When rates were raised in 1985, postal service officials : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# When rates were raised in 1985, postal service officials

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Director
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When rates were raised in 1985, postal service officials [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2007, 07:56
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When rates were raised in 1985, postal service officials predicted they would make further rate increases unnecessary for at least three years.

(A) they would make further rate increases unnecessary
(B) they would mean that further rate increases would not be needed
(C) that it would not be necessary for further rate increases
(D) that the increase would make further rate increases unnecessary
(E) further rate increases will not be needed

Pls. explain your ans. Also, can someone tell me, when do we use 'will' vs. 'would'? Thanks
If you have any questions
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Re: SC: Will Vs. Would [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2007, 09:00
GK_Gmat wrote:
When rates were raised in 1985, postal service officials predicted they would make further rate increases unnecessary for at least three years.

(A) they would make further rate increases unnecessary
(B) they would mean that further rate increases would not be needed
(C) that it would not be necessary for further rate increases
(D) that the increase would make further rate increases unnecessary
(E) further rate increases will not be needed

Pls. explain your ans. Also, can someone tell me, when do we use 'will' vs. 'would'? Thanks

We need that after predict ..so all choices are out except C and D. Between C and D ..'C' looks awkward and distorts the meaning ..so D is the correct answer ...

Will/Would rule
http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/ ... .htm#would
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Re: SC: Will Vs. Would [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2007, 09:58
GK_Gmat wrote:
When rates were raised in 1985, postal service officials predicted they would make further rate increases unnecessary for at least three years.

(A) they would make further rate increases unnecessary
(B) they would mean that further rate increases would not be needed
(C) that it would not be necessary for further rate increases
(D) that the increase would make further rate increases unnecessary
(E) further rate increases will not be needed

Pls. explain your ans. Also, can someone tell me, when do we use 'will' vs. 'would'? Thanks

Take simple rules:

1. Idiom : predicted that
2. usage:
will - certainity
would - hypothetical situations

Here it is not certain, so would has to be used.

My vote : D
In C "it" is not clearly mentioning the subject.

Cheers!!
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28 Sep 2007, 11:38
we need "predicted that" here...so eliminate A,B, and E

The "it" in C has no antecedent, since "officials" and "rates" are both plural, so its out too...

Didn't know about the correct "will/would" usage, but now I know

guess I learn something new today
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28 Sep 2007, 11:55
"D"

Will is used for absolute actions.
would is used for uncertain actions.

predictions can never be absolute so we must use would.

C is a close one but "IT" is unclear.
28 Sep 2007, 11:55
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