay attention to pronouns/other info that is not underlined so you can anchor what words to use in the underlined portion

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 23:55
Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and technology.

(A) Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus - Subject-verb agreement issue -- Media is plural here -- they have..

(B) Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on - they refers to analyses

(C) In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on - Correct

(D) Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus - parallelism issue - have had as a focus... but have overlooked...

(E) In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on - Subject-verb agreement issue as A

Answer C
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