GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Dec 2018, 01:11

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

     December 16, 2018

     December 16, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     December 16, 2018

     December 16, 2018

     03:00 PM EST

     04:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics

A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 05 Feb 2018
Posts: 379
Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GPA: 2.77
WE: General Management (Other)
A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 28 Nov 2018, 06:04
1
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 36 sessions

39% (03:21) correct 61% (02:42) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 36 sessions

31% (01:23) correct 69% (01:31) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 34 sessions

26% (01:31) correct 74% (01:43) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused congressional criticism on the 1966 Freedom of Information Act. Its unconditional exemption of any material stamped “classified”—i.e., containing information considered relevant to national security—forced the Court to uphold nondisclosure in EPA v. Mink. Justice Potter Stewart explained that the Act provided “no means to question a decision to stamp a document ‘secret.’” Senate witnesses testified that the wording of certain articles in the Act permitted bureaucrats to discourage requests for newsworthy documents.

In response, a House committee drafted HR 12471, proposing several amendments to the Act. A provision was reworded to ensure release of documents to any applicant providing a “reasonable description”—exact titles and numbers were no longer to be mandatory. The courts were empowered to review classified documents and rule on their status. The Senate companion bill, S 2543, included these provisions as well as others: standardization of search and copy fees, sanctions against noncompliant federal employees, and a provision for nonexempt portions of a classified document to be released.

The Justice and Defense departments objected to the changes as “costly, burdensome, and inflexible.” They argued that the time limits imposed on response “might actually hamper access to information.” The Pentagon asserted that judicial review of exemptions could pose a threat to national security. President Ford, upon taking office in August 1974, concurred.

HR 12471 passed in March 1974; S 2543 was approved in May after the adoption of further amendments to reduce the number of unconditional exemptions granted in 1966. The Hart Amendment, for instance, mandated disclosure of law enforcement records, unless their release would interfere with a trial or investigation, invade personal privacy, or disclose an informer’s identity. This amendment provoked another presidential objection: millions of pages of FBI records would be subject to public scrutiny, unless each individual section were proven exempt.

Before submitting the legislation to Ford, a joint conference of both houses amalgamated the two versions of the bill, while making further changes to incorporate Ford’s criticisms. The administration of disciplinary sanctions was transferred from the courts to the executive branch; provisions were included to accord due weight to departmental expertise in the evaluation of “classified” exemptions. The identity of confidential sources was in all cases to be protected. Ford nevertheless vetoed the bill, but the veto was overridden by a two-thirds vote in both houses.
Q1). According to the passage, the Justice and Defense departments opposed the proposed revision of the Freedom of Information Act on the grounds that it
A) was an attempt to block public access to information.
B) would violate national security agreements.
C) would pose administrative problems.
D) was an attempt to curtail their own departmental power.
E) would weaken the president’s authority.


Q2). Which of the following statements, if true, supports the assertion that “judicial review of exemptions could pose a threat to national security” (lines 20–21)?
A) Judges lack the expertise to evaluate the significance of military intelligence records.
B) Many of the documents that are presently stamped “classified” contain information that is inaccurate or outdated.
C) It would be time-consuming and expensive for judges to review millions of pages of classified records.
D) Some judges are likely to rule on exemptions in accordance with vested interests of political action groups.
E) The practice of judicial review of exemptions will succeed only if it meets with presidential approval.


Q3). Which of the following statements is in accordance with President Ford’s position on disclosure of FBI records?
A) FBI records should be exempt from the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act.
B) FBI records should only be withheld from release if such release constitutes a threat to national security.
C) It would be too expensive and time-consuming to identify exempt sections of FBI records.
D) Protection of the identity of confidential sources is more important than the protection of personal privacy or investigative secrecy.
E) FBI records should not be reviewed section by section before being released to the public.



_________________

Hit the the kudos button if you like the post

Verbal Resources:-
1.Aristotle RC-99 The Definitive RC Guide-Collection of 100 RC questions 2.Aristotle SC Grail -Collection of 100 SC questions3.Vocabulary List for the GMAT RC,CR and SC from the official guide

MBA Resources:-
1.Top 25 US MBA Application Fees 2018-2019 2.Top 20 US MBA Tuition Fees 2018-2019

Thanks


Originally posted by GmatWizard on 26 Nov 2018, 07:59.
Last edited by aragonn on 28 Nov 2018, 06:04, edited 3 times in total.
MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Affiliations: GMATClub
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 1491
Concentration: Nonprofit
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Nov 2018, 20:24

+1 kudos to all the posts containing proper explanations for all questions


_________________

New project wSTAT(which Schools To Apply To?)

GMATClub School Ambassador

B-School app with GRE

New - RC Butler - 2 RC's everyday

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 05 Feb 2018
Posts: 379
Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GPA: 2.77
WE: General Management (Other)
Re: A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Nov 2018, 20:42
1

Analysis


A whole lot of detail about the Freedom of Information Act. We learn that Congress didn’t like it.Congress responds by proposing some laws. Don’t worry about what those laws are until you get a question about them.Now the executive branch gets in the game. Seems that it didn’t like the changes.The laws were passed anyway, and the president was not thrilled.Congress tried to compromise with the president, but he still vetoed the bill. It passed anyway, however.

Passage Map


Here is a sample Passage Map you might have created as you took notes on each paragraph:
¶1: F.I.A. criticized by Congress
¶2: Congress proposes new laws
¶3: President doesn’t like proposed changes
¶4: Laws pass anyway
¶5: Compromise rejected; law passes
Topic: Freedom of Information Act
Scope: Changes to
Purpose: Describe the history of
_________________

Hit the the kudos button if you like the post

Verbal Resources:-
1.Aristotle RC-99 The Definitive RC Guide-Collection of 100 RC questions 2.Aristotle SC Grail -Collection of 100 SC questions3.Vocabulary List for the GMAT RC,CR and SC from the official guide

MBA Resources:-
1.Top 25 US MBA Application Fees 2018-2019 2.Top 20 US MBA Tuition Fees 2018-2019

Thanks

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 05 Feb 2018
Posts: 379
Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GPA: 2.77
WE: General Management (Other)
Re: A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 27 Nov 2018, 00:54
2

Official Answers and Explanations



Q1). (C)
Question Type: Reading Comprehension
Question Topic: Detail
Lines 17–18 say that the Justice and Defense departments objected to revision as “costly, burdensome, and inflexible.” They opposed revision, in other words, for administrative reasons.
According to lines 18–19, the Justice and Defense departments argued that changes “might actually hamper access to information.” But they did not go so far as to suggest that the revision was an
attempt to limit public access to information (A). Although the Pentagon thought that revision might pose national security problems, it didn’t argue that changes violated specific national security agreements (B). (D) and (E) are beyond the scope: Neither the Justice nor the Defense department protested revision on the grounds that it would weaken either its power or presidential authority. Choice (C) is correct.

Q2). (A)
Question Type: Reading Comprehension
Question Topic: Strengthen
The Pentagon doesn’t offer much justification for its assertion that judicial review would cause national security problems. You know that the president agreed, but you don’t learn why. You need
an answer that explains the connection between judges and national security dangers. (A) does this; if judges don’t have the necessary expertise, they might release information that would endanger national security. (B) and (C) don’t explain the danger posed by judicial review. (D) may seem tempting, but no explicit link is drawn between political interests and security concerns. (Compare that to the use of “military intelligence” in (A).) Same problem with (E)—there’s no reason given to think that presidential approval necessarily has anything to do with national security. Perhaps the president would disapprove for other reasons.

Q3). (A)
Question Type: Reading Comprehension
Question Topic: Application
Lines 27–29 indicate that Ford was opposed to the release of FBI records. He didn’t want them to be open to public scrutiny. (B) and (E)—180 answer choices—wrongly suggest that Ford was open to the idea of a release of FBI records. (C) is incorrect. Based on lines 27–29, you can infer that Ford perceived barriers to exemption of individual FBI records, but you can’t assume that expense was one of these barriers. There is no hint in the passage that Ford believed it was more important to protect confidential sources than personal privacy or investigative secrecy (D). Paragraph 4 tells you that all three are protected by the Hart amendment, but no distinction like (D)’s is drawn. Choice (A) is correct.

_________________

Hit the the kudos button if you like the post

Verbal Resources:-
1.Aristotle RC-99 The Definitive RC Guide-Collection of 100 RC questions 2.Aristotle SC Grail -Collection of 100 SC questions3.Vocabulary List for the GMAT RC,CR and SC from the official guide

MBA Resources:-
1.Top 25 US MBA Application Fees 2018-2019 2.Top 20 US MBA Tuition Fees 2018-2019

Thanks


Originally posted by GmatWizard on 26 Nov 2018, 20:44.
Last edited by GmatWizard on 27 Nov 2018, 00:54, edited 2 times in total.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Aug 2018
Posts: 67
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Nov 2018, 00:46
Please can you review the answers for this...

Same questions with diff. answers in separate posts.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/from-the-kap ... fl=similar
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Aug 2018
Posts: 67
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Nov 2018, 00:48
Hi

Please can you review the answers again, as a separate post with similar question has different answers.

I had chosen CAA and disappointed to see each marked as wrong in answer choices/timer.

Below confirms the answers, please review and confirm.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/from-the-kap ... fl=similar
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 05 Feb 2018
Posts: 379
Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GPA: 2.77
WE: General Management (Other)
Re: A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Nov 2018, 00:54

Official Answers and Explanations



Q1). (C)
Question Type: Reading Comprehension
Question Topic: Detail
Lines 17–18 say that the Justice and Defense departments objected to revision as “costly, burdensome, and inflexible.” They opposed revision, in other words, for administrative reasons.
According to lines 18–19, the Justice and Defense departments argued that changes “might actually hamper access to information.” But they did not go so far as to suggest that the revision was an
attempt to limit public access to information (A). Although the Pentagon thought that revision might pose national security problems, it didn’t argue that changes violated specific national security agreements (B). (D) and (E) are beyond the scope: Neither the Justice nor the Defense department protested revision on the grounds that it would weaken either its power or presidential authority. Choice (C) is correct.

Q2). (A)
Question Type: Reading Comprehension
Question Topic: Strengthen
The Pentagon doesn’t offer much justification for its assertion that judicial review would cause national security problems. You know that the president agreed, but you don’t learn why. You need
an answer that explains the connection between judges and national security dangers. (A) does this; if judges don’t have the necessary expertise, they might release information that would endanger national security. (B) and (C) don’t explain the danger posed by judicial review. (D) may seem tempting, but no explicit link is drawn between political interests and security concerns. (Compare that to the use of “military intelligence” in (A).) Same problem with (E)—there’s no reason given to think that presidential approval necessarily has anything to do with national security. Perhaps the president would disapprove for other reasons.

Q3). (A)
Question Type: Reading Comprehension
Question Topic: Application
Lines 27–29 indicate that Ford was opposed to the release of FBI records. He didn’t want them to be open to public scrutiny. (B) and (E)—180 answer choices—wrongly suggest that Ford was open to the idea of a release of FBI records. (C) is incorrect. Based on lines 27–29, you can infer that Ford perceived barriers to exemption of individual FBI records, but you can’t assume that expense was one of these barriers. There is no hint in the passage that Ford believed it was more important to protect confidential sources than personal privacy or investigative secrecy (D). Paragraph 4 tells you that all three are protected by the Hart amendment, but no distinction like (D)’s is drawn. Choice (A) is correct.


proabhinav your answers are right you can see the explanations here
_________________

Hit the the kudos button if you like the post

Verbal Resources:-
1.Aristotle RC-99 The Definitive RC Guide-Collection of 100 RC questions 2.Aristotle SC Grail -Collection of 100 SC questions3.Vocabulary List for the GMAT RC,CR and SC from the official guide

MBA Resources:-
1.Top 25 US MBA Application Fees 2018-2019 2.Top 20 US MBA Tuition Fees 2018-2019

Thanks

SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1558
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Nov 2018, 06:12
P1 - a decision given by SC is outlined.
P2 - in response procedure of release the doc is outlined.
P3 - a department objected. reason given?
P4 - Finally passed. effects of passsing
P5 - voting on the bill.

Q1). According to the passage, the Justice and Defense departments opposed the proposed revision of the Freedom of Information Act on the grounds that it

“costly, burdensome, and inflexible.” - C is covering this the best.
C) would pose administrative problems.

--------------------------------------------------

Q2). Which of the following statements, if true, supports the assertion that “judicial review of exemptions could pose a threat to national security” (lines 20–21)?
A) Judges lack the expertise to evaluate the significance of military intelligence records. - Seems to be the best of the lot. judges cant decide if a doc is really a threat.

------------------------------------------------------

Q3). Which of the following statements is in accordance with President Ford’s position on disclosure of FBI records?

millions of pages of FBI records would be subject to public scrutiny, unless each individual section were proven exempt.

A) FBI records should be exempt from the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

GMAT Club Bot
Re: A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong &nbs [#permalink] 28 Nov 2018, 06:12
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A 1973 Supreme Court decision and related Senate hearings focused cong

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.