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Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly

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Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2015, 23:02
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The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent. Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

A. The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.

B. Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.

C. Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.

D. Some dictators have been supported by the United States.

E. At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Harley1980 on 09 Jul 2015, 06:17, edited 1 time in total.
OA added

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 01:14
My pick is option E.

waiting for OE.

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 02:17
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souvik101990 wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent. Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

A. The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.

B. Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.

C. Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.

D. Some dictators have been supported by the United States.

E. At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.


CONCLUSION- Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protectionswillsystematically suppress dissent.

"A" contradicts the conclusion.... U could say " but UK doesnt "..... ie gives example through which conclusion weakened..... ANS = "A"....imo

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 07:20
Conclusion : Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent
Absence of equally extensive protection = systematic suppression of dissent
B, C, D dont have any influence on the conclusion
even if E were true it doesnt compromise the conclusion
IMO (A)
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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2015, 22:32
souvik101990 wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent. Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

A. The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.

B. Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.

C. Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.

D. Some dictators have been supported by the United States.

E. At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.


The question stem says: Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

The conclusion is made for all such democracies which "do not enforce equally extensive protections", and the conclusion is that any such democracy will "systematically suppress dissent". Hence, any option that contradicts this statement, i.e. provides example of a democracy which "doesn't enforce equally extensive protections" and still doesn't "systematically suppress dissent" will be the one.

Only option A provides such an example and hence that is my pick.
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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 03:24
option A provides reason to believe that without having protective amendments also the issue can be dealt with hence it weakens the
argument

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 05:10
ans A...
statement one weakens the argument as the arguement includes all democracy and A provides an exception...
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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2015, 07:09
Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

A. The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
Weakens. provide alternative.

B. Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
Irelevant

C. Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
strengthens.

D. Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
irrelevant

E. At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.
Trap. It talks about democratic countries but it never states anything about extensive protections so there maybe chance that those have extensive protections but still suppress dissent.

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2015, 07:20
souvik101990 wrote:
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent. Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

A. The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.

B. Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.

C. Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.

D. Some dictators have been supported by the United States.

E. At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.


Its A.
CAUSE--->NO EFFECT
This weakens
:-D

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2017, 22:34
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Type - weakens

This argument states that the United States created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable intrusions. It observes that such intrusions are often committed by dictatorships. It then makes a rather sweeping conclusion that any country without similar protections will suppress dissent. Such a broad conclusion could be weakened by citing one case in which that pattern does not hold.

A. The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent. - This choice cites a country without such protections that does not suppress dissent. One example weakens the conclusion, which said no country would refrain from suppressing dissent without such protections.-Correct
B. Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries. - This choice is irrelevant, as the conclusion does not address the effectiveness of different types of government. In fact, as it is limited to democracies; any information about dictatorships is irrelevant.
C. Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war. - This choice does not weaken the argument. The conclusion said “systematically suppress dissent” and this statement talks about “haphazard” suppression under special circumstances. Furthermore, we do not know if these democracies had equally extensive protections.
D. Some dictators have been supported by the United States. - Whether or not the United States supported a dictatorship is irrelevant to the conclusion that democracies without extensive protections will eventually suppress dissent.
E. At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent. - This choice, if anything, strengthens the argument. It presents the example of democracies without such protections that do suppress dissent.

Answer A
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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2017, 20:29
ok, how do we know that UK is a democracy? is that supposed to be general knowledge assumed to be known by the test taker?

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2017, 23:15
The American Revolution arose partly in response to British general search warrants, which gave arbitrary and intrusive powers to government officers. Thus, the founders created the Fourth Amendment to protect against unreasonable and warrant-less intrusions of privacy by a powerful and partisan federal government. During the 20th century, countless dictators have used arbitrary and intrusive surveillance to monitor and suppress dissidents. Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the argument?

Type: Weaken

Conclusion: Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections will systematically suppress dissent.

How to weaken?
1) A similar situation but a different outcome: Any democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections BUT ALSO DOESNOT SUPPRESSES DISSENT.
2) Something that breaks the cause and effect link.


A. The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.
A similar situation but a different outcome. This option may weaken the argument.

B. Many dictators have been very beneficial and constructive leaders for their countries.
This falls outside the scope of the problem.

C. Many democracies have haphazardly used surveillance to monitor dissidents and suppress dissent during times of war.
This option talks about democracy but the argument talks about a democracy that does not enforce equally extensive protections. Therefore, democracy in the argument is a democracy with a certain condition. It also doesn't attack the cause and effect link.

D. Some dictators have been supported by the United States.
Out od scope of the problem.

E. At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.
But we have no information whether the democracy in the former Soviet Union practices extensive protections or not.

Thus, option A.

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Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2017, 02:54
chetan2u wrote:
ans A...
statement one weakens the argument as the arguement includes all democracy and A provides an exception...



Hello Expert,

But how are we supposed to understand that the "United Kingdom" is a democracy.

Nowhere is that evident.

am i right? or is there a catch i am not getting?

Thanks and Regards,
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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2017, 03:12
chetan2u wrote:
ans A...
statement one weakens the argument as the arguement includes all democracy and A provides an exception...



We have to assume that UK is a democratic nation. No where it is implied in the passage that UK is democratic. In this Case wont E make a better option?

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 11:49
boiled down to A and E, but I picked E => :(
Now I realize that "any" and "at least" are traps.
E talks about some democracy still has suppress on dissent.
A talks about no suppress on dissent while no protection against dictator. => A is correct

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 00:59
goforgmat wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
ans A...
statement one weakens the argument as the arguement includes all democracy and A provides an exception...



We have to assume that UK is a democratic nation. No where it is implied in the passage that UK is democratic. In this Case wont E make a better option?


A>
The United Kingdom’s parliamentary system does not have such extensive protections but has never systematically suppressed dissent.

parliamentary system => democracy
if there is no parliament system, it has be ruled by dictatorship.

E. At least some countries in the former Soviet Union now have democratic elections but still suppress dissent.

E is missing an important link.
democracy+ no extensive protection system => suppress dissent

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 08:52
the passage talks about the system => C,E are out
the key word here is "any" => A is correct b/c it points out a case that the conclusion does not hold true.

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Re: Weaken Revision: The American Revolution arose partly   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2017, 08:52
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