GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 23 Oct 2019, 19:23

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58464
When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a  [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Jul 2018, 05:04
2
24
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

24% (02:00) correct 76% (02:05) wrong based on 380 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken, they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs. On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation.

Which of the following, if true, best supports the claims above?

(A) Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.

(B) Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.

(C) Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.

(D) Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.

(E) Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

_________________
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9705
Location: Pune, India
Re: When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Feb 2019, 22:09
5
2
Bunuel wrote:
When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken, they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs. On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation.

Which of the following, if true, best supports the claims above?

(A) Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.

(B) Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.

(C) Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.

(D) Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.

(E) Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

Let's try to simplify the abstract discussion with an example:

"When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken,"

Prediction: You will not get 700+ in GMAT (certain result) unless you study hard (certain action)

"they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs."

You study hard. You get 700+ in GMAT.
You learn that the prediction is correct.

"On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation."

700+ score admits of more than one interpretation. You may not be able to say that the prediction is correct. You may not be able to say that hard work got you 700+ score.

We need to strength this conclusion.

(A) Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.

The goal of the action would presumably be "the result". The conclusion says that there is a specific result. Doesn't help in strengthening the conclusion.

(B) Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.

Past situations are irrelevant to the argument. A prediction is made on an action leading to result. The action is already specified. How we arrived at "study hard" is irrelevant here.

(C) Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.

This says that several trials are required to find whether the prediction is true. Our conclusion says that the prediction may not be true at all. Hence this option doesn't strengthen the conclusion either.

(D) Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.

(D) says that we may not be able to say what "hard work" is. Whether someone worked hard or not cannot be distinguished. If that is the case, then it is true that 700+ score admits of more than one interpretation.

(E) Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

Context of the prediction is out of scope.

_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

General Discussion
VP
Joined: 09 Mar 2016
Posts: 1230
Re: When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a  [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Jul 2018, 05:57
1
Bunuel wrote:
When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken, they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs. On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation.

Which of the following, if true, best supports the claims above?

(A) Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.

(B) Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.

(C) Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.

(D) Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.

(E) Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

IMO D (D) Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.
Intern
Joined: 04 Dec 2017
Posts: 2
Re: When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a  [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Aug 2018, 19:29
Can anyone Explain D and how is distinguishing word is used here

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum
Manager
Joined: 22 Sep 2017
Posts: 166
Re: When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a  [#permalink]

Show Tags

13 Aug 2018, 00:45
2
[quote="suchit111985"]Can anyone Explain D and how is distinguishing word is used here

Hello suchit111985,
Let me put my cents to your question.
The argument says that people assume that a prediction worked perfectly when it was applied and the result came as per their prediction. But the author uses a negative tone after that and conveys that the result has many interpretation. It means what people think that their action plan worked in getting the result is partially true as there are many other actions which gave the result. So, people can't say exactly whether their prediction and action plan worked or there were other factors(Other predictions) associated.

So, to support the argument given by the author we need to confirm that people don't know the real thing and take the credit for their prediction without knowing the whole picture.

Hope I clarified.
Not an expert. You can argue.
Intern
Joined: 12 Aug 2018
Posts: 8
GMAT 1: 630 Q48 V28
Re: When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a  [#permalink]

Show Tags

14 Aug 2018, 05:38
Can someone please elaborate more on D? It seems quite confusing.
Manager
Joined: 24 Jan 2017
Posts: 58
Location: Brazil
Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Feb 2019, 09:58
Why "D" is right? I didn't get it...
Intern
Joined: 03 Sep 2018
Posts: 3
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20
GPA: 3.59
When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a  [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Mar 2019, 03:09
1
According to jamboree portal ans is c, confounded !!!

Posted from my mobile device
When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a   [#permalink] 12 Mar 2019, 03:09
Display posts from previous: Sort by