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# While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of

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While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 07:56
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 160
Page: 677

While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

(A) by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling

(B) by suggesting the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others call

(C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call

(D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling

(E) suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 03 Oct 2017, 07:36, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 13:40
eileen1017 wrote:
But C does not sound passive. Does anyone else have better explanation?

This is a problem of parallelism.
some propose.........others suggest and by attempting....reducing.

I hope it is clear now.

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 13:56
rishi2377,

I understand parallelism for the first two some purpose... others suggest, but for the last one should it be still others call instead of still others are calling? I still don't get the last part.

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 14:34
eileen1017 wrote:
rishi2377,

I understand parallelism for the first two some purpose... others suggest, but for the last one should it be still others call instead of still others are calling? I still don't get the last part.

Read it now: still others by taking the initiative for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

does it make an sense now?

'calling for' means 'taking initiative' here..

'Who is calling the shots here?' means 'who is taking initiative here'

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 18:59
rishi2377 wrote:
eileen1017 wrote:
But C does not sound passive. Does anyone else have better explanation?

This is a problem of parallelism.
some propose.........others suggest and by attempting....reducing.

I hope it is clear now.

Actually the construct is :

some propose..others suggest..still others

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2007, 23:57
Here is A 'grammatically expanded':

While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

A. All the other ones break parallelism.

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2007, 23:59
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Here is A 'grammatically expanded':

While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

A. All the other ones break parallelism.

E is wrong, beckee529, because parallelism is violated.

While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2009, 04:55
C for me too.
A and B can be rejected because they begin with 'by'. It since it breaks the flow of the sentence.
E can be rejected because 'to decrease' is in incorrect tense. In the sentence 'in attempting' is in continuous tense, this should follow, so 'for decreasing' would be more appropriate. This is available only in C

While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others [/u]by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling [/u]for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

(C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call
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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2009, 21:34
(D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling
(E) suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling

It is between (D) or (E). I will go for D.

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2009, 23:33
Thanks for correcting me on this.
After further deliberation, I think E would be the correct option.

(D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling
I think '...still other are calling...' is better than '...still others by calling...'
(E) suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling
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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2009, 08:39
IMO E

attempting, suggesting and calling are parallel...

In C and D, suggesting the reduction is incorrect

propose attempting ....., suggest reducing .... and still others are calling

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2010, 02:51
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mbaMission wrote:
While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

(A) by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling - @ INGs are wrong...
(B) by suggesting the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others call not parallel
(C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call --- 2 simultaneous INGs are wrong
(D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling --Not parallel
(E) suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling
--- correct

Answer E for reasons marked in red !!!

Hope this helps.
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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2010, 14:23
Lack of parallelism:
by attempting.....parallel with by calling
IMO: (D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2010, 17:57
Yeah, OG 11, 12 eliminated this question cause the OA E is too unparallel.
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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2010, 08:47
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While some propose.......by attempting......, others suggest reducing......, and still others are calling.............

While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change
people's attitudes toward pirating, others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the
incentive for pirating, and still others by calling
for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.

(A) by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling
(B) by suggesting the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others call
(C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call
(D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling
(E) suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling - CORRECT

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2011, 10:18
This must be obviously a llism of list; just for my curiosity, can somebody point out the various arms of the list and how E maintains the llism between or among the arms.
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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2011, 08:12
Daagh,
Could you give an explanation?
I read this question as:
To combat....,some people propose X, while others suggest Y , still others call for Z.
X=attempting to... (or attempt)
Y=reducing (or reduction)
Z=prosecuting (or prosecution)
propose || suggest|| call
and X||Y||Z

I dont see anything in similar line of thought...

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2011, 09:33
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I agree with Eden. Certainly this is not a topic that will stand good to common reasoning, especially the way non-natives like me have been taught to look at parallelism. The three verbs in tandem are the present tense- propose, suggest and are calling-, as found in E, although the third verb is a bit of a baffle in that it is a present progressive. But considering that the other nearest choice C, which maintains almost equal parallelism among all the three verbs under question, has serious idiomatic flaws such as ‘for decreasing’, we have to grudgingly reconcile to Choice E.
Choice A is a fragment; B and D fault on parallelism.

This is as far as I could go on this. Incidentally, was this choice ever carried over from OG 10 to OG 11 and then on to OG 12? I doubt.
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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2011, 06:23
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OG 10. Q-160. OA: E. Period. (C and D are wrong)

OE:
Choice E, the best answer, uses constructions that are parallel to some propose', others suggest. . . , and
still others are calling .... Choices A and B immediately lose the parallel construction, and also produce
sentence fragments, by shifting to by suggesting ... and by calling .... Choice B starts like choice A and then
shifts back to the verb call, losing the parallel with the second part (by suggesting). Choices C and D correctly
begin the second part of the parallel by using suggest. Choice C, however, introduces the nonidiomatic for
decreasing, which creates some difficulty in meaning. Choice D loses parallel construction in the third part by
shifting to by calling.

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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2011, 07:13
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nevergiveup wrote:
15. While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of computer programs by attempting to change people's attitudes toward pirating, others by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling for the prosecution of those who copy software illegally.
(A) by suggesting reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling [BY suggesting and by calling]
(B) by suggesting the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others call [By suggesting and lacks verb after others]
(C) suggest the reduction of software prices for decreasing the incentive for pirating, and still others call [Reduction is parallel, no verb after others]
(D) suggest the reduction of software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others by calling [Reduction and by calling]
(E) suggest reducing software prices to decrease the incentive for pirating, and still others are calling [CORRECT]

I choose C as answer, but the OA is E. Please reply with explanation. Thanks.

This SC following some propose..others suggest..still others construction, parallelism, and passive mode.
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Re: While some propose to combat widespread illegal copying of   [#permalink] 08 Jun 2011, 07:13

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