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A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane

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A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane. Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?

I. y = -x +1
II. y = 2x + 1
III. y = (1/2)x - 6

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. I and III only
E. I, II and III
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Bunuel on 01 Nov 2014, 07:36, edited 3 times in total.
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violetsplash wrote:
A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane. Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?

I. y = -x +1
II. y = 2x + 1
III. y = (1/2)x - 6

a) I only
b) II Only
c) I and II Only
d) I and III only
e) I, II and III

Please see the attached picture


Check the diagram below:
Attachment:
graph.png
graph.png [ 9.35 KiB | Viewed 21260 times ]
Answer: C.
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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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violetsplash wrote:
A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane. Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?

I. y = -x +1
II. y = 2x + 1
III. y = (1/2)x - 6

a) I only
b) II Only
c) I and II Only
d) I and III only
e) I, II and II


Find the intercepts by making once x=0 and then y=0. On finding these intercepts, draw line joining these points.
ex for line y=-x+1, the points will be (1,0) and (0,1). On joining these two points, it gets clear that the line will intersect the circle at two points. Similarly for II and III.
You will see that III is far away from the circle.
Hence I and II cut the circle.
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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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violetsplash wrote:
A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane. Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?

I. y = -x +1
II. y = 2x + 1
III. y = (1/2)x - 6

a) I only
b) II Only
c) I and II Only
d) I and III only
e) I, II and III

Please see the attached picture


If a line is intersecting a circle at 2 places, the distance between that line and the center of the circle< The radius

Also, we know that the distance between a point (p,q) and the line ax+by+c=0 is \(\frac{|ap+qb+c|}{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}\)

It's very easy to realise that (p,q) = (0,0) and the distance between the lines in I. and II. are less than 5. For III. the distance =\(\frac{|6|}{\sqrt{\frac{5}{4}}\) = \(\frac{12}{\sqrt{5}}\)>5

Thus, line in option III. doesn't intersect the circle at all.

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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2014, 20:58
Bunuel wrote:
violetsplash wrote:
A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane. Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?

I. y = -x +1
II. y = 2x + 1
III. y = (1/2)x - 6

a) I only
b) II Only
c) I and II Only
d) I and III only
e) I, II and III

Please see the attached picture


Check the diagram below:
Attachment:
graph.png
Answer: C.




Hi Bunuel, sorry I did not get this around in my head... Could you explain in a bit more detail please?

I am bad with coordinate geometry, these things just dont seem to get into my head :( :( :(

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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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violetsplash wrote:
A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane. Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?

I. y = -x +1
II. y = 2x + 1
III. y = (1/2)x - 6

a) I only
b) II Only
c) I and II Only
d) I and III only
e) I, II and III

Please see the attached picture


Co-ordinate geometry is best done by making diagrams of your own. On the x axis, draw a circle with radius 5 and center at (0, 0). It will cut the x axis at 5 and -5 and y axis at 5 and -5.

Now try to plot the 3 given lines.

I. y = -x +1
Put x = 0, you get y = 1. So this line cuts the y axis at 1.
Put y = 0, you get x = 1. So this line cuts the x axis at 1.
This line, when extended on both sides will cut the circle at two distinct points.

II. y = 2x + 1
Similarly, plot this line and you will see that it will cut the circle at two points too.

III. y = (1/2)x - 6
This line cuts the y axis at -6 and x axis at 12. It is outside the circle and hence doesn't cut the circle.

Hence correct answer is (C)
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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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i did this a much faster way (hopefully it works in all aspects).

I mad x 0 for every equation to find the y intercept.

I. Y = 1
II y = 1
III Y - -6

The circle only spans from -5 to 5 so only I and 2 will intersect in 2 points.

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I understand the explanation, but not the question being ask by GMAT. " Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?" is this question asking us identify the lines that intersect the circumference of the circle twice? Or the question is asking us to identify the lines that has two points within the circumference of the circle?

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mawus wrote:
I understand the explanation, but not the question being ask by GMAT. " Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?" is this question asking us identify the lines that intersect the circumference of the circle twice? Or the question is asking us to identify the lines that has two points within the circumference of the circle?


A line that intersects a circle in 2 points is one which has 2 points lying on the circumference of the circle (so it intersects the circumference twice i.e. to say it is not a tangent).
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New post 03 Apr 2015, 06:21
Hi Karishma,
What if the first line,y = -x +1, has a restriction that x and y< +-5. Is it still going to qualify as a one of the sufficient answer choices?

Last edited by Rookie124 on 03 Apr 2015, 06:39, edited 1 time in total.

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New post 02 May 2015, 02:33
not easy at all

find out the points a line intersect the two axis x and y. this means pick x=0 and y=0 for each of equation
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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2015, 07:26
Why do we assume the center is 0,0? I understand that the radius is 5 so it makes logical sense that the center is 0,0 but couldn't the center easily be for example (0,-2) and then the top point of the circle would be (0,3) and bottom be (0,-7). Radius is still 5 but the circle just sits in a different place in the coordinate plane.

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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2015, 16:17
Hi healthjunkie,

The original prompt includes a picture that places O at the Origin. IF that drawing was NOT included with the question, and it wasn't clear that the circle was centered at the Origin, then your concerns would be valid. Having the picture to work with, are you comfortable answering the question?

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New post 17 May 2015, 16:11
Ah, I didnt see the picture as I was doing the question on my phone and somehow I don't think the picture loaded. Makes sense now- thanks!

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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2015, 22:48
mawus wrote:
Hi Karishma,
What if the first line,y = -x +1, has a restriction that x and y< +-5. Is it still going to qualify as a one of the sufficient answer choices?


I am not sure I understand your question.
y = -x + 1 is the equation of a line (which is infinite on both ends) and it intersects the given circle at two points (4, -3) and (-3, 4). Absolute values of both x and y co-ordinates are less than |5| (if that's what you meant).
The line intersects the circle in two points and hence will be a part of the answer.
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New post 10 Jul 2016, 07:54
Hi,

I understand the approaches provided by experts.

However, in the real test with scrap paper, how can we draw a perfect circle?

The line in choice iii could have intersected the circle just a tiny bit.

Thanks,

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Danuthan wrote:
Hi,

I understand the approaches provided by experts.

However, in the real test with scrap paper, how can we draw a perfect circle?

The line in choice iii could have intersected the circle just a tiny bit.

Thanks,



In case of a doubt, just find the shortest distance of the line from the centre (0, 0). The circle with radius 5 will have every point at a distance of 5 from (0, 0). If the shortest distance of the line from (0, 0) is more than 5, it will not cut the circle at all.

The line intersects the x axis at 12 and y axis at -6. So it will form a right triangle with the axis such that hypotenuse is
\(\sqrt{12^2 + 6^2} = \sqrt{180} = 6*\sqrt{5}\)

Area of the triangle = (1/2)*Leg1*Leg2 = (1/2)*Altitude * Hypotenuse

\(6*12 = Altitude * 6*\sqrt{5}\)

\(Altitude = 2.4*\sqrt{5} = 2.4*2.2 = 5.3 (approx)\)

So shortest distance of the line from (0, 0) is 5.3 which is greater than 5. The line doesn't intersect the circle.
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A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2016, 14:28
vikramjainbus137 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
violetsplash wrote:
A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane. Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?

I. y = -x +1
II. y = 2x + 1
III. y = (1/2)x - 6

a) I only
b) II Only
c) I and II Only
d) I and III only
e) I, II and III

Please see the attached picture


Check the diagram below:
Attachment:
graph.png
Answer: C.




Hi Bunuel, sorry I did not get this around in my head... Could you explain in a bit more detail please?

I am bad with coordinate geometry, these things just dont seem to get into my head :( :( :(


The way Bunuel plotted the points, drew the lines, and got the answer, without having to manually calculate anything was by looking at the y-intercept and the slope:

I. y= -x + 1 ... AKA y = \(\frac{-1}{1}\)x+ 1

Y int = +1
Slope = \(\frac{-1}{1}\)(slope is the number before "x"... in this case it's -1)

1) draw a point at your y-int of (0,1)
2) starting from your Y-intercept, which in this case is (0,1), you have to RISE -1, RUN 1 ... that's your second point .... then RISE -1, RUN 1 again and that's your third point on the line, and so on... then connect the points and you have your line with slope of -1/1... this line intercepts the given circle at 2 points

II. y= 2x + 1

Y int = +1
Slope = \(\frac{+2}{1}\)

1) Draw a point at (0,1)
2) Starting from (0,1) RISE 2, RUN 1 and so on, like you did for number I above.

III. y = \(\frac{1}{2}\)x - 6

Y int = -6
Slope = \(\frac{+1}{2}\)

1) Draw a point at (0,-6)
2) Starting from (0,-6), RISE 1, RUN 2 and so on

Number III is the only one that doesn't intersect the circle in 2 points... so answer is C.

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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2017, 13:25
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
violetsplash wrote:
A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane. Lines that intersect the circle in 2 points include which of the following ?

I. y = -x +1
II. y = 2x + 1
III. y = (1/2)x - 6

a) I only
b) II Only
c) I and II Only
d) I and III only
e) I, II and III

Please see the attached picture


Co-ordinate geometry is best done by making diagrams of your own. On the x axis, draw a circle with radius 5 and center at (0, 0). It will cut the x axis at 5 and -5 and y axis at 5 and -5.

Now try to plot the 3 given lines.

I. y = -x +1
Put x = 0, you get y = 1. So this line cuts the y axis at 1.
Put y = 0, you get x = 1. So this line cuts the x axis at 1.
This line, when extended on both sides will cut the circle at two distinct points.

II. y = 2x + 1
Similarly, plot this line and you will see that it will cut the circle at two points too.

III. y = (1/2)x - 6
This line cuts the y axis at -6 and x axis at 12. It is outside the circle and hence doesn't cut the circle.

Hence correct answer is (C)


For I and II, calculating both points isn't necessary is it? If one point is in the circle then the line will have to intersect the circle at two points. However, if a point was touching the circumference, then determination of the second point would be necessary.

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Re: A circle with center O and radius 5 is shown in the xy-plane   [#permalink] 01 Apr 2017, 13:25

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