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# Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2011, 19:15
ajit257 wrote:
Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low
ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually
administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and
technology.

A. Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
B. Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
C. In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
E. In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on

'they have' in the non-underlined part, explains that media is plural,
So A, B, E are out.
I am not sure about 'as a focus' in D.
C looks better.

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2011, 16:37
The choice is pretty clear here -- C.

But on a related note on Latin plurals...It's always tricky with words like MEDIA, DATA and so on. The plural usage is usually considered standard in the academic circles -- but I doubt GMAT will test this stuff. GMAT questions usually tend to be full proof.

This question of course clearly states that "media are" in the non-underlined section.

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2011, 18:47
DevilDoggNC wrote:
The choice is pretty clear here -- C.

But on a related note on Latin plurals...It's always tricky with words like MEDIA, DATA and so on. The plural usage is usually considered standard in the academic circles -- but I doubt GMAT will test this stuff. GMAT questions usually tend to be full proof.

This question of course clearly states that "media are" in the non-underlined section.

Yes, I was pretty stumped too at first reviewing my answers, since my SC auto alert had come on as soon as it saw a collective noun being used (media).

However, words like MEDIA and DATA are very tricky, since we rarely use their singular forms in this context (yes, these words are plural). The singular for Media is of course Medium (which is never used in the similar context) and the singular for Data (Datum) is also rarely used outside strictly scientific circles. These latin words can trick you up, but in this question (much to my detriment) the GMAT gave other clues in the non-underlined stem, that many miss.

However, I believe that the GMAT will usually always treat DATA as plural as well. I think I may have seen an example or two in the OG where DATA is used in its correct plural form.

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2011, 19:25
+1 for C.

A tricky question indeed.

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2011, 08:44

Initially, I have confusion between eliminate answer choice based on 'focus on/focus' or 'have/has'. Your hint helps me out. C is my final answer choice. Just look broader :D
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2012, 06:17
There is nothing wrong with D.

And I am surprised how AdamKnewton has missed the point by far, and people now are not thinking about it.
This should come under the category of "controversial", as putting D as an option is fairly illogical here.

Coming to media, in standard english, even terms such as 'jury' ,'çrowd' sometimes take the plural verb; but GMAT categorically considers them singular.

How "media" suddenly become plural here ?
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2012, 10:31
ajit257 wrote:
Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low
ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually
administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and
technology.

A. Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
B. Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
C. In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
E. In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on

I am confused between the usage of has or have
Will provide OA later

What's wrong with D?

Media analyses (Plural) ... have had ... but they ...

Sounds good to me

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 07:52
Good question! Very tricky

Takeaway:

Always read the entire sentence and see what the pronouns are referring to!
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 06:27
gamatack wrote:
ajit257 wrote:
Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low
ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually
administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and
technology.

A. Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
B. Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
C. In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
E. In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on

I am confused between the usage of has or have
Will provide OA later

What's wrong with D?

Media analyses (Plural) ... have had ... but they ...

Sounds good to me

Can one of the experts explain whats wrong with D?
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 06:35
Transcendentalist wrote:

Can one of the experts explain whats wrong with D?

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/gma ... 10268.html

hope it helps..
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 07:17
Transcendentalist wrote:

Can one of the experts explain whats wrong with D?

D changes the meaning of the sentence and the phrasing have had as a focus doesn't sound right...
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2014, 21:58
Can anyone explain why D is incorrect here?

Media can very well be either singular or plural. D takes into account the use of "they" by using a plural subject. Also, I'm not sure how it can be reasoned in good faith that "analyses" cannot focus or ignore.

I just can't see why D is the wrong option. Since media can take either a plural or singular verb, while analyses must take a plural verb, is D not the more fool proof option?

I have read everything in this thread and the MGMAT thread. The common line is that the analyses cannot "overlook" something. However, can we not say "his analysis of the problem overlooks several key factors...." Is that not a correct sentence?

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 00:57
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forevertfc wrote:
Can anyone explain why D is incorrect here?

Media can very well be either singular or plural. D takes into account the use of "they" by using a plural subject. Also, I'm not sure how it can be reasoned in good faith that "analyses" cannot focus or ignore.

I just can't see why D is the wrong option. Since media can take either a plural or singular verb, while analyses must take a plural verb, is D not the more fool proof option?

I have read everything in this thread and the MGMAT thread. The common line is that the analyses cannot "overlook" something. However, can we not say "his analysis of the problem overlooks several key factors...." Is that not a correct sentence?

Before we start looking at the options, let's do some pre-thinking and remove modifiers and prep phrases (that are not underlined)

Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and technology.

Also, the subject of the second independent clause is plural, and hence media must be plural.

A. Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
Wrong option as media is singular. Doesn't agree with the question stem.

B. Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
they seem to refer to analyses. Wrong.
C. In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
The media have focused on X, but they have overlooked Y - perfect construction with SV agreeing in number. Also, the co-ordinating conjunction 'but' separates the independent clauses well. No issues.
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
they refers to media analyses and hence this choice is wrong. How can media analyses overlook the cost of actually administering elections ? So D, is wrong.
E. In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on
SV error again

Hope this is clear.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2014, 16:22
sivasanjeev wrote:
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
they refers to media analyses and hence this choice is wrong. How can media analyses overlook the cost of actually administering elections ? So D, is wrong.

Here is a correct answer choice from an MGMAT CAT

"A recent study has found that most eligible American workers fail to make the maximum allowed contribution to their employer-offered retirement plans; among the explanations cited are increasing worker mobility between companies, poor financial planning on the workers' part, and excess complexity in the plans themselves."

The prompt was as follows:

"Citing increasing worker mobility between companies, poor financial planning by workers, and finding that the plans themselves are excessively complex, the authors of a recent study have found that most eligible American workers had not made the maximum allowed contribution to their employer-offered retirement plans."

How is what we are talking about any different? How can "a recent study" find something, yet "media analyses" cannot overlook?

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2014, 10:28
Can someone please shed some more light on options C & D.Specifically,why is D wrong?
(I agree C is better if we consider 'media' as plural)

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2014, 12:53
See the above explanation provided by @sivasanjeev
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 00:41
dreamchase wrote:
There is nothing wrong with D.

And I am surprised how AdamKnewton has missed the point by far, and people now are not thinking about it.
This should come under the category of "controversial", as putting D as an option is fairly illogical here.

Coming to media, in standard english, even terms such as 'jury' ,'çrowd' sometimes take the plural verb; but GMAT categorically considers them singular.

How "media" suddenly become plural here ?

agreed,I'm very suspect about the source of this question.

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 02:16
samsmalldog wrote:
dreamchase wrote:
There is nothing wrong with D.

And I am surprised how AdamKnewton has missed the point by far, and people now are not thinking about it.
This should come under the category of "controversial", as putting D as an option is fairly illogical here.

Coming to media, in standard english, even terms such as 'jury' ,'çrowd' sometimes take the plural verb; but GMAT categorically considers them singular.

How "media" suddenly become plural here ?

agreed,I'm very suspect about the source of this question.

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What are modifiers ??

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 02:59
sivasanjeev wrote:
samsmalldog wrote:
dreamchase wrote:
There is nothing wrong with D.

And I am surprised how AdamKnewton has missed the point by far, and people now are not thinking about it.
This should come under the category of "controversial", as putting D as an option is fairly illogical here.

Coming to media, in standard english, even terms such as 'jury' ,'çrowd' sometimes take the plural verb; but GMAT categorically considers them singular.

How "media" suddenly become plural here ?

agreed,I'm very suspect about the source of this question.

Thanks pal,I read your post before,C is the best choice here but I still wondering whether media should be plural. One of the rule in GMAT is that such word is considered to be singular,but in this sentence, we have no choice.

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 05:24
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samsmalldog wrote:
Thanks pal,I read your post before,C is the best choice here but I still wondering whether media should be plural. One of the rule in GMAT is that such word is considered to be singular,but in this sentence, we have no choice.

Well buddy, GMAT is not an exam based on rules alone. GMAT is about logic or your understanding (within the framework or the context of the question stem)

Whether 'media' is singular or plural is highly inconclusive, better worry about the context than wrestling over the word (in true sense)
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2014, 05:24

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