Jun 29 07:00 AM PDT  09:00 AM PDT Learn reading strategies that can help even nonvoracious reader to master GMAT RC Jun 30 07:00 AM PDT  09:00 AM PDT Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score. Jul 01 08:00 AM PDT  09:00 AM PDT Game of Timers is a teambased competition based on solving GMAT questions to win epic prizes! Starting July 1st, compete to win prep materials while studying for GMAT! Registration is Open! Jul 01 10:00 PM PDT  11:00 PM PDT Join a FREE 1day workshop and learn how to ace the GMAT while keeping your fulltime job. Limited for the first 99 registrants.
Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2477
Location: New York City

A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
Updated on: 17 Jul 2012, 02:43
Question Stats:
80% (01:50) correct 20% (02:15) wrong based on 453 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3 marbles are extracted from the basket at random, what is the probability that a marble of each color is among the extracted? A. 2/21 B. 3/25 C. 1/6 D. 9/28 E. 11/24
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.
Originally posted by bmwhype2 on 16 Nov 2007, 07:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 17 Jul 2012, 02:43, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question and added the OA.




Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55804

A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
17 Jul 2012, 03:08
malikshilpa wrote: Is ' picking of 3 marbles at random' same as 'picking 3 marbles one by on without replacement' ? Although looking at the solution these two scenarios appear to be similar. However, when 3 marbles are picked up together (in one shot) then should the problem not be treated differently. Please clarify . Mathematically the probability of picking 3 marbles simultaneously, or picking them one at a time (without replacement) is the same. A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3 marbles are extracted from the basket at random, what is the probability that a marble of each color is among the extracted?A. 2/21 B. 3/25 C. 1/6 D. 9/28 E. 11/24 We need to find the probability of BRY (a marble of each color). Probability approach:\(P(BRY)=\frac{3}{9}*\frac{3}{8}*\frac{3}{7}*3!=\frac{9}{28}\), we are multiplying by 3! since BRY scenario can occur in several different ways: BRY, RYB, RBY (# of permutations of 3 distinct letters BRY is 3!). Combination approach:\(P(BRY)=\frac{C^1_3*C^1_3*C^1_3}{C^3_9}=\frac{9}{28}\). Answer: D. Hope it's clear.
_________________




VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2005
Posts: 1078

9/9*6/8*3/7 = 9/28
the answer is (D)



Manager
Joined: 26 Sep 2007
Posts: 57

Probability of getting each color marble = (3C1*3C1*3C1)/9C3
= (3*3*3)/84
= 27/84 = 9/28
So answer is D



Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 693

KillerSquirrel wrote: 9/9*6/8*3/7 = 9/28 the answer is (D)
KS, can you please explain how you get 3/7?
I'm assuming you did the following:
The 1st chosen can be any color and it doesn't really matter so let's say the first chosen is Blue.
The probability that the 2nd chosen is not blue = 12/8 = 6/8
Now what?? How do I proceed? Thanks!



VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2005
Posts: 1078

GK_Gmat wrote: KillerSquirrel wrote: 9/9*6/8*3/7 = 9/28 the answer is (D) KS, can you please explain how you get 3/7? I'm assuming you did the following: The 1st chosen can be any color and it doesn't really matter so let's say the first chosen is Blue. The probability that the 2nd chosen is not blue = 12/8 = 6/8 Now what?? How do I proceed? Thanks!
You are right about the first marble , you can choose any marble out of nine = 9/9 = 1 (nine out of nine).
For the second marble you are also correct  since you removed one marble from the basket you now have eight left but you can't choose the color already been choosen so 6/8 (six out of eight  three for one color and three for the other color).
For the third marble the logic is the same  you can choose one of the three marbles from the color not already choosen and you have seven mables to choose from meaning 3/7 (three out seven).
All of this is true only when the marbles taken out are not returned to the basket  if they were the probability then was ??  can you solve this ?



SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2258

Re: Probability  Marbles of each color
[#permalink]
Show Tags
17 Nov 2007, 01:15
bmwhype2 wrote: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3 marbles are extracted from the basket at random, what is the probability that a marble of each color is among the extracted?
2/21 3/25 1/6 9/28 11/24
alternatively:
= (3c1 x 3c1 x 3c1)/9c3
= 9/28



SVP
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2477
Location: New York City

sevenplus wrote: Probability of getting each color marble = (3C1*3C1*3C1)/9C3 = (3*3*3)/84 = 27/84 = 9/28 So answer is D
yep. most intuitive approach.
desired/total
OA is D



Director
Joined: 01 May 2007
Posts: 751

For me it was easier to just write it out.
I need 3 different colors so, we'll say I wanted a red, blue, yellow.
So chance of picking a red = 3/9
On 2nd pick chance of picking a blue = 3/8
On 3rd pick chance of picking a yellow = 3/7.
Then I listed out the different 3 ball combos I could have.
BRY
BYR
RBY
RYB
YRB
YBR
So 6 different combos. So the prob of pick r,b,y is 3/9 * 3/8 * 3/7 = 3/56
Multiply that by 6 and you have 9/28 prob of picking three different colored balls.



Manager
Joined: 27 Oct 2008
Posts: 164

Re: Probability  Marbles of each color
[#permalink]
Show Tags
28 Sep 2009, 04:16
A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3 marbles are extracted from the basket at random, what is the probability that a marble of each color is among the extracted?
2/21 3/25 1/6 9/28 11/24
Soln: = 3C1 * 3C1 * 3C1/9C3 = 27/(9 * 8 * 7/6) = 27/84 = 9/28



Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Nov 2010
Posts: 316
WE 1: Business Development

Re: Probability  Marbles of each color
[#permalink]
Show Tags
24 Aug 2011, 14:56
Hey guys, I understand the solution, but i need someone to explain me why the following is not working: total groups of 3  9C3 total options of 3 different color: abc acb bac bca cab cba so  6 options to get 3 different colors. 6/84 is not the answer. please help me find the mistake. thanks.
_________________



Manager
Joined: 25 May 2011
Posts: 111

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
23 Dec 2011, 02:36
We can choose 3 balls from 9 balls. Total possibilities: \(C^9_3\) We should choose 1 ball from each color. Favorite possibilities: \(C^3_1*C^3_1*C^3_1\)
\(p=\frac{C^3_1*C^3_1*C^3_1}{C^9_3}=\frac{9}{28}\) D



Intern
Joined: 04 Jun 2012
Posts: 2

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
16 Jul 2012, 23:56
Is ' picking of 3 marbles at random' same as 'picking 3 marbles one by on without replacement' ? Although looking at the solution these two scenarios appear to be similar. However, when 3 marbles are picked up together (in one shot) then should the problem not be treated differently. Please clarify .



Intern
Joined: 29 Mar 2014
Posts: 9

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
29 Mar 2014, 17:19
Just wanted to clarify here, as I feel like I'm looking at this wrong n should be 3 (because this is the total set) r should be 1 (this is the number of objects being extracted)
so shouldn't the combination formula be C 3 over 1? Instead of C 1 over 3?



Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55804

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
30 Mar 2014, 11:42
TheBookie wrote: Just wanted to clarify here, as I feel like I'm looking at this wrong n should be 3 (because this is the total set) r should be 1 (this is the number of objects being extracted)
so shouldn't the combination formula be C 3 over 1? Instead of C 1 over 3? \(C^1_3\), \(C^3_1\), 3C1, mean the same thing choosing 1 out of 3, just different ways to write. Can it be choosing 3 out of 1???
_________________



Intern
Joined: 29 Mar 2014
Posts: 9

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
30 Mar 2014, 13:15
Bunuel wrote: TheBookie wrote: Just wanted to clarify here, as I feel like I'm looking at this wrong n should be 3 (because this is the total set) r should be 1 (this is the number of objects being extracted)
so shouldn't the combination formula be C 3 over 1? Instead of C 1 over 3? \(C^1_3\), \(C^3_1\), 3C1, mean the same thing choosing 1 out of 3, just different ways to write. Can it be choosing 3 out of 1??? Agreed, but for the sake of consistency, I see the combination formula written as C n over r http://www.mathwords.com/c/combination_formula.htmThanks



Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 240

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
20 Apr 2014, 12:47
Bunuel wrote: malikshilpa wrote: Is ' picking of 3 marbles at random' same as 'picking 3 marbles one by on without replacement' ? Although looking at the solution these two scenarios appear to be similar. However, when 3 marbles are picked up together (in one shot) then should the problem not be treated differently. Please clarify . Mathematically the probability of picking 3 marbles simultaneously, or picking them one at a time (without replacement) is the same. A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3 marbles are extracted from the basket at random, what is the probability that a marble of each color is among the extracted?A. 2/21 B. 3/25 C. 1/6 D. 9/28 E. 11/24 We need to find the probability of BRY (a marble of each color). Probability approach:\(P(BRY)=\frac{3}{9}*\frac{3}{8}*\frac{3}{7}*3!=\frac{9}{28}\), we are multiplying by 3! since BRY scenario can occur in several different ways: BRY, RYB, RBY (# of permutations of 3 distinct letters BRY is 3!). Combination approach:\(P(BRY)=\frac{C^1_3*C^1_3*C^1_3}{C^3_9}=\frac{9}{28}\). Answer: D. Hope it's clear. Hi Bunuel, I have a question with the methodology here  I can follow the work you're doing but i'm having a hard time understanding why. Can you please clarify the reasoning? a) In your statement below, can you please elaborate WHY we multiply by 3!?  [\(P=\frac{3}{9}*\frac{3}{8}*\frac{3}{7}*3!=\frac{9}{28}\)If I reference the GMAT club book, I don't see it referencing the multiplication by a factorial(Page 109 of the book). b) What is the difference between the method you used vs. doing the following? (9/9)(6/8)(3/7) c) lastly, regarding your combinatorial approach, isn't that technically a reverse approach(pg 109 of the book)? Sorry if i'm being trivial here but i'm having a hard time connecting the dots hence the trivial questions. How can you use the 1C3 approach because don't you have 9 to begin with? Sorry  i'm going nuts here.



Intern
Joined: 20 Feb 2016
Posts: 6

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
23 Jun 2016, 21:08
shahideh wrote: We can choose 3 balls from 9 balls. Total possibilities: \(C^9_3\) We should choose 1 ball from each color. Favorite possibilities: \(C^3_1*C^3_1*C^3_1\)
\(p=\frac{C^3_1*C^3_1*C^3_1}{C^9_3}=\frac{9}{28}\) D I'm trying to understand the basics, please excuse me if you find the question too silly: Why don't we multiple by 3! in combinatorics method? So first it's choosing i.e. 3C1 * 3C1* 3C1 Then why aren't the chosen balls arranged amongst themselves in 3! ways?



Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7765

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
23 Jun 2016, 22:33
salonipatil wrote: shahideh wrote: We can choose 3 balls from 9 balls. Total possibilities: \(C^9_3\) We should choose 1 ball from each color. Favorite possibilities: \(C^3_1*C^3_1*C^3_1\)
\(p=\frac{C^3_1*C^3_1*C^3_1}{C^9_3}=\frac{9}{28}\) D I'm trying to understand the basics, please excuse me if you find the question too silly: Why don't we multiple by 3! in combinatorics method? So first it's choosing i.e. 3C1 * 3C1* 3C1 Then why aren't the chosen balls arranged amongst themselves in 3! ways? hi, We are not doing so, because it will not effect the answer.. if you consider ORDER important, even the TOTAL ways will be multiplied by 3!.. ans = \(p=\frac{C^3_1*C^3_1*C^3_1*3!}{C^9_3*3!}=\frac{9}{28}\)
_________________



NonHuman User
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 11448

Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
Show Tags
10 Sep 2018, 13:47
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up  doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________




Re: A basket contains 3 blue, 3 red and 3 yellow marbles. If 3
[#permalink]
10 Sep 2018, 13:47






