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# What brought the automobile company back from the verge of

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Joined: 21 Jan 2007
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What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 Jun 2019, 01:26
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

71% (00:47) correct 29% (00:57) wrong based on 204 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 240
Page: 691

What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War was a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls.

(A) What brought
(B) The thing that brought
(C) That which brought
(D) Bringing
(E) What has brought

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/08/27/archives/letters-birth-of-a-useuropeopec-triangle.html

Shortly after World War II, the Ford Motor Company was on the verge of bankruptcy. New management, brought in by Henry Ford 2d, did much to save the company.

But the key to Ford's salvation was not in management; it was in a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase, allowed during a period of blanket wage and price controls. Since then, Ford has prospered, returning to the nation billions of dollars in taxes. More importantly, it now employs over 500,000 people in the United States alone.

Choice A is best. The verb tense is correct and the pronoun what refers most concisely and idiomatically to the noun increase. It may help to imagine a simplified version of the sentence and substitute the other answer choices for "The price increase was what brought..." Both B and C are unnecessarily word, and C is awkward and unidiomatic. Both D and E are faulty in tense; Bringing suggests an ongoing condition and is incompatible with an action that was completed shortly after the Second World War. Similarly, has brought indicates action that continues up to the present; the past tense brought is needed to parallel was.

Originally posted by bmwhype2 on 23 Jun 2007, 19:18.
Last edited by hazelnut on 05 Jun 2019, 01:26, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2016, 10:15
3
2
To understand why what has is not correct would depend on understanding he structure of sentence....

"What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War" is a NOUN clause and is the SUBJECT of the sentence.
This is the better way to use a noun clause as the SUBJECT

And second and stronger reason is TENSE..
Even if we say the structure can be correct, the tense HAS does not go well with WAS used in later half
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2007, 00:18
bmwhype2 wrote:
918. What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War was a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls.
(A) What brought
(B) The thing that brought
(C) That which brought
(D) Bringing
(E) What has brought

POE -

B - its not "thing"
C - that which - awkward construction
D - bringing - not a correct modifier
E - tense change

B, C, D, E - out

A - best choice.
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2007, 00:23
2
bmwhype2 wrote:
918. What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War was a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls.
(A) What brought
(B) The thing that brought
(C) That which brought
(D) Bringing
(E) What has brought

"the thing","that" are incorrect/unnecessary prepositions.
Bringing is incorrect use of gerund.

A/E are left

What brought ......was special
What has brought.... was special => incorret

Go with A
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 19 Mar 2018, 08:06
1
Can you elaborate on the use of gerunds? All i know is gerunds are verbs that end in -ing and act as nouns. Not too sure about the application of gerunds in sentences...

Nevermind. I answered and figured out what was wrong.

Brought is a verb. Replacing it with a noun completely obliterates the sentence and makes it awkward.

vay wrote:
go with answer A.

What brought the company .........was a special .... is the correct usage.

Thanks. This explains why we didnt change the tense of brought. This rules out E, making A the only correct answer. :pa

Originally posted by bmwhype2 on 27 Jun 2007, 23:06.
Last edited by mvictor on 19 Mar 2018, 08:06, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2016, 10:55
1
Why D is wrong?

Can anyone please explain in more details?

"governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls."
How is this modifier work? ( structure)
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2016, 09:31
nahid78 wrote:
Why D is wrong?

Can anyone please explain in more details?

"governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls."
How is this modifier work? ( structure)

Your query 1:
The main verb in the sentence is "was" - in option D there is no subject for this verb.

Your query 2:
"Increase" in a noun - "allowed" is a past participle referring to the noun.

The structure of the sentence in simplified form is:

What brought the company back was a price increase allowed during a period.
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2016, 00:48
1
sayantanc2k wrote:
Your query 1:
The main verb in the sentence is "was" - in option D there is no subject for this verb.

Your query 2:
"Increase" in a noun - "allowed" is a past participle referring to the noun.

The structure of the sentence in simplified form is:

What brought the company back was a price increase allowed during a period.

Hi,
The main verb in the sentence is "was" - in option D there is no subject for this verb. - In this isn't automobile industry the subject for was?
Can you please explain with an easy example plz.
Thanks
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2016, 09:23
1
rakaisraka wrote:
Hi,
The main verb in the sentence is "was" - in option D there is no subject for this verb. - In this isn't automobile industry the subject for was?
Can you please explain with an easy example plz.
Thanks

The following example replicates the issue exactly:

Option A: What brought him back was his love for her... "what brought him back" = subject, "was"= verb
Option D: Bringing him back was his love for her... would you say "him" is the subject for "was"?
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2016, 16:04
1
Option D above : from your example its clear that Him is not the subject , I think i got confused because sometimes gerund ( ING form of verbs) also act as subjects.
For example : Drinking water is expensive in europe , however it seems like in option D something lacks .. which is subject.
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2016, 10:51
rakaisraka wrote:
Option D above : from your example its clear that Him is not the subject , I think i got confused because sometimes gerund ( ING form of verbs) also act as subjects.
For example : Drinking water is expensive in europe , however it seems like in option D something lacks .. which is subject.

Actually "him" and " automobile company" both are objects of the present participle ( or gerund - depends how you look at it) "bringing". Therefore as you had thought " automobile company" cannot be the subject.

Coming to your last point,
If you consider "bringing" a gerund (the subject of "was"), then the sentence becomes:

Bringing back was a special price. This sentence does not make any sense.

"Bringing" can also be considered a present participle, in which case, there is no subject for the verb "was" as already explained.
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2017, 07:07
1
What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War was a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls.

(A) What brought - perfect
(B) The thing that brought
(C) That which brought - that has no precedent
(D) Bringing - results in a fragment
(E) What has brought - the action of bringing automobile company from A to B is completed.
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2018, 09:19
1
bmwhype2 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 240
Page: 691

What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War was a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls.

(A) What brought
(B) The thing that brought
(C) That which brought
(D) Bringing
(E) What has brought

(A) What brought - Correct.

(B) The thing that brought - The thing cannot be a sanctioned price.

(C) That which brought - No antecedent to 'That'.

(D) Bringing - Tense error. We need a past tense here.

(E) What has brought - Same as D.

Answer: A
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Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2018, 13:55
bmwhype2 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 240
Page: 691

What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War was a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls.

(A) What brought
(B) The thing that brought
(C) That which brought
(D) Bringing
(E) What has brought

I thought Bringing was a noun and the subject as well.. Why is it wrong (Option D)
Re: What brought the automobile company back from the verge of   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2018, 13:55
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