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Re: What is the remainder when 3^37 is divided by 10 ? [#permalink]
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Mansouri wrote:
What is the remainder when 3^37 is divided by 10 ?

A. 1
B. 3
C. 6
D. 7
E. 9

Bunuel,

can you please explain it? thanks.

­

When dividing a positive integer by 10, the remainder is always the units digit of that integer. For instance, 123 divided by 10 yields the remainder of 3. Hence, essentially we need to find the units digit of 3^37.

For that, we can use the cyclicity of 3 in positive integer power, which is four, meaning that the units digit of 3 in positive integer power repeats in blocks of four {3, 9, 7, 1}{3, 9, 7, 1}...

    3^1 = 3
    3^2 = 9
    3^3 = 27
    3^4 = 81
    3^5 = 243
    ...
 
The power, 37, is 1 greater than a multiple of 4, so the units digit of 3^37 will be the first number in the cyclicity block, which is 3, giving the remainder of 3 when divided by 10.

Answer: B.­

Theory is here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/math-number- ... 88376.html

Check Units digits, exponents, remainders problems directory in our Special Questions Directory.

Hope it helps.­­­
GMAT Club Bot
Re: What is the remainder when 3^37 is divided by 10 ? [#permalink]
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