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# A female meadow vole can produce a fresh litter of about

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02 Oct 2009, 07:37
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A female meadow vole can produce a fresh litter of about five pups every three weeks if she chooses to breed at maximum speed, but they begin puppressing pup production from the moment they become concious of nearby voles in excess.

A/ they begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
B/ voles begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles
C/ the suppression of pup production begins by them from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
D/ the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles is when suppression of pup production begins
E/ the moment voles become conscious of nearby voles in excess is when they begin suppressing pup production
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02 Oct 2009, 07:44
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Will go with B

A/ they begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess. No proper referrent for they.
B/ voles begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles
C/ the suppression of pup production begins by them from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
D/ the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles is when suppression of pup production begins
E/ the moment voles become conscious of nearby voles in excess is when they begin suppressing pup production
They can refer to the nearby voles meaning nearby voles begin suppressing pup production
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02 Oct 2009, 07:57
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I think in E, 'is when' is not required.
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12 Jan 2010, 21:37
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I think that "they" and "them" can only grammatically refer to pups, but this would be illogical. That leaves us with choice B.
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13 Jan 2010, 09:03
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Another vote for B as it is the only one with clear references.
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25 Jan 2010, 12:17
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A female meadow vole can produce a fresh litter of about five pups every three weeks if she chooses to breed at maximum speed, but they begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become concious of nearby voles in excess.

A/ they begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
They - no clear antecedent... INCORRECT

B/ voles begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles
Correct - They now has a clear & a valid antecedent

C/ the suppression of pup production begins by them from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
them - again lost in wonderland.... No antecedent.

D/ the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles is when suppression of pup production begins
They - no clear antecedent... INCORRECT

E/ the moment voles become conscious of nearby voles in excess is when they begin suppressing pup production
they has a valid antecedent here but moment and when is redundant... INCORRECT
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25 Jan 2010, 12:31
1
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IMO - B

Why B ?
1. The prnoun has antecedent
2. I belive the sentence has a structure of X but Y

A/ they begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
No antecedent for "they". Singular subject "female meadow"
B/ voles begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles
CORRECT
C/ the suppression of pup production begins by them from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
No antecedent for "them".
D/ the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles is when suppression of pup production begins
No antecedent for "they".
E/ the moment voles become conscious of nearby voles in excess is when they begin suppressing pup production
No antecedent for "they". The subject of second part of statement is The moment voles. Hence "they" does not have clear antecedent.
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08 Feb 2014, 14:50
ms wrote:
IMO - B

Why B ?
1. The prnoun has antecedent
2. I belive the sentence has a structure of X but Y

A/ they begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
No antecedent for "they". Singular subject "female meadow"
B/ voles begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles
CORRECT
C/ the suppression of pup production begins by them from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
No antecedent for "them".
D/ the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles is when suppression of pup production begins
No antecedent for "they".
E/ the moment voles become conscious of nearby voles in excess is when they begin suppressing pup production
No antecedent for "they". The subject of second part of statement is The moment voles. Hence "they" does not have clear antecedent.

But in B, that 'they' does it refer to voles or to pups, for me it isn't as clear as to which antecedent it is referring.
Would anybody dare to elaborate on this one?

Thanks!
Cheers
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09 Feb 2014, 10:12
A female meadow vole can produce a fresh litter of about five pups every three weeks if she chooses to breed at maximum speed, but they begin puppressing pup production from the moment they become concious of nearby voles in excess.

A/ they begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
B/ voles begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles....CORRECT
C/ the suppression of pup productionbegins by themfrom the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
D/ the moment theybecome conscious of an excess of nearby voles is when suppression of pup production begins
E/ the moment voles become conscious of nearby voles in excessis when they begin suppressing pup production
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24 Jul 2016, 23:33
swat wrote:
A female meadow vole can produce a fresh litter of about five pups every three weeks if she chooses to breed at maximum speed, but they begin puppressing pup production from the moment they become concious of nearby voles in excess.

A/ they begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
B/ voles begin suppressing pup production from the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles
C/ the suppression of pup production begins by them from the moment they become conscious of nearby voles in excess
D/ the moment they become conscious of an excess of nearby voles is when suppression of pup production begins
E/ the moment voles become conscious of nearby voles in excess is when they begin suppressing pup production

The first thing to look for is the subject verb agreement.
"A female vole" is singular, hence we cannot use "they"
Eliminate Options A, C and D

Out of B and E, Option E is unnecessarily wordy and awkward.
We do not need both "the moment" and "when"

Correct Option: B
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08 Aug 2016, 02:47
narrowed down to B and E.

excess of nearby voles....seems wrong

excess of money, excess of energy, excess of enthusiasm... correct.
something seems wrong above.

someone please explain how excess of nearby voles is correct.
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14 Oct 2016, 11:43
sahilmalhotra01 wrote:
narrowed down to B and E.

excess of nearby voles....seems wrong

excess of money, excess of energy, excess of enthusiasm... correct.
something seems wrong above.

someone please explain how excess of nearby voles is correct.

excess of nearby voles...
nearby is an adjective which modifies voles
Also, looks like excess can be used with both countable (voles) and uncountable nouns (money, energy, enthusiasm)

Thanks
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Re: A female meadow vole can produce a fresh litter of about   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2016, 11:43
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