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Director  B
Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small
Joined: 14 Jul 2010
Posts: 503
What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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4
28 00:00

Difficulty:   25% (medium)

Question Stats: 77% (02:15) correct 23% (02:25) wrong based on 592 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics What is the sum of the integers in the table above?

(A) 28
(B) 112
(C) 336
(D) 448
(E) 784

Attachment: Table.jpg [ 55.21 KiB | Viewed 17771 times ]

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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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10
6
Baten80 wrote:
Attachment:
Table.jpg

What is the sum of the integers in the table above?

(A) 28
(B) 112
(C) 336
(D) 448
(E) 784

All rows are evenly spaced.
The numbers in 4th column are the averages of respective rows.
Every row has 7 elements.

Thus,
Total = (4-8+12-16+20-24+28)*7 = (64-48)*7= 16*7= 112

Ans: "B"
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Director  B
Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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2
fluke wrote:
Baten80 wrote:
Attachment:
Table.jpg

What is the sum of the integers in the table above?

(A) 28
(B) 112
(C) 336
(D) 448
(E) 784

All rows are evenly spaced.
The numbers in 4th column are the averages of respective rows.
Every row has 7 elements.

Thus,
Total = (4-8+12-16+20-24+28)*7 = (64-48)*7= 16*7= 112

Ans: "B"

Why will we multiply the sum of column by 7?
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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2
Baten80 wrote:
Why will we multiply the sum of column by 7?

Take 1 row at a time

1st row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 4*7
2nd row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -8*7
3rd row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 12*7
4th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -16*7
5th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 20*7
6th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -24*7
7th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 28*7

4*7+(-8)*7+12*7+(-16)*7+20*7+(-24)*7+28*7
Take 7 common:
7(4-8+12-16+20-24+28)
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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2
I went for a different approach, the sum of every coulmn came as a multiple of 4, starting from 4, and there are 7 columns.

So sum = 4 + 8 + 12 + 16 + 20 + 24 + 28

= 112

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Posts: 653
Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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1
1
=(1+2+3+4+5+6+7)(1-2+3-4+5-6+7)
=112

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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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3
Each row - ( 1+2+3+4+5+6+7) = 28
Let that be a constant A = 28.
Now, visual analysis shows that each row is a multiple of A,
as
row 1 = A
row 2 = -2(A)
row 3 = 3(A)

and so on.

Hence, we get A- 2A + 3A-4A+5A-6A+7A = 4A => 4* 28
= 112.
Thanks.
Intern  Joined: 18 Dec 2011
Posts: 3
Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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Guys,
what do you thing is the level of a difficulty of the such question? Anyone knows?
Thanks
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53831
What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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YuraK wrote:
Guys,
what do you thing is the level of a difficulty of the such question? Anyone knows?
Thanks

I'd say it's 600 level question.

Check similar one to practice: https://gmatclub.com/forum/what-is-the- ... 26125.html
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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fluke wrote:
Baten80 wrote:
Why will we multiply the sum of column by 7?

Take 1 row at a time

1st row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 4*7
2nd row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -8*7
3rd row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 12*7
4th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -16*7
5th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 20*7
6th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -24*7
7th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 28*7

4*7+(-8)*7+12*7+(-16)*7+20*7+(-24)*7+28*7
Take 7 common:
7(4-8+12-16+20-24+28)

Hello Fluke
just to make sure I understood
as thoses questions look tricky and time consuming

first each line is a AP Progression
you use the average formula in reverse to find the sum
since in an AP Progression the mean or average is the same as median number
and then you factorise by 7 to complete the sum and multiply it by 7 as each line is a multiple of 7

right ?

Thanks for help

best regards
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Posts: 41
Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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subhashghosh wrote:
I went for a different approach, the sum of every coulmn came as a multiple of 4, starting from 4, and there are 7 columns.

So sum = 4 + 8 + 12 + 16 + 20 + 24 + 28

= 112

hello
why do you have added all the average plz explain

thanks for your help

best regards
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53831
What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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1
1
2
keiraria wrote:
fluke wrote:
Baten80 wrote:
Why will we multiply the sum of column by 7?

Take 1 row at a time

1st row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 4*7
2nd row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -8*7
3rd row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 12*7
4th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -16*7
5th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 20*7
6th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = -24*7
7th row: Total = Average*Number of elements = 28*7

4*7+(-8)*7+12*7+(-16)*7+20*7+(-24)*7+28*7
Take 7 common:
7(4-8+12-16+20-24+28)

Hello Fluke
just to make sure I understood
as thoses questions look tricky and time consuming

first each line is a AP Progression
you use the average formula in reverse to find the sum
since in an AP Progression the mean or average is the same as median number
and then you factorise by 7 to complete the sum and multiply it by 7 as each line is a multiple of 7

right ?

Thanks for help

best regards Each row represents an evenly spaced set (aka arithmetic progression). In any evenly spaced set the arithmetic mean (average) is equal to the median and the sum of the terms in any evenly spaced set is the mean (average) multiplied by the number of terms.

The median of each row is the middle number and each row has 7 numbers in it so the sum of the table is:

$$7*4+7*(-8)+7*12+7*(-16)+7*20+7*(-24)+7*28=7(4-8+12-16+20-24+28)=112$$.

keiraria wrote:
subhashghosh wrote:
I went for a different approach, the sum of every coulmn came as a multiple of 4, starting from 4, and there are 7 columns.

So sum = 4 + 8 + 12 + 16 + 20 + 24 + 28

= 112

hello
why do you have added all the average plz explain

thanks for your help

best regards

Those are not averages, but the sums of the numbers in each column.
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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2
Let X be the sum of 1 to 7 = 28
1st row = x
2nd row=-2x
3rd row=3x
4th row = -4x
5th row = 5x
6th row = -6x
7th row = 7x
Total = [x-2x+3x-4x+5x-6x+7x]
= 4x=4*28=112
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53831
Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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Bumping for review and further discussion*. Get a kudos point for an alternative solution!

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE

DS questions on Arithmetic: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=30
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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Baten80 wrote:
Attachment:
Table.jpg

What is the sum of the integers in the table above?

(A) 28
(B) 112
(C) 336
(D) 448
(E) 784

from first row take out 1 in common==>sum =1((7*8)/2)
from 2nd row take out 2 in common==>sum =-2((7*8/2)
...
.
.
.from 7th row take out 7 in common==>sum= 7((7*8)/2)
now we have to add all ...each row has (7*8)/2=28 in common
take 28 common from all===>28(1-2+3-4+5-6+7)=28*4=112
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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B is correct. Here is my solution:
Attachments Sum of integers.png [ 25.72 KiB | Viewed 14772 times ]

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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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Baten80 wrote:
Attachment:
Table.jpg

What is the sum of the integers in the table above?

(A) 28
(B) 112
(C) 336
(D) 448
(E) 784

I think the best way to solve this type of problems is to try to cancel out some of the numbers before operating since you have positives and negatives.
I quickly realized that lines 1,3 and 4 could cancel out. Then by combining lines 5,6 and 7 you get the same numbers in line 6 but with different signs. So you can actually then combine that one with line 2 and just get a series of multiples by 4 starting with 4+8+12....+28.

So 7 terms average 16 = 112

It seems more complicated than it really is. I guess one could find other patterns and even cancel something else out, but you should not overthink it.
At least cancel 2/3 lines and then you can start adding/subtracting to get another evenly spaced set of numbers.

Hope it helps
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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One more approach:

Look at each column starting from last.

The difference between each pair of numbers (beyond the first number) results same.

For example, in the last column:

-14+21 = 7. -28+35 = 7. -42+49 = 7. The first entry of that column is 7.
So we have 4*7 = 28 as sum of the last column.

Similarly, sum of preceding column = 4*6 = 24
Ones before that results in:

4*5
4*4
4*3
4*2
4*1

So result is 4* (1+2+3+4+5+6+7) = 112.
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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What is the sum of the integers in the table above?

(A) 28
(B) 112
(C) 336
(D) 448
(E) 784

It can be solved as following (1+2+3+4+5+6+7)*4=112. How we can come to it?

We have seven rows, right? We can add corresponding numbers in row 7 to row 6 (positive number to negative number) for instance: 49+(-42)=7; 42+(-36)=6; 35+(-30)=5; 28+(-24)=4; 21+(-18)=3; 14+(-12)=2; 7+(-6)=1.

We can do the same calculations for the corresponding numbers of rows 5 and 4 as well as of rows 3 and 2 and all the time we will have the same results (1+2+3+4+5+6+7). Since we have four such calculations, including 1st row, we just proceed with: (1+2+3+4+5+6+7)*4=112
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Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?  [#permalink]

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Baten80 wrote:
Attachment:
Table.jpg

What is the sum of the integers in the table above?

(A) 28
(B) 112
(C) 336
(D) 448
(E) 784

Sum of first row is 28.
Sum of second row is -56.
Sum of third row is 84.
By this point I realized the rows are in multiples of 28.

difference between first and second row is -28. likewise, difference of 3-4 row and 5-6 row will be -28, -28.
28 * 7 = 196
-28 * 3 = -84.
196 + (-84) = 112. Re: What is the sum of the integers in the table above?   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2016, 01:00

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