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When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ti

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When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ti [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2017, 07:34
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sOURCE: McGra Hill GMAT 2013

When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ticket was $135.
Three decades later, the average price is $275, there are twice as many in-air
collisions, fliers in small markets are at the mercy of predatory carriers, and air rage is at
an all-time high. It is time to re-regulate the air travel industry.

All of the following statements, if true, weaken the above argument except for which statement?

A. Because of inflation, a $275 ticket today is actually 10 to 20 percent less expensive than a $135 ticket was in 1975.
B. Deregulation has increased the choices available to fliers in terms of both time of flight and carrier.
C. Airlines are currently flying more than five times as many passenger miles per year as they did in 1975.
D. Compared with passengers in large urban areas, passengers in small markets pay,
on average, twice as much per mile flown on domestic flights because their airports are generally served by fewer airlines.
E. Psychologists have been able to determine no connection between the deregulation of the airline industry and the onset of increased levels of air rage.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ti [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 Jan 2017, 22:11
SajjadAhmad wrote:
sOURCE: McGra Hill GMAT 2013

When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ticket was $135.
Three decades later, the average price is $275, there are twice as many in-air
collisions, fliers in small markets are at the mercy of predatory carriers, and air rage is at
an all-time high. It is time to re-regulate the air travel industry.

All of the following statements, if true, weaken the above argument except for which statement?

A. Because of inflation, a $275 ticket today is actually 10 to 20 percent less expensive than a $135 ticket was in 1975.
B. Deregulation has increased the choices available to fliers in terms of both time of flight and carrier.
C. Airlines are currently flying more than five times as many passenger miles per year as they did in 1975.
D. Compared with passengers in large urban areas, passengers in small markets pay,
on average, twice as much per mile flown on domestic flights because their airports are generally served by fewer airlines.
E. Psychologists have been able to determine no connection between the deregulation of the airline industry and the onset of increased levels of air rage.

I was confused between D and E. I marked E as D says that fliers in smaller market are forced to pay twice the price as only few airlines are operative there. This kinda tells one of the de-merits of deregulation. Where is my understanding wrong ?

Originally posted by ankujgupta on 27 Jan 2017, 10:24.
Last edited by ankujgupta on 27 Jan 2017, 22:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ti [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2017, 19:30
ankujgupta wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
sOURCE: McGra Hill GMAT 2013

When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ticket was $135.
Three decades later, the average price is $275, there are twice as many in-air
collisions, fliers in small markets are at the mercy of predatory carriers, and air rage is at
an all-time high. It is time to re-regulate the air travel industry.

All of the following statements, if true, weaken the above argument except for which statement?

A. Because of inflation, a $275 ticket today is actually 10 to 20 percent less expensive than a $135 ticket was in 1975.
B. Deregulation has increased the choices available to fliers in terms of both time of flight and carrier.
C. Airlines are currently flying more than five times as many passenger miles per year as they did in 1975.
D. Compared with passengers in large urban areas, passengers in small markets pay,
on average, twice as much per mile flown on domestic flights because their airports are generally served by fewer airlines.
E. Psychologists have been able to determine no connection between the deregulation of the airline industry and the onset of increased levels of air rage.

I was confused between D and E. I marked E and D says that fliers in smaller market are forced to pay twice the price as only few airlines are operative there. This kinda tells one of the de-merits of deregulation. Where is my understanding wrong ?

I think ans is D. E actually weakens the argument, isn't it?

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Re: When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ti [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2017, 22:16
Sanjay2043 wrote:
ankujgupta wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
sOURCE: McGra Hill GMAT 2013

When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ticket was $135.
Three decades later, the average price is $275, there are twice as many in-air
collisions, fliers in small markets are at the mercy of predatory carriers, and air rage is at
an all-time high. It is time to re-regulate the air travel industry.

All of the following statements, if true, weaken the above argument except for which statement?

A. Because of inflation, a $275 ticket today is actually 10 to 20 percent less expensive than a $135 ticket was in 1975.
B. Deregulation has increased the choices available to fliers in terms of both time of flight and carrier.
C. Airlines are currently flying more than five times as many passenger miles per year as they did in 1975.
D. Compared with passengers in large urban areas, passengers in small markets pay,
on average, twice as much per mile flown on domestic flights because their airports are generally served by fewer airlines.
E. Psychologists have been able to determine no connection between the deregulation of the airline industry and the onset of increased levels of air rage.

I was confused between D and E. I marked E and D says that fliers in smaller market are forced to pay twice the price as only few airlines are operative there. This kinda tells one of the de-merits of deregulation. Where is my understanding wrong ?

I think ans is D. E actually weakens the argument, isn't it?

Sent from my Redmi Note 3 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Read the question stem again. D actually points to demerits of deregulation so it supports that we should re-regulate it. Thus strengthening the argument. D is correct answer
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Re: When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ti [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2017, 03:25
Sanjay2043 wrote:
ankujgupta wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
sOURCE: McGra Hill GMAT 2013

When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ticket was $135.
Three decades later, the average price is $275, there are twice as many in-air
collisions, fliers in small markets are at the mercy of predatory carriers, and air rage is at
an all-time high. It is time to re-regulate the air travel industry.

All of the following statements, if true, weaken the above argument except for which statement?

A. Because of inflation, a $275 ticket today is actually 10 to 20 percent less expensive than a $135 ticket was in 1975.
B. Deregulation has increased the choices available to fliers in terms of both time of flight and carrier.
C. Airlines are currently flying more than five times as many passenger miles per year as they did in 1975.
D. Compared with passengers in large urban areas, passengers in small markets pay,
on average, twice as much per mile flown on domestic flights because their airports are generally served by fewer airlines.
E. Psychologists have been able to determine no connection between the deregulation of the airline industry and the onset of increased levels of air rage.

I was confused between D and E. I marked E and D says that fliers in smaller market are forced to pay twice the price as only few airlines are operative there. This kinda tells one of the de-merits of deregulation. Where is my understanding wrong ?

I think ans is D. E actually weakens the argument, isn't it?

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YES D is OA you can Check this at the end of every question by clicking [reveal]
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When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ti [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 07:47
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Conclusion: The airlines should be regulated.
Premises: The increase in price, air collisions, and air rage. Fliers in small markets are at the mercy of predatory carriers.
Assumptions: That deregulation is causing the problems listed above. That there are no benefits that justify the deregulation. That there are no negative effects that would be caused by re-regulation.


A. Because of inflation, a $275 ticket today is actually 10 to 20% less expensive than a $135 ticket was in 1975. Shows that inflation, not deregulation, is causing the increase in price. Weakens the causal assumption made in the argument. Eliminate A.

B. Deregulation has increased the choices available to fliers in terms of both time of flight and carrier. Shows that deregulation has a benefit. Eliminate B.

C. Airlines are currently flying more than five times as many passenger miles per year as they did in 1975. Shows that an increase in the number of passengers might be causing the problems listed in the argument. Weakens the assumption that deregulation is causing these problems. Eliminate C.

D. Compared with passengers in large urban areas, passengers in small markets pay, on average, twice as much per mile flying on domestic flights because their airports are generally served by fewer airlines. Correct. Strengthens the conclusion that the airlines should be regulated.

E. Psychologists have been able to determine no connection between the deregulation of the airline industry and the onset of increased levels of air rage. Weakens the assumption that deregulation is causing the air rage. Eliminate E.

The correct answer is D.
When airlines were deregulated in the 1970s, the average price of a ti   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2018, 07:47
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