gmatt1476 wrote:
A certain manufacturer uses the function \(C(x) = 0.04x^2 – 8.5x + 25,000\) to calculate the cost, in dollars, of producing x thousand units of its product. The table above gives values of this cost function for values of x between 0 and 50 in increments of 10. For which of the following intervals is the average rate of decrease in cost less than the average rate of decrease in cost for each of the other intervals?
A. From x = 0 to x = 10
B. From x = 10 to x = 20
C. From x = 20 to x = 30
D. From x = 30 to x = 40
E. From x = 40 to x = 50
PS18871.01
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2019-09-21_1558.png
Hi
RK007,
The average rate of decrease in cost --This means decrease in cost per unit and as the number of units is same in each, that is 10,000 units, we have to divide the decrease in cost by 10,000.
Now, Since the change in cost will be \(\frac{previous - this}{10,000}\) . We are looking for the least value of \(\frac{previous - this}{10,000}\) and the denominator is the SAME so it will depend on numerator( previous - this)..
So basically the answer will be the minimum drop from the previous, so it will
0-10........81
10-20......73
20-30....65
30-40....57
40-50.....41...Our answer
Another way..
We are looking at a quadratic equation \(C(x)=0.04x^2-8.5x+25000\), and the coefficient of x^2 is positive, 0.04, so it will give us a U parabola, which becomes less steeper as we move up..
Hence more the value of x, lesser will be the decrease. Here 40-50 is the max interval given, so the average rate of decrease in cost will be least here..
E
However, a bit disappointed with the wordings on an official question..
A certain manufacturer uses the function \(C(x) = 0.04x^2 – 8.5x + 25,000\) to calculate the cost, in dollars, of producing x thousand units of its product.
This tells us that against 50, the cost of 50,000 units is given by 24,675 and 40,000 units is given by 24724...
But, ofcourse the question is meant to tell us that as the number of the items produced increases, the cost per 10,000 unit decreases and that is given by the table..
so what we have C(X) is the cost of 10,000 items when the production is increased to x thousand items..
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