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A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive

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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2014, 07:36
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.

Lets break the sentence:
Phrase 1: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program
Clause 1: per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60,
- Per capita consumption is subject and no verb, Notice that decline is verb-ed modifier instead of a verb. A, B and C are out due to this reason. Moreover per capita consumtion did not initiated the program . So this sentence has modifier error as well.
Phrase 2 : a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole
a drop..... is noun + noun modifier and can modify any entity


Per capita and per person are same and are redundant if used in same sentence to convey same thing

A. per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as

B. annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that

C. California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop

D. California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that - Correct Choice

E. California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2015, 13:43
A,B,C sound as if per capita consumption has put decade long efforts- non sensical.

E per capita- per person redundant.

Only D is good
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2016, 13:38
gurpreet07 wrote:
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.

A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as

B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that

C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop

D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that

E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that


Hello,

is "decline" in choice D a verb or a noun ?
if it is a verb, then the I interpret the sentence structure as: California(Subject) has seen(verb) per capita consumption of cigarettes(subject/object ? :stupid ) decline(verb) . I thought such type of sentence structures are considered wrong on GMAT.

Would really appreciate if any expert could help me on this. Thanks a lot ! :)
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2016, 14:07
Devlikes wrote:
gurpreet07 wrote:
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.

A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as

B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that

C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop

D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that

E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that


Hello,

is "decline" in choice D a verb or a noun ?
if it is a verb, then the I interpret the sentence structure as: California(Subject) has seen(verb) per capita consumption of cigarettes(subject/object ? :stupid ) decline(verb) . I thought such type of sentence structures are considered wrong on GMAT.

Would really appreciate if any expert could help me on this. Thanks a lot ! :)
Devansh


Here "decline" is not a verb, rather its usage is somewhat similar to that of a gerund. Consider the following example:

I (subject) have seen (main verb) him (object) fighting (gerund)with his brother.
California (subject) has seen (main verb) consumption (object) decline (raw verb form acting as gerund).
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2016, 01:36
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1
A clever question by the test maker knowing that students will be tired after AWA, IR, Quant and lots of passages and CR in verbal.
It is hard to read all the verbal diarrhoea in this question and it is also easy to get confused.
But the correct answer can be revealed in under 30 seconds
We need a Noun that is being addressed to or modified by the starting phrase "A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program,===> NOUN
Option A and B are out because they are not starting with a noun (Per capita is not a noun)
Option C,D,E can be correct because they are starting with a noun (California is a noun)
Now option C and E has error of repetition :- per capita and per persion implies the same thing.
Only D is left
CORRECT ANSWER IS D

A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.
A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as
B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that
C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop
D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that
E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2018, 15:47
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gurpreet07 wrote:
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.

(A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as

(B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that

(C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop

(D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that

(E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that


Important: When a sentence begins with a with noun modifier (as it does in the original sentence), stop at the comma and ask the question that the modifier raises

So, once we read, A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, we should stop and ask . . .

"Who or what initiated the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program?"

If the sentence is properly constructed, the part that immediately follows the comma will answer that question in a logical manner.

Reading on we get...

(A) per capita consumption ...
Makes no sense. per capita consumption can't initiate an anti-smoking program.
ELIMINATE A

(B) annual per capita consumption ...
Makes no sense. annual per capita consumption can't initiate an anti-smoking program.
ELIMINATE B

(C) California's annual per capita consumption
Makes no sense. annual per capita consumption can't initiate an anti-smoking program.
ELIMINATE C

(D) California ...
Great. California could, indeed, initiate an anti-smoking program.
KEEP D for now

(E) California ...
Great. California could, indeed, initiate an anti-smoking program.
KEEP E for now

We've narrowed it down to D or E. Let's check each one.

(D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that
Looks fine.

(E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that
Redundancy issue.
per capita means the same as per person
ELIMINATE E

Answer: D

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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2018, 02:40
MOKSH wrote:
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.

Meaning analysis :
A decade after the program
per capita consumption of cigarette in California has been declined.

Error analysis :
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program,
per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.
Error :1.program started in past , but its effect apparent now => present perfect tense required.
2. it is not clear that comparison betn a drop and (?) in the nation .

A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined[/b]from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as :wrong
B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined[b]
from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great asthat wrong
C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop wrong
D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that :correct
E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, [s]more than twice as great as :that[/s] :wrong


How do we become sure of the efficacy of the plan at present? I could not find whether it was a thing of the past or still happening from the stem. Please help!
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2018, 09:50
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The present perfect 'has seen' indicates that the consumption started declining in the past and the decline is further pervading into the present and may continue in the future.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2018, 02:38
(E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that

the most terrible error with choice E is "that" dose not have referent. "that" refer to what noun in preceding clause. there is no "drop" so , "that" is wrong.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive &nbs [#permalink] 24 Jul 2018, 02:38

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