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# A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl

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Director
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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2017, 23:42
judokan wrote:
A company plans to assign identification numbers to its employees. Each number is to consist of four different digits from 0 to 9, inclusive, except that the first digit cannot be 0. How many different identification numbers are possible?

(A) 3,024
(B) 4,536
(C) 5,040
(D) 9,000
(E) 10,000

The first thing to note is that the possibility of choices is 0-9- which actually is ten numbers if you count [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9] yet the first number of the digit cannot have 0 so there is a pool of 9 choices to choose from for the first number

9 x 9 x 8 x 7 =
4536

Thus B

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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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11 May 2017, 21:40
1st digit can be anything from 1 to 9, So 9 possible digits
2nd can be anything from 0 to 9 but not the one used as 1st digit, so again 10- 1 = 9 possible values
3rd can be anything from 0 to 9 except the two digits used as 1st & 2nd digit, so 10-2 = 8 possible values
4th can be anything from 0 to 9 except the 3 digits used as 1st, 2nd and 3rd digit, so 10-3 = 7

Hence total possibilities = 9x9x8x7 = 4536

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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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11 May 2017, 22:48
judokan wrote:
A company plans to assign identification numbers to its employees. Each number is to consist of four different digits from 0 to 9, inclusive, except that the first digit cannot be 0. How many different identification numbers are possible?

(A) 3,024
(B) 4,536
(C) 5,040
(D) 9,000
(E) 10,000

Since we have to form 4 digit number with 1st digit non-zero and all different digits.
It can be formed in following way
1st digit -> 9 ways (1 to 9)
2nd digit -> 9 ways (0 to 9 excluding 1st digit)
3rd digit -> 8 ways ( 0 to 9 excluding 1st and 2nd digit)
4th digit -> 7 ways ( 0 to 9 excluding 1st , 2nd and 3rd digit)
So total no. of ways = 9*9*8*7 = 4536 ways

[Reveal] Spoiler:
So different identification numbers possible : 4536

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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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20 May 2017, 20:25
Expert's post
Top Contributor
judokan wrote:
A company plans to assign identification numbers to its employees. Each number is to consist of four different digits from 0 to 9, inclusive, except that the first digit cannot be 0. How many different identification numbers are possible?

(A) 3,024
(B) 4,536
(C) 5,040
(D) 9,000
(E) 10,000

1. Ordering is important and there is no repetition, so this is an nPr problem
2. Is there a constraint?. The first digit cannot be zero
3. Number of ways the first digit can be selected is 9
4. Number of ways the second third and last digits can be ordered is 9P3
5. Total number of permutations is 9*9*8*7=4536
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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 01:28
bethebest wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
judokan wrote:
A company plans to assign identification numbers to its employees. Each number is to consist of four different digits from 0 to 9, inclusive, except that the first digit cannot be 0. How many different identification numbers are possible?

(A) 3,024
(B) 4,536
(C) 5,040
(D) 9,000
(E) 10,000

The first digit can take 9 values from 1 to 9 inclusive;
The second digit can also take 9 values (9 digits minus the one we used for the first digit plus 0);
The third digit can take 8 values;
The fourth digit can take 7 values.

Total = 9*9*8*7 = something with the units digit of 6.

-- >
Where in the question has it been mentioned that succeeding digits cannot inherit the preceding value(there is no mentions about repetitions). By that logic, values like 9999 or 9988 or 7777 cannot be used as identification numbers.

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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 01:32
sarthak99 wrote:
A company plans to assign identification numbers to its employees. Each number is to consist of four different digits from 0 to 9, inclusive, except that the first digit cannot be 0. How many different identification numbers are possible?

(A) 3,024
(B) 4,536
(C) 5,040
(D) 9,000
(E) 10,000

Where in the question has it been mentioned that succeeding digits cannot inherit the preceding value(there is no mentions about repetitions). By that logic, values like 9999 or 9988 or 7777 cannot be used as identification numbers.

Check the highlighted part.
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A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2017, 06:42
Bunuel wrote:
A company plans to assign identification numbers to its employees. Each number is to consist of four different digits from 0 to 9, inclusive, except that the first digit cannot be 0. How many different identification numbers are possible?

(A) 3,024
(B) 4,536
(C) 5,040
(D) 9,000
(E) 10,000

The first digit can take 9 values from 1 to 9 inclusive;
The second digit can also take 9 values (9 digits minus the one we used for the first digit plus 0);
The third digit can take 8 values;
The fourth digit can take 7 values.

Total = 9*9*8*7 = something with the units digit if 6.

Hope it's clear.

Let's say the question would have said that the first number could as well be a zero, then the number of identification numbers would be : 10*9*8*7 ? Am i going right?

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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2017, 06:48
1
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Expert's post
SinhaS wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
A company plans to assign identification numbers to its employees. Each number is to consist of four different digits from 0 to 9, inclusive, except that the first digit cannot be 0. How many different identification numbers are possible?

(A) 3,024
(B) 4,536
(C) 5,040
(D) 9,000
(E) 10,000

The first digit can take 9 values from 1 to 9 inclusive;
The second digit can also take 9 values (9 digits minus the one we used for the first digit plus 0);
The third digit can take 8 values;
The fourth digit can take 7 values.

Total = 9*9*8*7 = something with the units digit if 6.

Hope it's clear.

Let's say the question would have said that the first number could as well be a zero, then the number of identification numbers would be : 10*9*8*7 ? Am i going right?

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Yes, that's correct.
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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2017, 11:41
judokan wrote:
A company plans to assign identification numbers to its employees. Each number is to consist of four different digits from 0 to 9, inclusive, except that the first digit cannot be 0. How many different identification numbers are possible?

(A) 3,024
(B) 4,536
(C) 5,040
(D) 9,000
(E) 10,000

There are 9 choices for the first digit (1 through 9, inclusive). The second digit can be any of the 10 digits (0 through 9, inclusive) EXCEPT it can’t repeat the first digit; thus, there are 9 options for the second digit. The third digit can’t repeat either of the first two digits, so there are 8 options. Similarly, the fourth digit can’t repeat any of the first 3 digits, so there are 7 options. Thus, the total number of options is 9 x 9 x 8 x 7 = 4,536.

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Re: A company plans to assign identification numbers to its empl   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2017, 11:41

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