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A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in

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New post 07 Aug 2012, 13:54
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A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?


(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.


ID - CR07660


Step 1: Identify the Question

The words if true and supports indicate that this is a Strengthen the Argument question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

A network news organization aired a controversial report (about which there were a lot of complaints) and then experienced a drop in viewership the following week. The network doesn’t think these two events are linked, however.

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

The argument offers no evidence to support the claim that the controversial report was not responsible for the drop in viewership. The question asks you to find some information that does support this claim. Perhaps some other event occurred that would have resulted in a drop in viewership?

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) CORRECT. This choice does not specify what occurred to cause a drop in viewership across other major news networks, but the fact that such a drop did occur indicates a cause that affected all of these news channels, not just the one that aired the controversial report. In other words, the network may be justified in claiming that its controversial report was not what caused the drop in viewership.

(B) If the viewers who complained were regular viewers, then it seems more likely that they may have chosen not to watch the following week because of the controversial report. If anything, this choice weakens the network’s argument.

(C) This network did receive complaints about the controversial report. As such, this choice doesn’t support the position that the complaints are unrelated to the drop in viewership.

(D) This choice merely states that previous complaints were received. It does not indicate whether the prior complaints did or did not result in a drop in viewership.

(E) This choice does not address why this network experienced a drop in viewership after airing a particular, controversial report.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2012, 02:09
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betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.
(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.
(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.
(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.


Hey
I received a PM about this
One thing that should be noticed is that finding out the assumption in strengthen/weaken questions is often time consuming and difficult. Assumption is not a very simple thing to figure out in complicated arguments while strengthen and weaken could be figured out using some basic strategies and common sense.
Also there could be two conclusions in different context. One could be the conclusion of the argument and one could be the conclusion of a particular character. We should not confuse the conclusion of the network with the conclusion of the argument. ( just to be sure we are not falling for a common gmat trap)

Now looking at the answer choices objectively, we need to find an answer choice that tells us that there must be some other reason for the loss of viewers. It’s better to look for answer choices in a strengthen weaken questions with an objective (makes your life easier).
B) This weakens the network’s argument. If this were true, then the regular viewers are more likely to not watch the network anymore because they were not happy with the network’s broadcast.
C) C does nothing because we are not concerned with the declaration of less viewership, but the reason for which it has declined.
D) I don’t know why people are favoring D here. It does not even mention the loss of viewership which we need to connect with something else to validate an answer choice.
E) E is largely irrelevant. Again we need some reason to support the network by saying that there was some other reason to declined viewership.

A) A is the perfect answer choice. It says that other network had similar decline in viewership which could mean there were other probable causes (holidays, power outage etc.)
A is the clear winner.
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New post 07 Aug 2012, 14:08
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A. clear

this is X doesnt lead--->Y

i.e controversial prog doesnt lead to---> decrease in viewership.

we have to strengthen it. so any answer of the form that if cause is not there , effect is there as well will suffice.

option a perfectly macthes this pattern.

When no such cause(controversial prog)-->effect(decrease in viewership) is there.

hope it helps.
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New post 07 Aug 2012, 14:05
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Excellent question,
(A) has a tough contender (D)
(A) wins because (D) fails to compare the intensity of controversial nature of the previous broadcasting of another controversial report on economy.
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New post 04 Oct 2012, 10:26
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A is right.

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week. >> so the reduction is not because of the controvercial report. everbody faced that. This supports the network's position.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs. >>> out of scope

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports. >> weakens the conclusion.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network. >> but did they loose viewers in past when this happenend? not sure. So this doesn't support the position.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy. >>> Out of scope
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New post 06 Oct 2012, 02:45
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(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

This kinda weakens the CAUSE and EFFECT relationship of decline in viewership and reported complaints due to some report.
This shows an existance of the EFFECT without the CAUSE (Controversial Report on Economy w/c was aired by the network in focus).


(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.
W: This strengthens the CAUSE & EFFECT relationship a bit by showing that those who complained are viewers of the network. We need something that Strengthens the argument and weakens the Cause and Effect relationship.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

Hmm. When to attribute a complaint to drop in viewership and when not to? Doesn't do anything to the argument.


(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
First time or second time. This has no bearing on proving the causal relationship.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.[/quote]
Primary source or not primary source. This has no bearing on proving or disproving the causal relationship.

A is the answer. It doesn't establish the argument air tight but it does help it a bit.
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New post 13 Mar 2013, 13:06
If you were stuck between A vs D, here's my reasoning:

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

You have to ask yourself: If they lost viewership before, why in the world would they put out a controversial report again. Even the if the report was put out with intent, you have to consider the question stem - it asks "which MOST strongly supports the network's position" answer choice A beats D.

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week. (correct)

This is much stronger than D because it shows that there was another reason as to why viewership dropped. There was an another occurrence.

Do realize though, if A wasn't an option D would be a good choice.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2013, 21:28
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DelSingh wrote:
If you were stuck between A vs D, here's my reasoning:

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

You have to ask yourself: If they lost viewership before, why in the world would they put out a controversial report again. Even the if the report was put out with intent, you have to consider the question stem - it asks "which MOST strongly supports the network's position" answer choice A beats D.

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week. (correct)

This is much stronger than D because it shows that there was another reason as to why viewership dropped. There was an another occurrence.

Do realize though, if A wasn't an option D would be a good choice.


Actually, (D) shouldn't be considered at all. Let me discuss why.

Argument:
A network aired a controversial report.
It received many complaints about the report.
It experienced a drop in viewership in the following week.
The network maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

We need to strengthen that the report had nothing to do with loss of viewers.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

So we know now that they have aired controversial reports before and got complaints. First of all, (D) doesn't tell us that there was no loss of viewers when they aired controversial reports in the past. If there was loss of viewers in the past too, then the network's claim is not strengthened - if anything, it is weakened a little. Even if there was no loss of viewers in the past, the network's claim still doesn't get strengthened much because perhaps this time, the report was way beyond the tolerance level of people - we don't know. Remember, past doesn't predict the future accurately and the future doesn't need to mirror the past. Hence, more often than not, past events will not provide much support to the future events. But we only have the past as reference to what will happen in the future so sometimes we base our hypothesis on the past.

On the other hand, option (A) gives an alternative reason for the drop - some outside factor which is responsible for the viewership drop of many channels. This strengthens the network's position that the report was not responsible for the drop.
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New post 31 Mar 2013, 01:10
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My explanation to the causality is that:

Suppose we have the causal reasoning i.e. - X causes Y.

The option D is wrong because it only talks about X and not Y at all.

Any answer choice that talks only about X or Y and the premises are linked, then that answer choice cannot be the answer choice. It cannot affect the argument at all.
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New post 07 Jan 2014, 08:01
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This question is based on CAUSE and EFFECT relationship.

Here CAUSE-> Controversial Program and EFFECT-> Decrease in viewership.

In Answer option A, are we not trying to define a alternate cause, which is the reason for the effect(Decrease in viewership).

I mean we are providing an alternate/different cause for the effect, which we are not suppose to do for the strengthen questions.(We should eliminate any alternate causes for the stated effect for Strengthen Questions).

Could someone please explain on this line?
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New post 27 Apr 2014, 10:20
How can we tell that in A, the other networks did NOT air such controversial material? Is that not inferred? Meaning, if it was newsworthy information, wouldn't every network cover it?
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New post 27 Apr 2014, 21:21
russ9 wrote:
How can we tell that in A, the other networks did NOT air such controversial material? Is that not inferred? Meaning, if it was newsworthy information, wouldn't every network cover it?


It is not given that anyone other than this network aired a controversial report. Every network has its own team of reporters and hence its own report on the state of affairs. The report of this network was controversial and disliked - it doesn't mean everyone aired the same report.
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New post 11 Oct 2014, 03:40
betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network
also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.



We need to strengthen the argument that the decrease in the viewership is not due to the negative reactions which are related to controversial report.

Option can provide an alternate cause or historical data supporting this fact.

Option C is against the argument.
Option D gives some historical data but does not provide enough data to draw a conclusion
Option E - I felt it is irrelevant
Option B - Viewers who registered the complaint are regular viewers -> states that the viewers complained but there is nothing stated about viewership.
Option A states that other news networks also faced reduction in viewership - I felt this is a shell game answer. Other channels had a drop in viewership we do not know the cause of that. May be they also telecasted a controversial report... and hence there is drop in viewership

I felt there was no clear answer to pick. I am struck between A & B.

Can someone help???

Thanks,
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New post 12 Oct 2014, 20:30
gayam wrote:
betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network
also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.



We need to strengthen the argument that the decrease in the viewership is not due to the negative reactions which are related to controversial report.

Option can provide an alternate cause or historical data supporting this fact.

Option C is against the argument.
Option D gives some historical data but does not provide enough data to draw a conclusion
Option E - I felt it is irrelevant
Option B - Viewers who registered the complaint are regular viewers -> states that the viewers complained but there is nothing stated about viewership.
Option A states that other news networks also faced reduction in viewership - I felt this is a shell game answer. Other channels had a drop in viewership we do not know the cause of that. May be they also telecasted a controversial report... and hence there is drop in viewership

I felt there was no clear answer to pick. I am struck between A & B.

Can someone help???

Thanks,


Option (B) doesn't support the network's position at all. The option has no effect on the network's position. The network says that the report had nothing to do with the drop. We know that the network received many complaints. Option (B) tells us that regular viewers were the ones who complained. But did they stop viewing the channel, we don't know. Complaining and dropping out are two different activities and this option doesn't tell us whether they were linked in this case. But if regular viewers do drop out, it will affect the viewership of the channel. So the information given in (B) could be viewed to have a slight negative effect on the network's position. Another way of analyzing this could be that regular viewers will probably not drop out just because of one report. But then, it is possible that if the report was controversial, only regular viewers would complaint - the others would just not watch the channel again. In any case, we get almost no support for the network's position from this option.

Option (A) shows you that some outside factor is at play since many networks experienced a drop. Hence it strengthens the network's position that the report was not responsible. Note that we have to strengthen the position, not establish it beyond doubt.
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New post 29 Nov 2014, 06:15
Can someone please help me with the reasoning? I just highly doubt the OA answer and explanation and cannot come up why they think this answer is the best. Hopefully you can! :)

My line of reasoning was: the bad report (A) leads to (B1) a drop in viewership and to (B2) complaints
The conclusion says that the drop in viewership (B1) has nothing to do with the complaints (B2).

So should we not look for something that makes B1 and B2 "unequal" (something that says that B1 has nothing to do with B2)!??

For A, I concluded that this is out of scope. Why are we interested what happened to other networks?? I feel this is completely out of range!


Any help is much appreciated!


PS: On a side note, with the A (bad report) does not lead to B (loss of viewers) framework. How can we come up with that?? First, where do we account for the complaints? And second, according to the statement, A (bad report) DOES lead to B (loss of viewers). ??
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New post 30 Nov 2014, 22:45
mott wrote:
Can someone please help me with the reasoning? I just highly doubt the OA answer and explanation and cannot come up why they think this answer is the best. Hopefully you can! :)

My line of reasoning was: the bad report (A) leads to (B1) a drop in viewership and to (B2) complaints
The conclusion says that the drop in viewership (B1) has nothing to do with the complaints (B2).

So should we not look for something that makes B1 and B2 "unequal" (something that says that B1 has nothing to do with B2)!??

For A, I concluded that this is out of scope. Why are we interested what happened to other networks?? I feel this is completely out of range!


Any help is much appreciated!


PS: On a side note, with the A (bad report) does not lead to B (loss of viewers) framework. How can we come up with that?? First, where do we account for the complaints? And second, according to the statement, A (bad report) DOES lead to B (loss of viewers). ??


This is an Official Guide question so it is quite pointless to doubt the correctness of the answer. What we should focus on instead is why answer (A) is correct, the logic behind it and how we can use similar logic in other questions.

Complaints don't really have much to do with the question. Negative reaction to the report means people's dislike of the report. It isn't only the complaints received. So the conclusion is saying that the report is not responsible for the loss of viewers.

Also, I agree that usually, when we try to strengthen something by taking an example from 'out of scope situations', it is not correct. For example, if we are wondering whether a particular plan will succeed in country A, saying that another country has implemented it, doesn't strengthen the probability of the plan succeeding in country A. But a lot depends on the given argument. Note here that we are saying that an internal factor (the report) was not responsible for drop in viewership. So if we find that there was an external factor affecting all networks, then it does strengthen our argument that the report was not the culprit. Also, you have to choose the best answer and (A) is certainly the best of the given lot.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Sep 2016, 11:18
Answer is A

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

WHAT HAPPENED:-
All news channel reported loss in view

WHAT IT MEANS :-
It means the phenomenon was a result of something else that affected all news channels ... say for example :- The timing of the 2 hours controversial report on economy coincided with the timing of the final of the soccer world cup and every person in the world was busy watching the exciting final between Brazil and France and no body gave a two cent hoot about the economy and any news channel.


betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.

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Originally posted by LogicGuru1 on 09 Jul 2016, 04:14.
Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 04 Sep 2016, 11:18, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2016, 07:43
souvik101990 wrote:
betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.
(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.
(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.
(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.


Hey
I received a PM about this
One thing that should be noticed is that finding out the assumption in strengthen/weaken questions is often time consuming and difficult. Assumption is not a very simple thing to figure out in complicated arguments while strengthen and weaken could be figured out using some basic strategies and common sense.
Also there could be two conclusions in different context. One could be the conclusion of the argument and one could be the conclusion of a particular character. We should not confuse the conclusion of the network with the conclusion of the argument. ( just to be sure we are not falling for a common gmat trap)

Now looking at the answer choices objectively, we need to find an answer choice that tells us that there must be some other reason for the loss of viewers. It’s better to look for answer choices in a strengthen weaken questions with an objective (makes your life easier).
B) This weakens the network’s argument. If this were true, then the regular viewers are more likely to not watch the network anymore because they were not happy with the network’s broadcast.
C) C does nothing because we are not concerned with the declaration of less viewership, but the reason for which it has declined.
D) I don’t know why people are favoring D here. It does not even mention the loss of viewership which we need to connect with something else to validate an answer choice.
E) E is largely irrelevant. Again we need some reason to support the network by saying that there was some other reason to declined viewership.

A) A is the perfect answer choice. It says that other network had similar decline in viewership which could mean there were other probable causes (holidays, power outage etc.)
A is the clear winner.


Hi,

Can you please explain in option A, what if there are no other reasons for the decline in viewership for the other major network news organizations apart from 'negative reactions on report'. Couldn't this be possible since we are not given a specific reason in option A and we are just assuming that there would not be another reason.
Thanks in advance!
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2016, 03:49
(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.
It could be that there is similar a news or may be larger than that has happened or even due to changes in the program can effect viewer ship. No where it is mentioned that both these network news organisation also stays in the same location or geography and could be thousands of miles away.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
This is purely related to the same organisation and eventhough the intensity of old controversial report programs are less , the viewership expects and are habituated of such programs and writing letters. May be for the mentioned program more letters have come, but reduce in viewer ship may not be due to controversial program that aired.
So, this option is also not perfect , but better option than others.

What is the source of the question ?Can some please clear the confusion.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2016, 06:06
ravikrishna1979 wrote:
(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.
It could be that there is similar a news or may be larger than that has happened or even due to changes in the program can effect viewer ship. No where it is mentioned that both these network news organisation also stays in the same location or geography and could be thousands of miles away.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
This is purely related to the same organisation and eventhough the intensity of old controversial report programs are less , the viewership expects and are habituated of such programs and writing letters. May be for the mentioned program more letters have come, but reduce in viewer ship may not be due to controversial program that aired.
So, this option is also not perfect , but better option than others.

What is the source of the question ?Can some please clear the confusion.


A is correct because it provides a reason that there has been a similar decrease in viewership of its peers. So, it could happen that there is an overall decrease in viewership hence strengthening the claim that the reports had no effect on the decrease.

D is wrong because it is actually a weakner which is weakening the claim made by the network. It provides a similar scenario that happened in the past due to reports. Hence, telling us that Reports were the root cause.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in &nbs [#permalink] 03 Sep 2016, 06:06

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