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2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when t

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2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when t  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Jun 2017, 22:11
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A
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C
D
E

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2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when the company had lost $7.4 billion, which was primarily because of almost $7 billion in accounting charges.

(A) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, which was primarily because of

(B) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, primarily resulting from

(C) when the company lost $7.4 billion, primarily because of

(D) which is when the company lost $7.4 billion, and that was primarily because of

(E) which is when the company lost $7.4 billion, primarily resulting from

Originally posted by RyanDe680 on 09 May 2008, 18:22.
Last edited by hazelnut on 09 Jun 2017, 22:11, edited 2 times in total.
Edited answer choice (C) from "had lost" to "lost"
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Re: 2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when t  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2017, 09:43
Lucy Phuong wrote:
hazelnut wrote:
2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when the company had lost $7.4 billion, which was primarily because of almost $7 billion in accounting charges.

(A) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, which was primarily because of

(B) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, primarily resulting from

(C) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, primarily because of

(D) which is when the company lost $7.4 billion, and that was primarily because of

(E) which is when the company lost $7.4 billion, primarily resulting from

Why do we need past perfect "had lost" here? Could someone help to explain the correct usage of "resulting from" and "because of" in this context?


Hi,

I think there is a typo in option (C). In (C), simple past tense, not past perfect tense, is used.
FYI: https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t5066.html

Regarding "resulting from" and "because of":

Correct usage:

Noun/ noun phrase + resulting from + noun/noun phrase
---> "resulting from" modifies only preceding noun / noun phrase.
While according to intended meaning, [the fact that the company lost.....] is the result of "almost $7 billion in accounting charges", the usage of "resulting from" makes us feel as if "the company" is the result instead.---> Intended meaning is changed.

SVO, because of + noun/ noun phrase
----> "because of" can modify the whole clause preceding it. That's why the usage of "because of" can totally convey intended meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps.



I think ',resulting from' is of the form (comma+ing) modifier. so it is adv modifer and not noun modifer

Can you pls help.
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Re: 2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when t  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2017, 05:14
RyanDe680 wrote:
2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when the company had lost $7.4 billion, which was primarily because of almost $7 billion in accounting charges.

(A) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, which was primarily because of

(B) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, primarily resulting from

(C) when the company lost $7.4 billion, primarily because of

(D) which is when the company lost $7.4 billion, and that was primarily because of

(E) which is when the company lost $7.4 billion, primarily resulting from


The answer is C

To indicate " when " is used .
Which is clearly wrong here as D and E start with which .Which cannot refer to the time so D and E are out .
The time frame in the original sentence are specified and we know for sure which event happened first so we do not have to use past perfect so A and B are out .
C is answer it avoids the past perfect and use when .

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Re: 2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when t  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 06:07
RyanDe680 wrote:
2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when the company had lost $7.4 billion, which was primarily because of almost $7 billion in accounting charges.

(A) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, which was primarily because of

(B) when the company had lost $7.4 billion, primarily resulting from

(C) when the company lost $7.4 billion, primarily because of

(D) which is when the company lost $7.4 billion, and that was primarily because of

(E) which is when the company lost $7.4 billion, primarily resulting from


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Re: 2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when t &nbs [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 06:07
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