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x + y = 8. Does x = 3?

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x + y = 8. Does x = 3?  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2016, 05:48
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Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (01:40) correct 20% (01:56) wrong based on 141 sessions

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Re: x + y = 8. Does x = 3?  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2016, 06:32
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Bunuel wrote:
x + y = 8. Does x = 3?

(1) 2x + z = 8
(2) 3y − 4z = 7


Target question: Does x = 3

Given: x + y = 8

Statement 1: 2x + z = 8
No information about z.
So, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT

NOTE: If we're not quite convinced that statement 1 is not sufficient, we might TEST some values.
Case a: x = 1, y = 7, and z = 6 (satisfies the given info AND statement 1). In this case x = 1
Case b: x = 0, y = 8, and z = 8 (satisfies the given info AND statement 1). In this case x = 2
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: 3y − 4z = 7
Once again, we have no information about z.
So, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT

ONCE AGAIN, if we're not quite convinced that statement 1 is not sufficient, we might TEST some values.
Case a: x = 7, y = 1, and z = 1 (satisfies the given info AND statement 2). In this case x = 7
Case b: x = 3, y = 5, and z = 2 (satisfies the given info AND statement 2). In this case x = 3
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT

Statements 1 and 2 combined
Given: x + y = 8, which means y = 8 - x
Statement 2: 3y − 4z = 7. Replace y with 8 - x to get: 3(8 - x ) - 4z = 7
Simplify to get: -3x - 4z = -17
Statement 1: 2x + z = 8

Since we now have two equations with 2 variables (-3x - 4z = -17 and 2x + z = 8), AND those 2 equations are not equivalents, we COULD solve this system for x, which means we COULD answer the target question.
Since we COULD answer the target question with certainty, the combined statements are SUFFICIENT

Answer =

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Re: x + y = 8. Does x = 3?  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2016, 06:52
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Bunuel wrote:
x + y = 8. Does x = 3?

(1) 2x + z = 8
(2) 3y − 4z = 7


(1) 2x + z = 8; here three equation required to solve the equation,but we have two only(along with x+y=8) ,Not Sufficient


(2) 3y − 4z = 7 ; here three equation required to solve the equation,but we have two only(along with x+y=8) ,Not Sufficient


(1) + (2) Now we have total three equation ,So we can easily get three individual value(x,y and z).Sufficient

Correct Answer C
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Re: x + y = 8. Does x = 3?  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2018, 11:11
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: x + y = 8. Does x = 3? &nbs [#permalink] 08 Aug 2018, 11:11
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