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# A major network news organization experienced a drop in

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A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 13:54
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (01:11) correct 29% (01:27) wrong based on 4022 sessions

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A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.

Step 1: Identify the Question

The words if true and supports indicate that this is a Strengthen the Argument question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

A network news organization aired a controversial report (about which there were a lot of complaints) and then experienced a drop in viewership the following week. The network doesn’t think these two events are linked, however.

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

The argument offers no evidence to support the claim that the controversial report was not responsible for the drop in viewership. The question asks you to find some information that does support this claim. Perhaps some other event occurred that would have resulted in a drop in viewership?

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) CORRECT. This choice does not specify what occurred to cause a drop in viewership across other major news networks, but the fact that such a drop did occur indicates a cause that affected all of these news channels, not just the one that aired the controversial report. In other words, the network may be justified in claiming that its controversial report was not what caused the drop in viewership.

(B) If the viewers who complained were regular viewers, then it seems more likely that they may have chosen not to watch the following week because of the controversial report. If anything, this choice weakens the network’s argument.

(C) This network did receive complaints about the controversial report. As such, this choice doesn’t support the position that the complaints are unrelated to the drop in viewership.

(D) This choice merely states that previous complaints were received. It does not indicate whether the prior complaints did or did not result in a drop in viewership.

(E) This choice does not address why this network experienced a drop in viewership after airing a particular, controversial report.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2012, 02:09
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betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.
(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.
(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.
(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.

Hey
One thing that should be noticed is that finding out the assumption in strengthen/weaken questions is often time consuming and difficult. Assumption is not a very simple thing to figure out in complicated arguments while strengthen and weaken could be figured out using some basic strategies and common sense.
Also there could be two conclusions in different context. One could be the conclusion of the argument and one could be the conclusion of a particular character. We should not confuse the conclusion of the network with the conclusion of the argument. ( just to be sure we are not falling for a common gmat trap)

Now looking at the answer choices objectively, we need to find an answer choice that tells us that there must be some other reason for the loss of viewers. It’s better to look for answer choices in a strengthen weaken questions with an objective (makes your life easier).
B) This weakens the network’s argument. If this were true, then the regular viewers are more likely to not watch the network anymore because they were not happy with the network’s broadcast.
C) C does nothing because we are not concerned with the declaration of less viewership, but the reason for which it has declined.
D) I don’t know why people are favoring D here. It does not even mention the loss of viewership which we need to connect with something else to validate an answer choice.
E) E is largely irrelevant. Again we need some reason to support the network by saying that there was some other reason to declined viewership.

A) A is the perfect answer choice. It says that other network had similar decline in viewership which could mean there were other probable causes (holidays, power outage etc.)
A is the clear winner.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 14:08
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A. clear

i.e controversial prog doesnt lead to---> decrease in viewership.

we have to strengthen it. so any answer of the form that if cause is not there , effect is there as well will suffice.

option a perfectly macthes this pattern.

When no such cause(controversial prog)-->effect(decrease in viewership) is there.

hope it helps.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 14:05
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Excellent question,
(A) has a tough contender (D)
(A) wins because (D) fails to compare the intensity of controversial nature of the previous broadcasting of another controversial report on economy.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2012, 08:17
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nice explanation venus . . i found it difficult to eliminate D
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2012, 08:26
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There seems to be no correct answer .
A does not seem to be correct .We do not know any information of the programs on the other channels .What if there are similar problems that plague the other channels too ? We dont know .What if other channels also aired a controversial program on the economy ,which has lead to the decrease in the number of viewers.We cannot assume this information .
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 23:14

Was stuck in A and B , A is doubtful , but if its OG question then yeah the correct ans has to be A. But still I would like to see how to eliminate B , cause B says all the viewers were regular and hence it eliminates an alternate path to the conclusion ie there were no irregular viewers that could attribute to the drop in the viewership. Kindly explain why elimination of alternate path is not strengthening the argument here.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2012, 11:36
crackHSW wrote:

Was stuck in A and B , A is doubtful , but if its OG question then yeah the correct ans has to be A. But still I would like to see how to eliminate B , cause B says all the viewers were regular and hence it eliminates an alternate path to the conclusion ie there were no irregular viewers that could attribute to the drop in the viewership. Kindly explain why elimination of alternate path is not strengthening the argument here.

Doesn't B indirectly strengthen the fact that it was because of the customers' complains that the viewership decreased ?
Moreover, if the complaints were by the regular customers it gives us a substantial evidence to prove the causal relationship.

Hence, you can eliminate B.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2012, 10:17
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2012, 10:26
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A is right.

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week. >> so the reduction is not because of the controvercial report. everbody faced that. This supports the network's position.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs. >>> out of scope

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports. >> weakens the conclusion.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network. >> but did they loose viewers in past when this happenend? not sure. So this doesn't support the position.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy. >>> Out of scope
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 02:45
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(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

This kinda weakens the CAUSE and EFFECT relationship of decline in viewership and reported complaints due to some report.
This shows an existance of the EFFECT without the CAUSE (Controversial Report on Economy w/c was aired by the network in focus).

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.
W: This strengthens the CAUSE & EFFECT relationship a bit by showing that those who complained are viewers of the network. We need something that Strengthens the argument and weakens the Cause and Effect relationship.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

Hmm. When to attribute a complaint to drop in viewership and when not to? Doesn't do anything to the argument.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
First time or second time. This has no bearing on proving the causal relationship.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.[/quote]
Primary source or not primary source. This has no bearing on proving or disproving the causal relationship.

A is the answer. It doesn't establish the argument air tight but it does help it a bit.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 08:37
Can any1 explain the assumption fr this question...
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01 Nov 2012, 09:25
Answer D fails to say was there an outflow of viewer last time when such controversial report was announced.

Answer A supports the argument because it states that other programs also have lost viewers and it is highly unlikely that all of them made the same controversial report.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 13:10
Ivan91 wrote:
Answer D fails to say was there an outflow of viewer last time when such controversial report was announced.

Answer A supports the argument because it states that other programs also have lost viewers and it is highly unlikely that all of them made the same controversial report.

What you have explained is nothing different from OG explanation......
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 23:03
souvik101990 wrote:
betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.
(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.
(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.
(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.

Hey
One thing that should be noticed is that finding out the assumption in strengthen/weaken questions is often time consuming and difficult. Assumption is not a very simple thing to figure out in complicated arguments while strengthen and weaken could be figured out using some basic strategies and common sense.
Also there could be two conclusions in different context. One could be the conclusion of the argument and one could be the conclusion of a particular character. We should not confuse the conclusion of the network with the conclusion of the argument. ( just to be sure we are not falling for a common gmat trap)

Now looking at the answer choices objectively, we need to find an answer choice that tells us that there must be some other reason for the loss of viewers. It’s better to look for answer choices in a strengthen weaken questions with an objective (makes your life easier).
B) This weakens the network’s argument. If this were true, then the regular viewers are more likely to not watch the network anymore because they were not happy with the network’s broadcast.
C) C does nothing because we are not concerned with the declaration of less viewership, but the reason for which it has declined.
D) I don’t know why people are favoring D here. It does not even mention the loss of viewership which we need to connect with something else to validate an answer choice.
E) E is largely irrelevant. Again we need some reason to support the network by saying that there was some other reason to declined viewership.

A) A is the perfect answer choice. It says that other network had similar decline in viewership which could mean there were other probable causes (holidays, power outage etc.)
A is the clear winner.

Thank you for detail response. HOwever, I have a problem.

I find that for strengthen/weaken problem, prethinking an assumption before going to answer choices is particularly helpful because a strengthener/weakener is the new information which increase belieft/doubt on an assumption. I do not see any strengthener/weakener in og books which increase the belief/dount directly on only conclusion. If you find one, pls tell me. if the assumption we prethink is not the assumption that the strengthener is based on, the prethinking is still helpful because it is more easy to find a strengthener/weakener when we had know one of the assumptions.

for above questions, I prethink that the assumption is that controversial report dose not cause the decline. A incrase the belief in this assumption and is correct.

pls comment. CR logic is not clear but have no much to learn.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2013, 07:27
Damn!
I misread, in option (A), the word 'reductions' as 'reports', and I was like 'so what?'
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2013, 01:12
I normally prethink an assumption before going to answer choices.

evidence: dislike of the report, loss of viewer both happen
conclusion: dislike dose not cause the loss
prethink :
assmption is there is another cause
strengthener : must increase the assumption that there is another cause.

go to answer choice, look for a match.
A match.

I spend 1 minute and 30 second for reading argument and prethink an assumption and spend only 30 second for reading answer choices.

do you think that time allocation is good? pls comment

I admit that this question require skill more than time. some other cr problem has long argument and longer answer choices and so takes us longer time to do.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2013, 02:13
It is a strengthen question not the conclusion based question. Please remove the "conclusion" tag
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2013, 08:16
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I found this question tough too. But with an approach to such questions we can crack it!

A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. .... This is the core of the argument

The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. Premise

The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers. I feel this is a counter premise.

We need to find the answer choice which talks about the arguement as a whole and not a single premise.

Option D- only talks about the premise. we do not know if there is a drop in viewership (the drop is the issue here! )
Option A- says that there are other channels reporting drop. This is our answer. The reasons for the drop is not our concern here. In fact if there is a different reason for drop it is helpful to show that the controversial news was not the reason for the drop in viewership.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 13:06
If you were stuck between A vs D, here's my reasoning:

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

You have to ask yourself: If they lost viewership before, why in the world would they put out a controversial report again. Even the if the report was put out with intent, you have to consider the question stem - it asks "which MOST strongly supports the network's position" answer choice A beats D.

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week. (correct)

This is much stronger than D because it shows that there was another reason as to why viewership dropped. There was an another occurrence.

Do realize though, if A wasn't an option D would be a good choice.
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