Hi All,
We're told that a company produces a certain toy in only 2 sizes, small or large, and in only 2 colors, red or green - and that for each size, there are EQUAL numbers of red and green toys in a certain production lot. We're asked for the fraction of the total number of GREEN toys that are LARGE. This question can be approached with a mix of logic and TESTing VALUES.
(1) In the production lot, 400 of the small toys are green.
With the information in Fact 1, we know that there are 400 small RED toys (since there are EQUAL numbers of red and green toys in each size), but we don't know how many LARGE GREEN toys there are, so the answer to the question would change depending on number.
Fact 1 is INSUFFICIENT
(2) In the production lot, 2/3 of the toys produced are small.
With Fact 2, we know that 2/3 of the toys are SMALL, so the remaining 1/3 of the toys are LARGE. The prompt tells us that there are EQUAL numbers of red and green toys in each size). These ratios are enough to answer the question; you can prove it with Algebra or by TESTing VALUES.
IF....
TOTAL toys = 6
Total Small = 4 (2 red and 2 green)
Total Large = 2 (1 red and 1 green)
Total fraction of GREEN toys that are LARGE = 1/3
IF....
TOTAL toys = 12
Total Small = 8 (4 red and 4 green)
Total Large = 4 (2 red and 2 green)
Total fraction of GREEN toys that are LARGE = 2/6 = 1/3
Etc.
The answer will ALWAYS be 1/3.
Fact 2 is SUFFICIENT
Final Answer:
GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich