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Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp

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Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2020, 00:44
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Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its spending. Nevertheless, at least one reduction measure in next year’s budget, cutting City Zoos funding in half, is false economy. The zoo’s current budget equals less than 1 percent of the city’s deficit, so withdrawing support from the zoo does little to help the city’s financial situation. Furthermore, the zoo, which must close if its budget is cut, attracts tourists and tax dollars to the city. Finally, the zoo adds immeasurably to the city’s cultural climate and thus makes the city an attractive place for business to locate.

Which one of the following is the main conclusion of the zoo director’s argument?


(A) Reducing spending is the only means the city has of responding to the current financial crisis.

(B) It would be false economy for the city to cut the zoo’s budget in half.

(C) City Zoo’s budget is only a very small portion of the city’s entire budget.

(D) The zoo will be forced to close if its budget is cut.

(E) The city’s educational and cultural climate will be irreparably damaged if the zoo is forced to close.

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Re: Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2020, 02:40
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Assumption :
The zoo’s current budget equals less than 1 percent of the city’s deficit, so withdrawing support from the zoo does little to help the city’s financial situation. Furthermore, the zoo, which must close if its budget is cut, attracts tourists and tax dollars to the city. Finally, the zoo adds immeasurably to the city’s cultural climate and thus makes the city an attractive place for business to locate.


IMO B :
It would be false economy for the city to cut the zoo’s budget in half.


Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its spending. Nevertheless, at least one reduction measure in next year’s budget, cutting City Zoos funding in half, is false economy. The zoo’s current budget equals less than 1 percent of the city’s deficit, so withdrawing support from the zoo does little to help the city’s financial situation. Furthermore, the zoo, which must close if its budget is cut, attracts tourists and tax dollars to the city. Finally, the zoo adds immeasurably to the city’s cultural climate and thus makes the city an attractive place for business to locate.

Which one of the following is the main conclusion of the zoo director’s argument?


(A) Reducing spending is the only means the city has of responding to the current financial crisis.

(B) It would be false economy for the city to cut the zoo’s budget in half.

(C) City Zoo’s budget is only a very small portion of the city’s entire budget.

(D) The zoo will be forced to close if its budget is cut.

(E) The city’s educational and cultural climate will be irreparably damaged if the zoo is forced to close.
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Re: Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2020, 06:01
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Quote:
Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its spending. Nevertheless, at least one reduction measure in next year’s budget, cutting City Zoos funding in half, is false economy. The zoo’s current budget equals less than 1 percent of the city’s deficit, so withdrawing support from the zoo does little to help the city’s financial situation. Furthermore, the zoo, which must close if its budget is cut, attracts tourists and tax dollars to the city. Finally, the zoo adds immeasurably to the city’s cultural climate and thus makes the city an attractive place for business to locate.

Which one of the following is the main conclusion of the zoo director’s argument?
(A) Reducing spending is the only means the city has of responding to the current financial crisis.
(B) It would be false economy for the city to cut the zoo’s budget in half.
(C) City Zoo’s budget is only a very small portion of the city’s entire budget.
(D) The zoo will be forced to close if its budget is cut.
(E) The city’s educational and cultural climate will be irreparably damaged if the zoo is forced to close.


ARGUMENT
[prem] City is in crisis and must reduce spending;
[prem] Zoo adds to the cultural climate, makes the city attractive for businesses, and attracts tourists and dollars;
[prem] Zoo's budget is a small % of the cities spending, so reducing will do little to help the city;
[con] Cutting the zoo's budget is false economy.

Ans (B)
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Re: Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2020, 08:55
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Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its spending. Nevertheless, at least one reduction measure in next year’s budget, cutting City Zoos funding in half, is false economy. The zoo’s current budget equals less than 1 percent of the city’s deficit, so withdrawing support from the zoo does little to help the city’s financial situation. Furthermore, the zoo, which must close if its budget is cut, attracts tourists and tax dollars to the city. Finally, the zoo adds immeasurably to the city’s cultural climate and thus makes the city an attractive place for business to locate.
Which one of the following is the main conclusion of the zoo director’s argument?


(A) Reducing spending is the only means the city has of responding to the current financial crisis. - WRONG. The word 'only' makes it wrong. It is not sure if that is the only one solution.

(B) It would be false economy for the city to cut the zoo’s budget in half. - CORRECT. Something director mentions in the start of the argument supported by factors based on which he/she reached the conclusion. Further if cause and effect approach is taken then reversing the situations does not make much sense.

(C) City Zoo’s budget is only a very small portion of the city’s entire budget. - WRONG. A factor supporting the main conclusion.

(D) The zoo will be forced to close if its budget is cut. - WRONG. Similar reason as that of option C.

(E) The city’s educational and cultural climate will be irreparably damaged if the zoo is forced to close. - WRONG. Its not mentioned in the argument and had it been there it would have been a factor only supporting the main conclusion.

IMO Answer B.
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Re: Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2020, 21:01
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I choose option B
The reasons why I found it the most suitable answer choice:
(A) Reducing spending is the only means the city has of responding to the current financial crisis.(False)this is not the main conclusion

(B) It would be false economy for the city to cut the zoo’s budget in half.--- Can be the answer as he is giving all the reasons to support this statement only

(C) City Zoo’s budget is only a very small portion of the city’s entire budget.---not the main conclusion only a point to frame conclusion

(D) The zoo will be forced to close if its budget is cut. False this is not his conclusion the argument supports the main conclusion that cutting zoo's budget is not a good idea

(E) The city’s educational and cultural climate will be irreparably damaged if the zoo is forced to close. He mentioned it already one of the points but not the whole conclusion it is just exaggeration
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Re: Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2020, 01:19
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Correct Answer B

Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its spending. Nevertheless, at least one reduction measure in next year’s budget, cutting City Zoos funding in half, is false economy. The zoo’s current budget equals less than 1 percent of the city’s deficit, so withdrawing support from the zoo does little to help the city’s financial situation. Furthermore, the zoo, which must close if its budget is cut, attracts tourists and tax dollars to the city. Finally, the zoo adds immeasurably to the city’s cultural climate and thus makes the city an attractive place for business to locate.

Green is main conclusion, rest Blue potions are used to justify and lend support to the conclusion
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Re: Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2020, 08:41
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Ans: B

This is the direct paraphrase of the second sentence of the stimulus.
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Re: Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2020, 14:16
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B is the answer in my view.

Premise: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its spending. The zoo’s current budget equals less than 1 percent of the city’s deficit, so withdrawing support from the zoo does little to help the city’s financial situation. Furthermore, the zoo, which must close if its budget is cut, attracts tourists and tax dollars to the city. Finally, the zoo adds immeasurably to the city’s cultural climate and thus makes the city an attractive place for business to locate.
Conclusion: Cutting City Zoos funding in half, is false economy.

Clearly, we can see that the conclusion of the argument made by the author concludes that it is false economy to cut the City Zoo's funding in half. Why? The zoos current budget equals less than 1% of the city's deficit, hence withdrawing support from the zoo does little to help the city's financial crisis. In addition, the zoo attracts tax dollars to the city, since cutting the budget of the zoo means closing the zoo down, these tax revenues from the zoo will be lost. Last but not the least, the zoo makes the city an attractive place for businesses to locate, so, closing down the zoo will be detrimental to the financial position of the city.

A: Reducing spending is the only means the city has of responding to the current financial crisis. This is the objective that the city officials seek to attain; however, this is not the point that the author wishes to make in the argument above.

B: It would be false economy for the city to cut the zoo’s budget in half. Correct. The city wishes to cut its spending. The zoo official is presenting a case that concludes that cutting funding of the zoo in half will be detrimental to the financial economy of the city rather than helping the city to achieve improvements in it's financial standing.

C: City Zoo’s budget is only a very small portion of the city’s entire budget. This is true and it is one of the facts presented by the author to support the conclusion of the argument. However, this is not the main point or conclusion of the argument.

D: The zoo will be forced to close if its budget is cut. This is a premise rather than the conclusion of the argument.

E: The city’s educational and cultural climate will be irreparably damaged if the zoo is forced to close. This is another fact cited by the author to support his conclusion that it would be bad economy to cut the zoo's budget in half.
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Re: Zoo director: The city is in a financial crisis and must reduce its sp   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2020, 14:16
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