The quickest way to solve this question is indeed to simply compute the probability that X gets the 1st slot (\(\frac{1}{15}\)) and the probability that X gets the 2nd slot (again \(\frac{1}{15}\)) and then add the two.
However, it may be useful for at least a few students to know another method to solve this problem:
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Probability.PNG [ 2.83 KiB | Viewed 6118 times ]
The number of ways in which the first ad slot can be filled = 15
Number of ways in which the second ad slot can be filled (after the first one has already been filled) = 14
So, the number of ways in which both the slots can be filled together = 15*14
Now, let's consider the case when X gets Slot 1:
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Probability2.PNG [ 2.22 KiB | Viewed 6118 times ]
The number of ways now in which the second slot can be filled = 14.
So, total number of ways in which X can get Slot 1 = 14
Similarly, the total number of ways in which X can get Slot 2 = 14
Probability of X getting Slot 1 or Slot 2 = (Number of ways in which X can get Slot 1 or Slot 2)/ (Total number of ways in which the 2 slots can be allocated)
=\(\frac{(14+14)}{(15*14)}\)
=\(\frac{2}{15}\)
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