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A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses

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A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2019, 00:26
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A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses in a particular neighborhood in which there are 100 households. x of the households own a high-definition television, y of the households own a valuable piece of artwork, z of the households own a luxury car, and all of the households own at least one of these items. The burglars will target the houses in the neighborhood unless the probability of any given household owning all three items exceeds 50%, as this is correlated with tighter security. If z < y < x, do the burglars target the houses in the neighborhood?

(1) \(x+y=120\)

(2) \(z=55\)


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New post Updated on: 06 Dec 2019, 04:18
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A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses in a particular neighborhood in which there are 100 households. x of the households own a high-definition television, y of the households own a valuable piece of artwork, z of the households own a luxury car, and all of the households own at least one of these items. The burglars will target the houses in the neighborhood unless the probability of any given household owning all three items exceeds 50%, as this is correlated with tighter security. If z < y < x, do the burglars target the houses in the neighborhood?

(1) x+y=120
(2) z=55


z < y < x

if p(mid/100)>50%, mid>50 they will not target the neighborhood


Ans (A)

Originally posted by exc4libur on 05 Dec 2019, 03:58.
Last edited by exc4libur on 06 Dec 2019, 04:18, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2019, 04:41
A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses in a particular neighborhood in which there are 100 households. x of the households own a high-definition television, y of the households own a valuable piece of artwork, z of the households own a luxury car, and all of the households own at least one of these items. The burglars will target the houses in the neighborhood unless the probability of any given household owning all three items exceeds 50%, as this is correlated with tighter security. If z < y < x, do the burglars target the houses in the neighborhood?
x = households with HDTV
y = households with Artwork
z = households with a luxury car

Let d = number of households with all three items
If d ≤ 50% then burglars will target, if d > 50% then no.

(1) x+y=120
Nothing about z is given so.

INSUFFICIENT.

(2) z=55
Nothing about x and y.

INSUFFICIENT.

Together 1 and 2

Refer snapshot.
Attachment:
File comment: Burglars
Burglars Neighbourhood.JPG
Burglars Neighbourhood.JPG [ 26.04 KiB | Viewed 547 times ]

X + Y + Z + a + b + c + d = 100 --> Eqn. 1
X + Y + a + b + c + d = 120 --> Eqn. 2
Z + b + d + c = 55 --> Eqn. 3

Adding Eqn. 2 and Eqn. 3
X + Y + a + b + c + d + Z + b + d + c = 120 + 55
(X + Y + Z + a + b + c + d) + b + d + c = 175 [from Eqn. 1]
100 + b + d + c = 175
b + d + c = 75
So,
d ≤ 50 OR d > 50

INSUFFICIENT.

Answer E.
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A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 Dec 2019, 16:55
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z<x<y

(1)x+y=120
-If x=100 and y=20 and z=19 and z are all inside y, then the burglars will not target the houses.
-If x=61 and y=59 and x+y intersect=20, then the burglars will not target the houses.
SUFFICIENT.

(2)z=55
-If z=55 and y=75 and x=80 and z-y-x intersect=55, then the burglars will target the houses.
-If z=55 and y=75 and x=80 and z-y-x intersect=10, then the burglars will not target the houses.
NOT SUFFICIENT

Answer is (A)
Check my other post for more explanation

Posted from my mobile device

Originally posted by chondro48 on 05 Dec 2019, 19:29.
Last edited by chondro48 on 08 Dec 2019, 16:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2019, 02:01
1
Total =100
Neither =0(zero)
x- television
y- artwork
z- car

p- households owning all three items
z < y< x

\(\frac{p}{100} < \frac{1}{2}\) ???
--> p < 50 ???

\(x+y+z = (a+b+c ) + 2(a_1+b_1+c_1) + 3p\)
\(x+y+z = 100+ (a_1+b_1+c_1) + 2p\)

--> \(p= \frac{((x+y+z) -100 -(a_1+b_1+c_1))}{2}\)

(Statement1): x+y=120
--> \(p= \frac{(120+z- 100-(a_1+b_1+c_1))}{2}= \frac{(z+20 -(a_1+b_1+c_1))}{2}\)

here, z could be maximum 58 --> \(p= \frac{(58+20)}{2} -\frac{(a_1+b_1+c_1)}{2}= 39-\frac{(a_1+b_1+c_1)}{2}\)
--> p is less than 50 and be never greater than 50.
(Always YES)-- Sufficient


(Statement2) z=55

\(p= \frac{(x+y+55- 100-(a_1+b_1+c_1))}{2}= \frac{(x+y- 45-(a_1+b_1+c_1))}{2}\)
here x and y are greater than 55. Also we don't know what \((a_1+b_1+c_1)\) is.

--> p could be greater than 50 or less than 50

insufficient

The answer is A
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Re: A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2019, 12:30
chondro48

Hi, could you pls explain in more details how x+y intersect = 20 when x = 61 and y = 59?

I guess when x= 61 and y= 59 the intersect is greater than 20, therefore we also have p >20:

--> Total = 100, so XUY has to be less than 100.

Then we have:

<100 = X + Y - intersection(xy) + neither

<100 = 120 - intersection

Intersection = 120 - <100 which leads to Intersection(XY) > 20. Meaning that if z was all included in the intersection it could be greater than 20.

How do you derive z < 50?
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New post 08 Dec 2019, 16:40
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Camach700

Consider following sxenario: x=61, y=59, total =100, and entire z is within x and y domains. Thus, the x-y intersection is 61 + 59 - 100 = 20 and as a result, x-y-z intersection can only be up to 20.

Consider another scenario: x=61, y=59, z=58 (z<y<x) and entire y is inside x domain. Yes, the x-y intersection is 59 and x-y-z intersection, seemingly, can shoot beyond 50. But remember that there are (100-61)=39 left within the "empty" domain that must be covered by z solely. As a result, x-y-z intersection can only reach up to 19.

Running any other scenarios for x+y=120 (Statement 1), you will further validate that x-y-z intersection will never be > 20.
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A group of burglars is trying to decide whether to target the houses   [#permalink] 08 Dec 2019, 16:40
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